Psalms 66:1-20 . The writer invites all men to unite in praise, cites some striking occasions for it, promises special acts of thanksgiving, and celebrates God's great mercy.
1. Make . . . noise--or, "Shout."
2. his name--as in Psalms 29:2 .
make his praise glorious--literally, "place honor, His praise," or, "as to His praise"; that is, let His praise be such as will glorify Him, or, be honorable to Him.
5, 6. The terrible works illustrated in Israel's history ( Exodus 14:21 ). By this example let rebels be admonished.
7. behold the nations--watch their conduct.
8, 9. Here is, perhaps, cited a case of recent deliverance.
12. men to ride over our heads--made us to pass.
through fire, &c.--figures describing prostration and critical dangers (compare Isaiah 43:2 , Ezekiel 36:12 ).
wealthy--literally, "overflowing," or, "irrigated," and hence fertile.
13-15. These full and varied offerings constitute the payment of vows ( Leviticus 22:18-23 ).
15. I will offer--literally, "make to ascend," alluding to the smoke of burnt offering, which explains the use of "incense."
incense--elsewhere always denoting the fumes of aromatics.
16-20. With these he unites his public thanks, inviting those who fear God ( Psalms 60:4 , 61:5 , His true worshippers) to hear. He vindicates his sincerity, inasmuch as God would not hear hypocrites, but had heard him.
17. he was extolled with my tongue--literally, "exaltation (was) under my tongue," as a place of deposit, whence it proceeded; that is, honoring God was habitual.
18. If I regard iniquity in my heart--literally, "see iniquity with pleasure."