Psalms 85:1-13 . On the ground of former mercies, the Psalmist prays for renewed blessings, and, confidently expecting them, rejoices.
1. captivity--not necessarily the Babylonian, but any great evil ( Psalms 14:7 ).
2, 3. (Compare Psalms 32:1-5 ).
3. To turn from the "fierceness," implies that He was reconcilable, though
4-7. having still occasion for the anger which is deprecated.
5. draw out--or, "prolong" ( Psalms 36:10 ).
9. They are here termed "them that fear him"; and grace produces glory ( Psalms 84:11 ).
10. God's promises of "mercy" will be verified by His "truth" (compare Psalms 25:10 , 40:10 ); and the "work of righteousness" in His holy government shall be "peace" ( Isaiah 32:17 ). There is an implied contrast with a dispensation under which God's truth sustains His threatened wrath, and His righteousness inflicts misery on the wicked.
11. Earth and heaven shall abound with the blessings of this government;
12, 13. and, under this, the deserted land shall be productive, and men be "set," or guided in God's holy ways. Doubtless, in this description of God's returning favor, the writer had in view that more glorious period, when Christ shall establish His government on God's reconciled justice and abounding mercy.