If he discern not the body
(mh diakrinwn to swma
). So-called conditional use of the participle, "not judging the body." Thus he eats and drinks judgment (krima
) on himself. The verb dia-krinw
is an old and common word, our dis-cri-minate
, to distinguish. Eating the bread and drinking the wine as symbols of the Lord's body and blood in death probes one's heart to the very depths.