Who quickeneth all things (tou zwogonounto ta panta). Present active participle of zwogonew (zwogono, from zwo, genw), late word to give life, to bring forth alive, in N.T. only here and Acts 7:19 . See 1 Samuel 2:6 . Before Pontius Pilate (epi Pontiou Peilatou). Not "in the time of," but "in the presence of." Witnessed (marturhsanto). Note marturew, not omologew as in verse 1 Samuel 12 . Christ gave his evidence as a witness to the Kingdom of God. Evidently Paul knew some of the facts that appear in John 18:1 ff.