Alexander the coppersmith (Alexandro o calkeu). Old word, only here in N.T., for metal-worker (copper, iron, gold, etc.). Possibly the one in 1:20, but not the one in Acts 19:33 unless he afterwards became a Christian. Did me much evil (moi kaka enedeixato). Evidently he had some personal dislike towards Paul and possibly also he was a Gnostic. Will render (apodwsei). Future active of the same verb used in verse Acts 8 , but with a very different atmosphere.