Did ye suffer? (epaqete?). Second aorist active indicative of pascw, to experience good or ill. But alone, as here, it often means to suffer ill (tosauta, so many things). In North Galatia we have no record of persecutions, but we do have records for South Galatia ( Acts 14:2Acts 14:5Acts 14:19Acts 14:22 ). If it be indeed in vain (ei ge kai eikh). On eikh see 1 Corinthians 15:2 ; Galatians 4:11 . Paul clings to hope about them with alternative fears.