A tenth (dekathn). It was common to offer a tenth of the spoils to the gods. So Abraham recognized Melchizedek as a priest of God. Divided (emerisen). First aorist active of merizw, from mero (portion), to separate into parts. From this point till near the end of verse Luke 3 (the Son of God) is a long parenthesis with outo of verse Luke 1 as the subject of menei (abideth) as the Revised Version punctuates it. Philo had made popular the kind of exegesis used here. The author gives in Greek the meaning of the Hebrew words Melchizedek (King of righteousness, cf. Luke 1:8 ) and Salem (peace).