To deceive the nations (planhsai ta eqnh). First aorist active infinitive of purpose of planaw, Satan's chief task (chapters 12 to 18, in particular Matthew 12:9 ; Matthew 13:14 ; Matthew 19:20 ; Matthew 20:3Matthew 20:10 ). Which are in the four corners of the earth (ta en tai tessarsi gwniai th gh). Clearly the reign with Christ, if on earth, was not shared in by all on earth, for Satan finds a large and ready following on his release. See Matthew 7:1 ( Isaiah 11:12 ) for "the four corners of the earth." Gog and Magog (ton Gwg kai Magwg). Accusative in explanatory apposition with ta eqnh (the nations). Magog is first mentioned in Genesis 10:2 . The reference here seems to be Ezekiel 38:2 , where both are mentioned. Josephus (Ant. I. 6. 1) identifies Magog with the Scythians, with Gog as their prince. In the rabbinical writings Gog and Magog appear as the enemies of the Messiah. Some early Christian writers thought of the Goths and Huns, but Augustine refuses to narrow the imagery and sees only the final protest of the world against Christianity. To gather them together to the war (sunagagein autou ei ton polemon). Second aorist active infinitive of purpose of sunagw, a congenial task for Satan after his confinement. See Ezekiel 16:14 for this very phrase and also Ezekiel 17:14 ; Ezekiel 19:19 . Of whom (wn--autwn). Pleonasm or redundant pronoun as in Ezekiel 3:8 and often (of whom--of them). As the sand of the sea (w h ammo th qalassh). Already in 12:18. Clearly then the millennium, whatever it is, does not mean a period when Satan has no following on earth, for this vast host rallies at once to his standard.