Revelation 9:11

As king (basilea). Predicate accusative and anarthrous. In Proverbs 30:27 it is stated that the locust has no king, but this is not true of these demonic locusts. Their king is "the angel of the abyss (verse Proverbs 1 ) whose orders they obey." His name is (onoma autwi). "Name to him" (nominative absolute and dative, as in Proverbs 6:8 ). In Hebrew (Ebraisti). Adverb as in Proverbs 16:16 ; John 5:2 ; John 19:13 John 19:17 John 19:20 ; John 20:16 . Abaddwn. A word almost confined to the Wisdom books ( Job 26:6 ; Psalms 88:11 ; Proverbs 15:11 ). It is rendered in the LXX by Apwleia, destruction. In the Greek tongue (en th Hellhnikh). With glwssh or dialektwi understood. As usual, John gives both the Hebrew and the Greek. Apollyon (Apolluwn). Present active masculine singular participle of apolluw, meaning "destroying," used here as a name and so "Destroyer," with the nominative case retained though in apposition with the accusative onoma. The personification of Abaddon occurs in the Talmud also. It is not clear whether by Apollyon John means Death or Satan. Bousset even finds in the name Apollyon an indirect allusion to Apollo, one of whose symbols was the locust, a doubtful point assuredly.