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Romans 1:4

Who was declared (tou orisqento). Articular participle (first aorist passive) of orizw for which verb see on Luke 22:22 ; Acts 2:23 . He was the Son of God in his preincarnate state ( 2 Corinthians 8:9 ; Philippians 2:6 ) and still so after his Incarnation (verse Romans 1:3 , "of the seed of David"), but it was the Resurrection of the dead (ex anastasew nekrwn, the general resurrection implied by that of Christ) that definitely marked Jesus off as God's Son because of his claims about himself as God's Son and his prophecy that he would rise on the third day. This event (cf. 1 Corinthians 15:1 ff.) gave God's seal "with power" (en dunamei), "in power," declared so in power ( 2 Corinthians 13:4 ). The Resurrection of Christ is the miracle of miracles. "The resurrection only declared him to be what he truly was" (Denney). According to the spirit of holiness (kata pneuma agiwsunh). Not the Holy Spirit, but a description of Christ ethically as kata sarka describes him physically (Denney). Hagiwsunh is rare ( 1 Thessalonians 3:13 ; 2 Corinthians 7:1 in N.T.), three times in LXX, each time as the attribute of God. "The pneuma agiwsunh, though not the Divine nature, is that in which the Divinity or Divine Personality Resided " (Sanday and Headlam). Jesus Christ our Lord (Ihsou Cristou tou kuriou hmwn). These words gather up the total personality of Jesus (his deity and his humanity).

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