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Ephesians 1

Chapter 1

1:1  Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus:

in Christ

The believer's place as a member of the body of Christ, vitally united to Him by the baptism with the Holy Spirit 1 Corinthians 12:12 1 Corinthians 12:13 .

1:3  Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ:

in heavenly places

Literally, the heavenlies. The same Greek word is used in John 3:12 where "things" is added. In both places the word signifies that which is heavenly in contradistinction to that which is earthy. In Ephesians "places" is especially misleading. "The heavenlies" may be defined as the sphere of the believer's spiritual experience as identified with Christ in nature. 2 Peter 1:4, life, ; Colossians 3:4 ; 1 John 5:12, relationships ; John 20:17 ; Hebrews 2:11 service, ; John 17:18 ; Matthew 28:20, suffering ; Philippians 1:29 ; 3:10 ; Colossians 1:24 inheritance Romans 8:16 Romans 8:17 and future glory in the kingdom ; Romans 8:18-21 ; 1 Peter 2:9 ; Revelation 1:6 ; 5:10 . The believer is a heavenly man, and a stranger and pilgrim on the earth. ; Hebrews 3:1 ; 1 Peter 2:11 .

1:5  Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,


Predestination is that effective exercise of the will of God by which things before determined by Him are brought to pass. See Election,

(See Scofield "1 Peter 1:2")

Foreknowledge, (See Scofield "1 Peter 1:20")


Adoption (huiothesia, "placing as a son") is not so much a word of relationship as of position. The believer's relation to God as a child results from the new birth John 1:12 John 1:13 whereas adoption is the act of God whereby one already a child is, through redemption from the law, placed in the position of an adult son. Galatians 4:1-5 .

The indwelling Spirit gives the realization of this in the believer's present experience Galatians 4:6 but the full manifestation of the believer's sonship awaits the resurrection, change, and translation of saints, which is called "the redemption of the body" ; Romans 8:23 ; 1 Thessalonians 4:14-17 ; Ephesians 1:14 ; 1 John 3:2 .

1:7  In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace;


Sin. (See Scofield "Romans 3:23") .

grace Grace (in salvation). 1:6 1:7 ; 2:5 2:7 2:8 ; Romans 3:24 . (See Scofield "John 1:17") .

1:9  Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself:


See, Romans 16:25 Romans 16:26 ; Ephesians 3:3 . (See Scofield "Matthew 13:11") .

1:10  That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him:

dispensation of the fullness of times

The Dispensation of the Fulness of Times. This, the seventh and last of the ordered ages which condition human life on the earth, is identical with the kingdom covenanted to David. 2 Samuel 7:8-17 ; Zechariah 12:8


Luke 1:31-33 ; 1 Corinthians 15:24, and gathers into itself under Christ all past "times":

(1) The time of oppression and misrule ends by Christ taking His kingdom. Isaiah 11:3 Isaiah 11:4 .

(2) The time of testimony and divine forbearance ends in judgment. Matthew 25:31-46 ; Acts 17:30 Acts 17:31 ; Revelation 20:7-15 .

(3) The time of toil ends in rest and reward. 2 Thessalonians 1:6 2 Thessalonians 1:7 .

(4) The time of suffering ends in glory. Romans 8:17 Romans 8:18 .

(5) The time of Israel's blindness and chastisement ends in restoration and conversion. Romans 11:25-27 ; Ezekiel 39:25-29 .

(6) The times of the Gentiles end in the smiting of the image and the setting up of the kingdom of the heavens. Daniel 2:34 Daniel 2:35 ; Revelation 19:15-21 .

(7) The time of creation's thraldom ends in deliverance at the manifestation of the sons of God. Genesis 3:17 ; Isaiah 11:6-8 ; Romans 8:19-21 .

1:13  In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,


The Holy Spirit is Himself the seal. In the symbolism of Scripture a seal signifies:

(1) A finished transaction Jeremiah 32:9 Jeremiah 32:10 ; John 17:4 ; 19:30 .

(2) Ownership Jeremiah 32:11 Jeremiah 32:12 ; 2 Timothy 2:19

(3) Security Esther 8:8 ; Daniel 6:17 ; Ephesians 4:30