2:1 Now these are the children of the province that went up out of the captivity, of those which had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away unto Babylon, and came again unto Jerusalem and Judah, every one unto his city;
2:2 Which came with Zerubbabel: Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Reelaiah, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar, Bigvai, Rehum, Baanah. The number of the men of the people of Israel:
are the children
Probably individuals from all of the tribes returned to Jerusalem under Zerubbabel, Ezra and Nehemiah, but speaking broadly, the dispersion of the ten tribes (Ephraim- Israel) still continues; nor can they now be positively identified. They are, however, preserved distinct from other peoples and are known to God as such, though they themselves, few in number, know Him not Deuteronomy 28:62 ; Isaiah 11:11-13 ; Hosea 3:4 ; 8:8 .
The order of the restoration was as follows:
(1) The return of the first detachment under Zerubbabel and Jeshua (B.C. 536), Ezra 1.-6., and the books of Haggai and Zechariah;
(2) the expedition of Ezra (B.C. 458), seventy-eight years later (Ezra 7.-10);
(3) the commission of Nehemiah (B.C. 444), fourteen years after the expedition of Ezra. Nehemiah 2:1-5 .
2:63 And the Tirshatha said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.
(See Scofield "Exodus 28:30") .