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Ezra 4:1

Overview - Ezra 4
The adversaries, being not accepted in the building of the temple with the Jews, endeavour to hinder it.
Their letter to Artaxerxes.
17 The answer and decree of Artaxerxes.
23 The building is hindered.
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Ezra 4:1  (King James Version)
Now when the adversaries of Judah and Benjamin heard that the children of the captivity builded the temple unto the LORD God of Israel;

the adversaries
These were the Samaritans, the descendants of the various nations with which the kings of Assyria had peopled Israel, when they had carried the original inhabitants captive.
7:9 1 Kings 5:4 1 Kings 5:5 ; 1 Chronicles 22:9 1 Chronicles 22:10 ; Nehemiah 4:1-11 ; Daniel 9:25 ; 1 Corinthians 16:9

children of the captivity
Hebrew sons of the transportation.
1:11 *marg:
Ezra 6:16 Ezra 6:19 Ezra 6:20 Ezra 10:7 Ezra 10:16 Daniel 5:13