Leviticus 16:8

Overview - Leviticus 16
How the high priest must enter into the holy place.
11 The sin offering for himself.
15 The sin offering for the people.
20 The scape-goat.
29 The yearly feast of the expiations.
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Leviticus 16:8  (King James Version)
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat.

cast lots
Numbers 26:55 ; 33:54 Joshua 18:10 Joshua 18:11 ; 1 Samuel 14:41 1 Samuel 14:42 ; Proverbs 16:33 ; Ezekiel 48:29
Jonah 1:7 ; Acts 1:23-26

scape goat
Hebrew Azazel, that is, the goat-gone-away.
The Hebrew [ ] has been supposed by some to be the name of a place, either a mountain or cliff, to which the goat was led. But no place of that name has ever been pointed out, except a mountain near Sinai, which was too distant for the goat to be conducted there from Jerusalem. Other learned men think it was the name of the devil, who was worshipped by the heathen in the form of a goat
But Bp. Patrick justly objects to this opinion; for it is difficult to conceive, that when the other goat was offered to God, this should be sent among demons. The more probable opinion seems to be, that it was name given to the goat itself, on account of his being let go; from {aiz,} a goat, and {azal,} to depart
So LXX. [\~apopompaov\~,] and Vulgate {emissarius,} sent away; Aquila
and Symmachus [\~tragov apercomenov\~,] or [\~apolelumenov\~:] the goat going away, or dismissed.