1 Paul, an apostle-not from men or by man, but by Jesus Christ and God the Father who raised Him from the dead-

References for Galatians 1:1

      2 and all the brothers who are with me: To the churches of Galatia.a

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        • a 1:2 - A Roman province in what is now Turkey
          3 Grace to you and peace from God the Father and our Lord b Jesus Christ,

          References for Galatians 1:3

            • b 1:3 - Other mss read God our Father and the Lord
              4 who gave Himself for our sins to rescue us from this present evil age, according to the will of our God and Father,
              5 to whom be the glory forever and ever. Amen.

              No Other Gospel

              6 I am amazed that you are so quickly turning away from Him who called you by the grace of Christ, [and are turning] to a different gospel-

              References for Galatians 1:6

                  7 not that there is another [gospel], but there are some who are troubling you and want to change the gospel of Christ.
                  8 But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach to you a gospel other than what we have preached to you, a curse be on him!c

                  References for Galatians 1:8

                    • c 1:8 - Or you, let him be condemned, or you, let him be condemned to hell; Gk anathema
                      9 As we have said before, I now say again: if anyone preaches to you a gospel contrary to what you received, a curse be on him!d

                      References for Galatians 1:9

                        • d 1:9 - Or received, let him be condemned, or received, let him be condemned to hell; Gk anathema
                          10 For am I now trying to win the favor of people, or God? Or am I striving to please people? If I were still trying to please people, I would not be a slave of Christ.

                          Paul Defends His Apostleship

                          11 Now I want you to know, brothers, that the gospel preached by me is not based on a human point of view.e

                          References for Galatians 1:11

                            • e 1:11 - Lit not according to man
                              12 For I did not receive it from a human source and I was not taught it, but it came by a revelation from Jesus Christ.
                              13 For you have heard about my former way of life in Judaism: I persecuted God's church to an extreme degree and tried to destroy it;
                              14 and I advanced in Judaism beyond many contemporaries among my people, because I was extremely zealous for the traditions of my ancestors.
                              15 But when God, who from my mother's womb set me apartf and called me by His grace, was pleased

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                                  16 to reveal His Son in me, so that I could preach Him among the Gentiles, I did not immediately consult with anyone.g

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                                    • g 1:16 - Lit flesh and blood
                                      17 I did not go up to Jerusalem to those who had become apostles before me; instead I went to Arabia and came back to Damascus.
                                      18 Then after three years I did go up to Jerusalem to get to know Cephas,h and I stayed with him 15 days.

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                                        • h 1:18 - Other mss read Peter
                                          19 But I didn't see any of the other apostles except James, the Lord's brother.
                                          20 Now in what I write to you, I'm not lying. God is my witness.i

                                          References for Galatians 1:20

                                            • i 1:20 - Lit Behold, before God
                                              21 Afterwards, I went to the regions of Syria and Cilicia.
                                              22 I remained personally unknown to the Judean churches in Christ;
                                              23 they simply kept hearing: "He who formerly persecuted us now preaches the faith he once tried to destroy."
                                              24 And they glorified God because of me.