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Jashen

Jashen [N] [S]

sleeping, called also Hashem ( 1 Chronicles 11:34 ); a person, several of whose sons were in David's body-guard ( 2 Samuel 23:32 ).

These dictionary topics are from
M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

[N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
[S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

Bibliography Information

Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Jashen". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

Jashen [N] [E]

(sleeping ). Bene-Jashen --"sons of Jashen"-- are named in the catalogue of the heroes of Davids guard in ( 2 Samuel 23:32 ) (B.C. 1046.)


[N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
[E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary

Bibliography Information

Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Jashen'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.

JASHEN

ja'-shen, jash'-en (yashen, "asleep"(?)):

Seemingly the father of some of David s thirty valiant men (2 Samuel 23:32). The Massoretic Text reads "Eliahba the Shaalbonite, the sons of Jashen, Jonathan, Shammah the Hararite, .... " 1 Chronicles 11:33 f has Eliahba the Shaalbonite, the sons of Hashem the Gizonite, Jonathan the son of Shagee the Hararite .... " It is clear that "sons of" are a dittography of the last three consonants of the previous word. Septuagint, Lucian in 2 Samuel and 1 Chronicles has ho Gouni, "the Gunite," for "the Gizonite," perhaps correctly (compare Genesis 46:24; Numbers 26:48 for "Guni," "Gunite"). So 2 Samuel 23:32 may be corrected thus: "Eliahba the Shaalbonite, Jashen the Gunite, Jonathan the son of Shammah the Hararite." Jashen then becomes one of the thirty = "Hashem" of 1 Chronicles 11:34.

David Francis Roberts


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'JASHEN'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.