(Heb. tsaphon), a "hidden" or "dark place," as opposed to the sunny south ( Deuteronomy 3:27 ). A Hebrew in speaking of the points of the compass was considered as always having his face to the east, and hence "the left hand" ( Genesis 14:15 ; Job 23:9 ) denotes the north. The "kingdoms of the north" are Chaldea, Assyria, Media, etc.
M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.
Bibliography InformationEaston, Matthew George. "Entry for Northward". "Easton's Bible Dictionary".