gigantic, the king of Bashan, who was defeated by Moses in a pitched battle at Edrei, and was slain along with his sons ( Deuteronomy 1:4 ), and whose kingdom was given to the tribes of Reuben and Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh ( Numbers 21:32-35 ; Deuteronomy 3:1-13 ). His bedstead (or rather sarcophagus) was of iron (or ironstone), 9 cubits in length and 4 cubits in breadth. His overthrow was afterwards celebrated in song ( Psalms 135:11 ; 136:20 ). (See SIHON .)
a cake; bread baked in ashes
(giant , literally long-necked ), an Amoritish king of Bashan, whose rule extended over sixty cities. ( Joshua 13:12 ) He was one of the last representatives of the giant race of Rephaim, and was, with his children and his people, defeated and exterminated by the Israelites at Edrei immediately after the conquest of Sihon. ( Numbers 32:33 ; 3:1-13 ) Also ( 1:4 ; 4:47 ; 31:4 ; Joshua 2:10 ; 9:10 ; Joshua 13:12 Joshua 13:30 ) The belief in Ogs enormous stature is corroborated by an allusion to his iron bedstead preserved in "Rabbath of the children of Ammon." ( 3:11 ) (B.C. 1461.)
King of Bashan, whose territory, embracing 60 cities, was conquered by Moses and the Israelites immediately after the conquest of Sihon, king of the Amorites (Numbers 21:33-35; Deuteronomy 3:1-12). The defeat took place at Edrei, one of the chief of these cities (Numbers 21:33; Joshua 12:4), and Og and his people were "utterly destroyed" (Deuteronomy 3:6). Og is described as the last of the REPHAIM (which see), or giant-race of that district, and his giant stature is borne out by what is told in Deuteronomy 3:11 of the dimensions of his "bedstead of iron" (`eres barzel), 9 cubits long and 4 broad (13 1/2 ft. by 6 ft.), said to be still preserved at Rabbath of Ammon when the verse describing it was written. It is not, of course, necessary to conclude that Og's own height, though immense, was as great as this. Some, however, prefer to suppose that what is intended is "a sarcophagus of black basalt," which iron-like substance abounds in the Hauran. The conquered territory was subsequently bestowed on the Reubenites, Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh (Numbers 32:33; Deuteronomy 3:12,13). Other references to Og are Deuteronomy 1:4; 4:47; 31:4; Joshua 2:10; 9:10; 13:12,30). The memory of this great conquest lingered all through the national history (Psalms 135:11; 136:20). On the conquest, compare Stanley, Lectures on the History of the Jewish Church, I, 185-87.
See ARGOB; BASHAN.
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