I, the Teacher,3 was king over Israel in Jerusalem.413
I devoted myself to study and to explore by wisdom all that is done under heaven.5 What a heavy burden God has laid on men!614
I have seen all the things that are done under the sun; all of them are meaningless, a chasing after the wind.715
What is twisted cannot be straightened;8 what is lacking cannot be counted.
I thought to myself, "Look, I have grown and increased in wisdom more than anyone who has ruled over Jerusalem before me;9 I have experienced much of wisdom and knowledge."
Then I applied myself to the understanding of wisdom,10 and also of madness and folly,11 but I learned that this, too, is a chasing after the wind.
For with much wisdom comes much sorrow;12 the more knowledge, the more grief.13