And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel went out to battle against the Philistines. They encamped at 1Ebenezer, and the Philistines encamped at 2Aphek.
References for 1 Samuel 4:1
The Philistines drew up in line against Israel, and when the battle spread, Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand men on the field of battle.
And when the troops came to the camp, the elders of Israel said, "Why has the LORD defeated us today before the Philistines? Let us bring the ark of the covenant of the LORD here 3from Shiloh, that it may come among us and save us from the power of our enemies."
References for 1 Samuel 4:3
So the people sent to Shiloh and brought from there the ark of the covenant of the LORD of hosts, 4who is enthroned on the cherubim. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of the covenant of God.
References for 1 Samuel 4:4
As soon as the ark of the covenant of the LORD came into the camp, all Israel 5gave a mighty shout, so that the earth resounded.
References for 1 Samuel 4:5
And when the Philistines heard the noise of the shouting, they said, "What does this great shouting in the camp of the Hebrews mean?" And when they learned that the ark of the LORD had come to the camp,
the Philistines were afraid, for they said, "A god has come into the camp." And they said, "Woe to us! For nothing like this has happened before.
Woe to us! Who can deliver us from the power of these mighty gods? These are the gods who struck the Egyptians with every sort of plague in the wilderness.
6Take courage, and be men, O Philistines, lest you become slaves to the Hebrews 7as they have been to you; be men and fight."
References for 1 Samuel 4:9
So the Philistines fought, 8and Israel was defeated, 9and they fled, every man to his home. And there was a very great slaughter, for there fell of Israel thirty thousand foot soldiers.
References for 1 Samuel 4:10
10And the ark of God was captured, 11and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, died.
References for 1 Samuel 4:11
A man of Benjamin ran from the battle line and came to Shiloh the same day, 12with his clothes torn and with dirt on his head.
References for 1 Samuel 4:12
When he arrived, 13Eli was sitting on his seat by the road watching, for his heart trembled for the ark of God. And when the man came into the city and told the news, all the city cried out.
References for 1 Samuel 4:13
When Eli heard the sound of the outcry, he said, "What is this uproar?" Then the man hurried and came and told Eli.
Now Eli was ninety-eight years old 14and his eyes were set so that he could not see.
References for 1 Samuel 4:15
And the man said to Eli, "I am he who has come from the battle; I fled from the battle today." And he said, 15"How did it go, my son?"
References for 1 Samuel 4:16
He who brought the news answered and said, "Israel has fled before the Philistines, and there has also been a great defeat among the people. Your two sons also, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead, and the ark of God has been captured."
As soon as he mentioned the ark of God, Eli fell over backward 16from his seat by the side of the gate, and his neck was broken and he died, for the man was old and heavy. He had judged Israel forty years.
References for 1 Samuel 4:18
Now his daughter-in-law, the wife of Phinehas, was pregnant, about to give birth. And when she heard the news that the ark of God was captured, and that her father-in-law and her husband were dead, she bowed and gave birth, for her pains came upon her.
And about the time of her death the women attending her said to her, 17"Do not be afraid, for you have borne a son." But she did not answer or pay attention.
References for 1 Samuel 4:20
And she named the child 18Ichabod, saying, 19"The glory has departed from Israel!" because 20the ark of God had been captured and because of her father-in-law and her husband.
References for 1 Samuel 4:21
And she said, "The glory has departed from Israel, 21for the ark of God has been captured."
References for 1 Samuel 4:22
[See ver. 21 above]