Exodus 28 ESV

The Priests' Garments

1 "Then bring near to you 1Aaron your brother, and his sons with him, from among the people of Israel, to serve me as priests--Aaron and Aaron's sons, 2Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.

References for Exodus 28:1

2 3And you shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother, for glory and for beauty.

References for Exodus 28:2

3 You shall speak to all the 4skillful, whom I have filled with a spirit of skill, that they make Aaron's garments to consecrate him for my priesthood.

References for Exodus 28:3

4 These are the garments that they shall make: a 5breastpiece, an 6ephod, 7a robe, 8a coat of checker work, 9a turban, and 10a sash. They shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother and his sons to serve me as priests.

References for Exodus 28:4

      5 They shall receive 11gold, blue and purple and scarlet yarns, and fine twined linen.

      References for Exodus 28:5

      6 12"And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue and purple and scarlet yarns, and of fine twined linen, skillfully worked.

      References for Exodus 28:6

          7 It shall have two shoulder pieces attached to its two edges, so that it may be joined together.
          8 And the 13skillfully woven band on it shall be made like it and be of one piece with it, of gold, blue and purple and scarlet yarns, and fine twined linen.

          References for Exodus 28:8

              9 You shall take two onyx stones, and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel,
              10 six of their names on the one stone, and the names of the remaining six on the other stone, in the order of their birth.
              11 As a jeweler engraves signets, so shall you engrave the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel. You shall enclose them in settings of gold filigree.
              12 And you shall set the two stones on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, as stones of remembrance for the sons of Israel. And 14Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD on his two shoulders 15for remembrance.

              References for Exodus 28:12

                  13 You shall make settings of gold filigree,
                  14 and two chains of pure gold, twisted like cords; and you shall attach the corded chains to the settings.
                  15 16"You shall make a breastpiece of judgment, in skilled work. In the style of the ephod you shall make it--of gold, blue and purple and scarlet yarns, and fine twined linen shall you make it.

                  References for Exodus 28:15

                      16 It shall be square and doubled, a spana its length and a span its breadth.

                      References for Exodus 28:16

                        • ¢ 28:16 - A span was about 9 inches or 22 centimeters
                          17 17You shall set in it four rows of stones. A row of sardius,b topaz, and carbuncle shall be the first row;

                          References for Exodus 28:17

                            • £ 28:17 - The identity of some of these stones is uncertain
                              18 and the second row an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond;
                              19 and the third row a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst;
                              20 and the fourth row a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper. They shall be set in gold filigree.
                              21 There shall be twelve stones with their names according to the names of the sons of Israel. They shall be like signets, each engraved with its name, for the twelve tribes.
                              22 You shall make for the breastpiece twisted chains like cords, of pure gold.
                              23 And you shall make for the breastpiece two rings of gold, and put the two rings on the two edges of the breastpiece.
                              24 And you shall put the two cords of gold in the two rings at the edges of the breastpiece.
                              25 The two ends of the two cords you shall attach to the two settings of filigree, and so attach it in front to the shoulder pieces of the ephod.
                              26 You shall make two rings of gold, and put them at the two ends of the breastpiece, on its inside edge next to the ephod.
                              27 And you shall make two rings of gold, and attach them in front to the lower part of the two shoulder pieces of the ephod, at its seam above the 18skillfully woven band of the ephod.

                              References for Exodus 28:27

                                  28 And they shall bind the breastpiece by its rings to the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, so that it may lie on the skillfully woven band of the ephod, so that the breastpiece shall not come loose from the ephod.
                                  29 19So Aaron shall bear the names of the sons of Israel in the breastpiece of judgment on his heart, when he goes into the Holy Place, to bring them to regular 20remembrance before the LORD.

                                  References for Exodus 28:29

                                      30 And in the breastpiece of judgment 21you shall put the Urim and the Thummim, and they shall be on Aaron's heart, when he goes in before the LORD. Thus Aaron shall bear the judgment of the people of Israel on his heart before the LORD regularly.

                                      References for Exodus 28:30

                                      31 22"You shall make the robe of the ephod all of blue.

                                      References for Exodus 28:31

                                          32 It shall have an opening for the head in the middle of it, with a woven binding around the opening, like the opening in a garment,c so that it may not tear.

                                          References for Exodus 28:32

                                            • ¤ 28:32 - The meaning of the Hebrew word is uncertain; possibly coat of mail
                                              33 On its hem you shall make pomegranates of blue and purple and scarlet yarns, around its hem, with bells of gold between them,
                                              34 a golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, around the hem of the robe.
                                              35 And it shall be on Aaron when he ministers, and its sound shall be heard when he goes into the Holy Place before the LORD, and when he comes out, so that he does not die.
                                              36 "You shall make 23a plate of pure gold and engrave on it, like the engraving of a signet, 24'Holy to the LORD.'

                                              References for Exodus 28:36

                                              37 And you shall fasten it on the turban by a cord of blue. It shall be on the front of the turban.
                                              38 It shall be on Aaron's forehead, and Aaron shall 25bear any guilt from the holy things that the people of Israel consecrate as their holy gifts. It shall regularly be on his forehead, that they may be accepted before the LORD.

                                              References for Exodus 28:38

                                              39 "You shall weave the coat in checker work of fine linen, and you shall make a turban of fine linen, and you shall make a sash embroidered with needlework.
                                              40 26"For Aaron's sons you shall make coats and sashes and caps. You shall make them 27for glory and beauty.

                                              References for Exodus 28:40

                                              41 And you shall put them on Aaron your brother, and on his sons with him, and shall 28anoint them and ordain them and 29consecrate them, that they may serve me as priests.

                                              References for Exodus 28:41

                                              42 You shall make for them 30linen undergarments to cover their naked flesh. They shall reach from the hips to the thighs;

                                              References for Exodus 28:42

                                              43 and they shall be on Aaron and on his sons when they go into the tent of meeting or when they come near the altar to minister in the Holy Place, lest they 31bear guilt and die. 32This shall be a statute forever for him and for his offspring after him.

                                              References for Exodus 28:43