The Sabbath Year

1 1The LORD spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai, saying,

References for Leviticus 25:1

2 "Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, When you come into 2the land that I give you, the land shall keep a Sabbath to the LORD.

References for Leviticus 25:2

3 For six years you shall sow your field, and for six years you shall prune your vineyard and gather in its fruits,
4 but in the seventh year there shall be a Sabbath of solemn rest for the land, a Sabbath to the LORD. You shall not sow your field or prune your vineyard.
5 3You shall not reap what grows of itself in your harvest, or gather the grapes of your undressed vine. It shall be a year of solemn rest for the land.

References for Leviticus 25:5

6 The Sabbath of the land shall provide food for you, for yourself and for your male and female slaves and for your hired servant and the sojourner who lives with you,
7 and for your cattle and for the wild animals that are in your land: 4all its yield shall be for food.

References for Leviticus 25:7

    • 730 25:7 - ver. 12

      The Year of Jubilee

      8 "You shall count seven weeksa of years, seven times seven years, so that the time of the seven weeks of years shall give you forty-nine years.

      References for Leviticus 25:8

        • ” 25:8 - Or Sabbaths
          9 Then you shall sound 5the loud trumpet on the tenth day of the seventh month. 6On the Day of Atonement you shall sound the trumpet throughout all your land.

          References for Leviticus 25:9

          10 And you shall consecrate the fiftieth year, and 7proclaim liberty throughout the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a jubilee for you, when each of you shall return to his property and each of 8you shall return to his clan.
          11 That fiftieth year shall be a jubilee for you; in it 9you shall neither sow nor reap 10what grows of itself nor gather the grapes from the undressed vines.

          References for Leviticus 25:11

            • 735 25:11 - ver. 4, 5
            • 736 25:11 - [See ver. 5 above]
              12 For it is a jubilee. It shall be holy to you. 11You may eat the produce of the field.b

              References for Leviticus 25:12

                • • 25:12 - Or countryside
                  13 12"In this year of jubilee each of you shall return to his property.

                  References for Leviticus 25:13

                    • 738 25:13 - [See ver. 10 above]
                      14 And if you make a sale to your neighbor or buy from your neighbor, 13you shall not wrong one another.

                      References for Leviticus 25:14

                      15 14You shall pay your neighbor according to the number of years after the jubilee, and he shall sell to you according to the number of years for crops.

                      References for Leviticus 25:15

                      16 If the years are many, you shall increase the price, and if the years are few, you shall reduce the price, for it is the number of the crops that he is selling to you.
                      17 15You shall not wrong one another, but you shall fear your God, for I am the LORD your God.

                      References for Leviticus 25:17

                      18 16"Therefore you shall do my statutes and keep my rules and perform them, and then 17you will dwell in the land securely.
                      19 18The land will yield its fruit, and 19you will eat your fill 20and dwell in it securely.

                      References for Leviticus 25:19

                      20 And if you say, 21'What shall we eat in the seventh year, if 22we may not sow or gather in our crop?'

                      References for Leviticus 25:20

                      21 I will 23command my blessing on you in the sixth year, so that it will produce a crop sufficient for three years.

                      References for Leviticus 25:21

                      22 24When you sow in the eighth year, you will be eating some of 25the old crop; you shall eat the old until the ninth year, when its crop arrives.

                      References for Leviticus 25:22

                      Redemption of Property

                      23 "The land shall not be sold in perpetuity, for 26the land is mine. For you are strangers and sojourners with me.
                      24 And in all the country you possess, you shall allow a redemption of the land.
                      25 "If your brother becomes poor and sells part of his property, 27then his nearest redeemer shall come and redeem what his brother has sold.

                      References for Leviticus 25:25

                      26 If a man has no one to redeem it and then himself becomes prosperous and finds sufficient means to redeem it,
                      27 let 28him calculate the years since he sold it and pay back the balance to the man to whom he sold it, and then return to his property.

                      References for Leviticus 25:27

                        • 754 25:27 - See ver. 50-52
                          28 But if he has not sufficient means to recover it, then what he sold shall remain in the hand of the buyer until the year of jubilee. In the jubilee it shall 29be released, and 30he shall return to his property.

                          References for Leviticus 25:28

                              29 "If a man sells a dwelling house in a walled city, he may redeem it within a year of its sale. For a full year he shall have the right of redemption.
                              30 If it is not redeemed within a full year, then the house in the walled city shall belong in perpetuity to the buyer, throughout his generations; 31it shall not be released in the jubilee.

                              References for Leviticus 25:30

                                • 757 25:30 - [See ver. 28 above]
                                  31 But the houses of the villages that have no wall around them shall be classified with the fields of the land. They may be redeemed, and 32they shall be released in the jubilee.

                                  References for Leviticus 25:31

                                    • 758 25:31 - [See ver. 28 above]
                                      32 As for 33the cities of the Levites, the Levites may redeem at any time the houses in the cities they possess.

                                      References for Leviticus 25:32

                                      33 And if one of the Levites exercises his right of redemption, then the house that was sold in a city they possess shall be released in the jubilee. For the houses in the cities of the Levites are their possession among the people of Israel.
                                      34 But the fields 34of pastureland belonging to their cities may not be sold, for that is their possession forever.

                                      Kindness for Poor Brothers

                                      35 "If your brother becomes poor and cannot maintain himself with you, 35you shall support him as though he were a stranger and a sojourner, and he shall live with you.
                                      36 36Take no interest from him or profit, but 37fear your God, that your brother may live beside you.

                                      References for Leviticus 25:36

                                          37 38You shall not lend him your money at interest, nor give him your food for profit.

                                          References for Leviticus 25:37

                                            • 764 25:37 - [See ver. 36 above]
                                              38 39I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt to give you the land of Canaan, and to be your God.

                                              References for Leviticus 25:38

                                              39 40"If your brother becomes poor beside you and sells himself to you, you shall not make him serve as a slave:

                                              References for Leviticus 25:39

                                              40 he shall be with you as a hired servant and as a sojourner. He shall serve with you until the year of the jubilee.
                                              41 41Then he shall go out from you, 42he and his children with him, and go back to his own clan and return 43to the possession of his fathers.

                                              References for Leviticus 25:41

                                                  42 For they are 44my servants,c whom I brought out of the land of Egypt; they shall not be sold as slaves.

                                                  References for Leviticus 25:42

                                                    • – 25:42 - Hebrew slaves
                                                      43 45You shall not rule over him 46ruthlessly but 47shall fear your God.

                                                      References for Leviticus 25:43

                                                      44 As for your male and female slaves whom you may have: you may buy male and female slaves from among the nations that are around you.
                                                      45 48You may also buy from among the strangers who sojourn with you and their clans that are with you, who have been born in your land, and they may be your property.

                                                      References for Leviticus 25:45

                                                      46 You may bequeath them to your sons after you to inherit as a possession forever. You may make slaves of them, but over your brothers the people of Israel 49you shall not rule, one over another ruthlessly.

                                                      References for Leviticus 25:46

                                                      Redeeming a Poor Man

                                                      47 "If a stranger or sojourner with you becomes rich, and 50your brother beside him becomes poor and sells himself to the stranger or sojourner with you or to a member of the stranger's clan,

                                                      References for Leviticus 25:47

                                                        • 776 25:47 - ver. 25, 35, 39
                                                          48 then after he is sold he may be redeemed. One of his brothers may redeem him,
                                                          49 or his uncle or his cousin may 51redeem him, or a close relative from his clan may redeem him. Or if he 52grows rich he may redeem himself.

                                                          References for Leviticus 25:49

                                                              50 He shall calculate with his buyer from the year when he sold himself to him until the year of jubilee, and the price of his sale shall vary with the number of years. The time he was with his owner shall be 53rated as the time of a hired servant.

                                                              References for Leviticus 25:50

                                                              51 If there are still many years left, he shall pay proportionately for his redemption some of his sale price.
                                                              52 If there remain but a few years until the year of jubilee, he shall calculate and pay for his redemption in proportion to his years of service.
                                                              53 He shall treat him as a servant hired year by year. 54He shall not rule ruthlessly over him in your sight.

                                                              References for Leviticus 25:53

                                                                • 780 25:53 - [See ver. 46 above]
                                                                  54 And if he is not redeemed by these means, then 55he and his children with him shall be released in the year of jubilee.

                                                                  References for Leviticus 25:54

                                                                  55 For it is 56to me that the people of Israel are servants.d They are my servants whom I brought out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.

                                                                  References for Leviticus 25:55