The Sermon on the Mount

1 Seeing the crowds, 1he went up on the mountain, and when he 2sat down, his disciples came to him.

References for Matthew 5:1

The Beatitudes

2 And 3he opened his mouth and taught them, saying:

References for Matthew 5:2

3 4"Blessed are 5the poor in spirit, for 6theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

References for Matthew 5:3

      4 "Blessed are 7those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.
      5 "Blessed are the 8meek, for they 9shall inherit the earth.

      References for Matthew 5:5

      6 "Blessed are those who hunger and 10thirst 11for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.

      References for Matthew 5:6

      7 "Blessed are 12the merciful, for they shall receive mercy.
      8 "Blessed are 13the pure in heart, for 14they shall see God.
      9 "Blessed are 15the peacemakers, for 16they shall be called 17sonsa of God.

      References for Matthew 5:9

        • l 5:9 - Greek huioi; see preface
          10 18"Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness' sake, for 19theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

          References for Matthew 5:10

              11 20"Blessed are you when others revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you falsely 21on my account.

              References for Matthew 5:11

              12 22Rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven, for 23so they persecuted the prophets who were before you.

              Salt and Light

              13 "You are the salt of the earth, 24but if salt has lost its taste, how shall its saltiness be restored? It is no longer good for anything except to be thrown out and trampled under people's feet.

              References for Matthew 5:13

              14 25"You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden.

              References for Matthew 5:14

              15 26Nor do people light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on a stand, and it gives light to all in the house.

              References for Matthew 5:15

              16 In the same way, let your light shine before others, so 27that they may see your good works and 28give glory to your Father who is in heaven.

              Christ Came to Fulfill the Law

              17 29"Do not think that I have come to abolish 30the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but 31to fulfill them.

              References for Matthew 5:17

              18 For truly, I say to you, 32until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished.

              References for Matthew 5:18

              19 33Therefore whoever relaxes 34one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least 35in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever does them and teaches them will be called great 36in the kingdom of heaven.
              20 For I tell you, unless your righteousness exceeds 37that of the scribes and Pharisees, you 38will never enter the kingdom of heaven.

              References for Matthew 5:20


              21 39"You have heard that it was said to those of old, 40'You shall not murder; and whoever murders will be liable 41to judgment.'

              References for Matthew 5:21

                  22 But I say to you that 42everyone who is angry with his brotherb will be liable 43to judgment; whoever insultsc his brother will be liable to the council; and whoever says, 'You fool!' will be liable to 44the helld of fire.

                  References for Matthew 5:22

                    • m 5:22 - Some manuscripts insert without cause
                    • n 5:22 - Greek says Raca to (a term of abuse)
                    • o 5:22 - Greek Gehenna; also verses 29, 30
                      23 45So if 46you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you,

                      References for Matthew 5:23

                      24 leave your gift there before the altar and go. First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift.
                      25 47Come to terms quickly with your accuser while you are going with him to court, lest your accuser hand you over to the judge, and the judge to the guard, and you be put in prison.

                      References for Matthew 5:25

                      26 Truly, I say to you, 48you will never get out until you have paid the last penny.e

                      References for Matthew 5:26

                        • p 5:26 - Greek kodrantes, Roman copper coin (Latin quadrans) worth about 1/64 of a denarius (which was a day's wage for a laborer)


                          27 49"You have heard that it was said, 50'You shall not commit adultery.'

                          References for Matthew 5:27

                              28 But I say to you that 51everyone who looks at a woman with lustful intent has already committed adultery with her in his heart.

                              References for Matthew 5:28

                              29 52If your right eye 53causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away. For it is better that you lose one of your members than that your whole body be thrown into 54hell.

                              References for Matthew 5:29

                              30 55And if your right hand 56causes you to sin, cut it off and throw it away. For it is better that you lose one of your members than that your whole body go into 57hell.

                              References for Matthew 5:30

                                • 198 5:30 - [See ver. 29 above]
                                • 199 5:30 - [See ver. 29 above]
                                • 200 5:30 - [See ver. 29 above]


                                  31 58"It was also said, 59'Whoever divorces his wife, let him give her a certificate of divorce.'

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                                      32 60But I say to you that everyone who divorces his wife, except on the ground of sexual immorality, makes her commit adultery, and 61whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.

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                                      33 "Again 62you have heard that it was said to those of old, 63'You shall not swear falsely, but 64shall perform to the Lord what you have sworn.'

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                                      34 But I say to you, 65Do not take an oath at all, either by heaven, for 66it is the throne of God,

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                                      35 or by the earth, for it is his footstool, or by Jerusalem, for it is 67the city of the great King.

                                      References for Matthew 5:35

                                      36 And do not take an oath by your head, for you cannot make one hair white or black.
                                      37 Let what you say be simply 'Yes' or 'No'; 68anything more than this comes from evil.f

                                      References for Matthew 5:37

                                        • q 5:37 - Or the evil one


                                          38 69"You have heard that it was said, 70'An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.'

                                          References for Matthew 5:38

                                              39 But I say to you, 71Do not resist the one who is evil. But 72if anyone 73slaps you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also.

                                              References for Matthew 5:39

                                              40 And 74if anyone would sue you and take your tunic,g let him have your cloak as well.

                                              References for Matthew 5:40

                                                • 217 5:40 - [See ver. 39 above]
                                                • r 5:40 - Greek chiton, a long garment worn under the cloak next to the skin
                                                  41 And if anyone 75forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles.

                                                  References for Matthew 5:41

                                                  42 76Give to the one who begs from you, and 77do not refuse the one who would borrow from you.

                                                  Love Your Enemies

                                                  43 78"You have heard that it was said, 79'You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.'

                                                  References for Matthew 5:43

                                                      44 But I say to you, 80Love your enemies and 81pray for those who persecute you,
                                                      45 82so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven. For he makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good, and 83sends rain on the just and on the unjust.

                                                      References for Matthew 5:45

                                                      46 84For if you love those who love you, what reward do you have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same?

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                                                      47 And if you greet only your brothers,h what more are you doing than others? Do not even 85the Gentiles do the same?

                                                      References for Matthew 5:47

                                                        • s 5:47 - Or brothers and sisters. The plural Greek word adelphoi (translated "brothers") refers to siblings in a family. In New Testament usage, depending on the context, adelphoi may refer either to brothers or to brothers and sisters
                                                          48 86You therefore must be 87perfect, 88as your heavenly Father is perfect.