1Give ear, O my people, to my teaching; incline your ears to the words of my mouth!
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2I will open my mouth 3in a parable; I will utter dark sayings from of old,
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things that we have heard and known, that our 4fathers have told us.
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We will not 5hide them from their children, but 6tell to the coming generation the glorious deeds of the LORD, and his might, and 7the wonders that he has done.
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He established 8a testimony in 9Jacob and appointed a law in 10Israel, which he commanded our fathers to teach to their children,
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that 11the next generation might know them, the children yet unborn, and arise and tell them to their children,
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so that they should set their hope in God and not forget 12the works of God, but 13keep his commandments;
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and that they should not be 14like their fathers, 15a stubborn and rebellious generation, a generation 16whose heart was not steadfast, whose spirit was not faithful to God.
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The Ephraimites, armed with the bow, 17turned back on the day of battle.
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They 18did not keep God's covenant, but refused to walk according to his law.
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They 19forgot his works and 20the wonders that he had shown them.
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In the sight of their fathers 21he performed wonders in the land of Egypt, in 22the fields of Zoan.
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He 23divided the sea and let them pass through it, and made the waters 24stand like a heap.
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25In the daytime he led them with a cloud, and all the night with a fiery light.
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He 26split rocks in the wilderness and gave them drink abundantly as from the deep.
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He made streams come out of 27the rock and caused waters to flow down like rivers.
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Yet they sinned still more against him, 28rebelling against the Most High in the desert.
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They 29tested God in their heart by demanding the food they craved.
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They spoke against God, saying, 30"Can God 31spread a table in the wilderness?
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32He struck the rock so that water gushed out and streams overflowed. Can he also give bread or provide meat for his people?"
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Therefore, when the LORD heard, he was full of wrath; 33a fire was kindled against Jacob; his anger rose against Israel,
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because they 34did not believe in God and did not trust his saving power.
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ver. 8, 32, 37
Yet he commanded the skies above and 35opened the doors of heaven,
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and he 36rained down on them manna to eat and gave them 37the grain of heaven.
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Man ate of the bread of 38the angels; he sent them food 39in abundance.
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He 40caused the east wind to blow in the heavens, and by his power he led out the south wind;
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he rained meat on them like 41dust, winged birds like 42the sand of the seas;
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he 43let them fall in the midst of their camp, all around their dwellings.
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And they 44ate and were well filled, for he gave them what they 45craved.
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But before they had satisfied their craving, 46while the food was still in their mouths,
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the anger of God rose against them, and he killed 47the strongest of them and laid low 48the young men of Israel.
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In spite of all this, they 49still sinned; 50despite his wonders, they did not believe.
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So he made 51their days 52vanish like a breath, and their years in terror.
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When he killed them, they 53sought him; they repented and sought God earnestly.
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They remembered that God was their 54rock, the Most High God their 55redeemer.
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But they 56flattered him with their mouths; they 57lied to him with their tongues.
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Their 58heart was not 59steadfast toward him; they were not faithful to his covenant.
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Yet he, being 60compassionate, 61atoned for their iniquity and did not destroy them; he restrained his anger often and did not stir up all his wrath.
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He 62remembered that they were but 63flesh, 64a wind that passes and comes not again.
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How often they 65rebelled against him in the wilderness and 66grieved him in 67the desert!
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They 68tested God again and again and provoked 69the Holy One of Israel.
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They 70did not remember his power or the day when he redeemed them from the foe,
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71when he performed his 72signs in Egypt and his 73marvels in 74the fields of Zoan.
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He 75turned their rivers to blood, so that they could not drink of their streams.
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He sent among them swarms of 76flies, which devoured them, and 77frogs, which destroyed them.
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He gave their crops to 78the destroying locust and the fruit of their labor to the locust.
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He destroyed their vines with 79hail and their sycamores with frost.
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He gave over their 80cattle to the hail and their flocks to thunderbolts.
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He let loose on them his burning anger, wrath, indignation, and distress, a company of 81destroying angels.
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He made a path for his anger; he did not spare them from death, but gave their lives over to the plague.
He struck down every 82firstborn in Egypt, the firstfruits of their strength in the tents of 83Ham.
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Then he led out his people 84like sheep and guided them in the wilderness like a flock.
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85He led them in safety, so that they 86were not afraid, but 87the sea overwhelmed their enemies.
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And he brought them to his 88holy land, 89to the mountain which his right hand had 90won.
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He 91drove out nations before them; he 92apportioned them for a possession and settled the tribes of Israel in their tents.
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Yet they 93tested and 94rebelled against the Most High God and did not keep his testimonies,
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but turned away and acted treacherously like their fathers; they twisted like 95a deceitful bow.
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For they 96provoked him to anger with their 97high places; they 98moved him to jealousy with their 99idols.
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When God heard, he was full of 100wrath, and he utterly rejected Israel.
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He 101forsook his dwelling at 102Shiloh, the tent where he dwelt among mankind,
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and delivered his 103power to captivity, his 104glory to the hand of the foe.
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He 105gave his people over to the sword and 106vented his wrath on his heritage.
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107Fire devoured their young men, and their young women had no 108marriage song.
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Their 109priests fell by the sword, and their 110widows made no lamentation.
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Then the Lord 111awoke as from sleep, like a strong man shouting because of wine.
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And he 112put his adversaries to rout; he put them to everlasting shame.
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He rejected the tent of 113Joseph; he did not choose the tribe of Ephraim,
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but he chose the tribe of Judah, Mount Zion, which he 114loves.
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He 115built his sanctuary like the high heavens, like the earth, which he has founded forever.
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He 116chose David his servant and took him from the sheepfolds;
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from 117following the nursing ewes he brought him to 118shepherd Jacob his people, Israel his 119inheritance.
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With 120upright heart he shepherded them and 121guided them with his skillful hand.
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