When two full years had passed, Pharaoh had a dream:1 He was standing by the Nile,22
when out of the river there came up seven cows, sleek and fat,3 and they grazed among the reeds.43
After them, seven other cows, ugly and gaunt, came up out of the Nile and stood beside those on the riverbank.
And the cows that were ugly and gaunt ate up the seven sleek, fat cows. Then Pharaoh woke up.55
He fell asleep again and had a second dream: Seven heads of grain,6 healthy and good, were growing on a single stalk.
After them, seven other heads of grain sprouted--thin and scorched by the east wind.77
The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven healthy, full heads. Then Pharaoh woke up;8 it had been a dream.
In the morning his mind was troubled,9 so he sent for all the magicians10 and wise men of Egypt. Pharaoh told them his dreams, but no one could interpret them for him.119
Then the chief cupbearer said to Pharaoh, "Today I am reminded of my shortcomings.1210
Pharaoh was once angry with his servants,13 and he imprisoned me and the chief baker in the house of the captain of the guard.1411
Each of us had a dream the same night, and each dream had a meaning of its own.1512
Now a young Hebrew16 was there with us, a servant of the captain of the guard.17 We told him our dreams, and he interpreted them for us, giving each man the interpretation of his dream.1813
And things turned out exactly as he interpreted them to us: I was restored to my position, and the other man was hanged.a19"
So Pharaoh sent for Joseph, and he was quickly brought from the dungeon.20 When he had shaved21 and changed his clothes,22 he came before Pharaoh.
Pharaoh said to Joseph, "I had a dream, and no one can interpret it.23 But I have heard it said of you that when you hear a dream you can interpret it."2416
"I cannot do it," Joseph replied to Pharaoh, "but God will give Pharaoh the answer he desires."2517
Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, "In my dream I was standing on the bank of the Nile,2618
when out of the river there came up seven cows, fat and sleek, and they grazed among the reeds.2719
After them, seven other cows came up--scrawny and very ugly and lean. I had never seen such ugly cows in all the land of Egypt.
The lean, ugly cows ate up the seven fat cows that came up first.
But even after they ate them, no one could tell that they had done so; they looked just as ugly as before. Then I woke up.
"In my dreams I also saw seven heads of grain, full and good, growing on a single stalk.
After them, seven other heads sprouted--withered and thin and scorched by the east wind.
The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven good heads. I told this to the magicians, but none could explain it to me.28"
Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, "The dreams of Pharaoh are one and the same.29 God has revealed to Pharaoh what he is about to do.3026
The seven good cows31 are seven years, and the seven good heads of grain are seven years; it is one and the same dream.
The seven lean, ugly cows that came up afterward are seven years, and so are the seven worthless heads of grain scorched by the east wind: They are seven years of famine.3228
"It is just as I said to Pharaoh: God has shown Pharaoh what he is about to do.3329
Seven years of great abundance34 are coming throughout the land of Egypt,
but seven years of famine35 will follow them. Then all the abundance in Egypt will be forgotten, and the famine will ravage the land.3631
The abundance in the land will not be remembered, because the famine that follows it will be so severe.
The reason the dream was given to Pharaoh in two forms is that the matter has been firmly decided37 by God, and God will do it soon.3833
"And now let Pharaoh look for a discerning and wise man39 and put him in charge of the land of Egypt.4034
Let Pharaoh appoint commissioners41 over the land to take a fifth42 of the harvest of Egypt during the seven years of abundance.4335
They should collect all the food of these good years that are coming and store up the grain under the authority of Pharaoh, to be kept in the cities for food.4436
This food should be held in reserve for the country, to be used during the seven years of famine that will come upon Egypt,45 so that the country may not be ruined by the famine."
The plan seemed good to Pharaoh and to all his officials.4638
So Pharaoh asked them, "Can we find anyone like this man, one in whom is the spirit of Godb ?"4739
Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, "Since God has made all this known to you,48 there is no one so discerning and wise as you.4940
You shall be in charge of my palace,50 and all my people are to submit to your orders.51 Only with respect to the throne will I be greater than you.52"
So Pharaoh said to Joseph, "I hereby put you in charge of the whole land of Egypt."5342
Then Pharaoh took his signet ring54 from his finger and put it on Joseph's finger. He dressed him in robes55 of fine linen56 and put a gold chain around his neck.5743
He had him ride in a chariot58 as his second-in-command,c59 and men shouted before him, "Make wayd !"60 Thus he put him in charge of the whole land of Egypt.6144
Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, "I am Pharaoh, but without your word no one will lift hand or foot in all Egypt."6245
Pharaoh gave Joseph63 the name Zaphenath-Paneah and gave him Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest64 of On,e65 to be his wife.66 And Joseph went throughout the land of Egypt.
Joseph was thirty years old67 when he entered the service68 of Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from Pharaoh's presence and traveled throughout Egypt.
During the seven years of abundance69 the land produced plentifully.
Joseph collected all the food produced in those seven years of abundance in Egypt and stored it in the cities.70 In each city he put the food grown in the fields surrounding it.
Joseph stored up huge quantities of grain, like the sand of the sea;71 it was so much that he stopped keeping records because it was beyond measure.
Before the years of famine came, two sons were born to Joseph by Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On.7251
Joseph named his firstborn73 Manassehf74 and said, "It is because God has made me forget all my trouble and all my father's household."
The second son he named Ephraimg75 and said, "It is because God has made me fruitful76 in the land of my suffering."
The seven years of abundance in Egypt came to an end,
and the seven years of famine77 began,78 just as Joseph had said. There was famine in all the other lands, but in the whole land of Egypt there was food.
When all Egypt began to feel the famine,79 the people cried to Pharaoh for food. Then Pharaoh told all the Egyptians, "Go to Joseph and do what he tells you."8056
When the famine had spread over the whole country, Joseph opened the storehouses and sold grain to the Egyptians,81 for the famine82 was severe throughout Egypt.8357
And all the countries came to Egypt to buy grain from Joseph,84 because the famine was severe in all the world.85