What follows is an account of how the land of Canaan west of the Jordan was divided among the people of Israel. Eleazar the priest, Joshua son of Nun, and the leaders of the families of the Israelite tribes divided it among the population.
As the Lord had commanded Moses, the territories of the nine and one-half tribes west of the Jordan were determined by drawing lots. 1
References for Joshua 14:2
14.2 Nu 26.52-56; 34.13.
Moses had already assigned the land east of the Jordan to the other two and one-half tribes. (The descendants of Joseph were divided into two tribes: Manasseh and Ephraim.) However, Moses gave the Levites no portion of the territory. Instead, they received cities to live in, with fields for their cattle and flocks. 2
References for Joshua 14:3
14.3, 4 Nu 32.33; 34.14, 15; Dt 3.12-17.
The people of Israel divided the land as the Lord had commanded Moses.
One day some people from the tribe of Judah came to Joshua at Gilgal. One of them, Caleb son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite, said to him, "You know what the Lord said in Kadesh Barnea about you and me to Moses, the man of God. 3
References for Joshua 14:6
I was forty years old when the Lord's servant Moses sent me from Kadesh Barnea to spy out this land. I brought an honest report back to him. 4
References for Joshua 14:7
14.7 Nu 13.1-30.