Jeremiah 52 NIV

The Fall of Jerusalem

52:1-3pp -- 2Ki 24:18-20; 2Ch 36:11-16 52:4-16pp -- Jer 39:1-10 52:4-21pp -- 2Ki 25:1-21; 2Ch 36:17-20

1 Zedekiah1 was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem eleven years. His mother's name was Hamutal daughter of Jeremiah; she was from Libnah.2

References for Jeremiah 52:1

2 He did evil in the eyes of the LORD, just as Jehoiakim3 had done.

References for Jeremiah 52:2

3 It was because of the LORD's anger that all this happened to Jerusalem and Judah,4 and in the end he thrust them from his presence.5 Now Zedekiah rebelled6 against the king of Babylon.

References for Jeremiah 52:3

4 So in the ninth year of Zedekiah's reign, on the tenth7 day of the tenth month, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon marched against Jerusalem8 with his whole army. They camped outside the city and built siege works9 all around it.10

References for Jeremiah 52:4

5 The city was kept under siege until the eleventh year of King Zedekiah.
6 By the ninth day of the fourth month the famine in the city had become so severe that there was no food for the people to eat.11

References for Jeremiah 52:6

7 Then the city wall was broken through, and the whole army fled.12 They left the city at night through the gate between the two walls near the king's garden, though the Babyloniansa were surrounding the city. They fled toward the Arabah,b

References for Jeremiah 52:7

    • a 52:7 - Or "Chaldeans"; also in verse 17
    • b 52:7 - Or "the Jordan Valley"
      8 but the Babylonianc army pursued King Zedekiah and overtook him in the plains of Jericho. All his soldiers were separated from him and scattered,

      References for Jeremiah 52:8

        • c 52:8 - Or "Chaldean"; also in verse 14
          9 and he was captured.13 He was taken to the king of Babylon at Riblah14 in the land of Hamath,15 where he pronounced sentence on him.

          References for Jeremiah 52:9

          10 There at Riblah the king of Babylon slaughtered the sons16 of Zedekiah before his eyes; he also killed all the officials of Judah.

          References for Jeremiah 52:10

          11 Then he put out Zedekiah's eyes, bound him with bronze shackles and took him to Babylon, where he put him in prison till the day of his death.17

          References for Jeremiah 52:11

          12 On the tenth day of the fifth18 month, in the nineteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, Nebuzaradan19 commander of the imperial guard, who served the king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem.

          References for Jeremiah 52:12

          13 He set fire20 to the temple21 of the LORD, the royal palace and all the houses22 of Jerusalem. Every important building he burned down.

          References for Jeremiah 52:13

          14 The whole Babylonian army under the commander of the imperial guard broke down all the walls23 around Jerusalem.

          References for Jeremiah 52:14

          15 Nebuzaradan the commander of the guard carried into exile24 some of the poorest people and those who remained in the city, along with the rest of the craftsmend and those who had gone over25 to the king of Babylon.

          References for Jeremiah 52:15

            • d 52:15 - Or "populace"
              16 But Nebuzaradan left behind26 the rest of the poorest people of the land to work the vineyards and fields.

              References for Jeremiah 52:16

              17 The Babylonians broke up the bronze pillars,27 the movable stands28 and the bronze Sea29 that were at the temple of the LORD and they carried all the bronze to Babylon.30

              References for Jeremiah 52:17

              18 They also took away the pots, shovels, wick trimmers, sprinkling bowls,31 dishes and all the bronze articles used in the temple service.32

              References for Jeremiah 52:18

              19 The commander of the imperial guard took away the basins, censers,33 sprinkling bowls, pots, lampstands,34 dishes35 and bowls used for drink offerings36--all that were made of pure gold or silver.37

              References for Jeremiah 52:19

              20 The bronze from the two pillars, the Sea and the twelve bronze bulls38 under it, and the movable stands, which King Solomon had made for the temple of the LORD, was more than could be weighed.39

              References for Jeremiah 52:20

              21 Each of the pillars was eighteen cubits high and twelve cubits in circumferencee; each was four fingers thick, and hollow.40

              References for Jeremiah 52:21

                • e 52:21 - That is, about 27 feet (about 8.1 meters) high and 18 feet (about 5.4 meters) in circumference
                  22 The bronze capital41 on top of the one pillar was five cubitsf high and was decorated with a network and pomegranates42 of bronze all around. The other pillar, with its pomegranates, was similar.

                  References for Jeremiah 52:22

                    • f 52:22 - That is, about 7 1/2 feet (about 2.3 meters)
                      23 There were ninety-six pomegranates on the sides; the total number of pomegranates43 above the surrounding network was a hundred.44

                      References for Jeremiah 52:23

                      24 The commander of the guard took as prisoners Seraiah45 the chief priest, Zephaniah46 the priest next in rank and the three doorkeepers.47

                      References for Jeremiah 52:24

                      25 Of those still in the city, he took the officer in charge of the fighting men, and seven royal advisers. He also took the secretary48 who was chief officer in charge of conscripting the people of the land and sixty of his men who were found in the city.

                      References for Jeremiah 52:25

                      26 Nebuzaradan49 the commander took them all and brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah.

                      References for Jeremiah 52:26

                          27 There at Riblah,50 in the land of Hamath, the king had them executed. So Judah went into captivity, away51 from her land.

                          References for Jeremiah 52:27

                          28 This is the number of the people Nebuchadnezzar carried into exile:52 in the seventh year, 3,023 Jews;

                          References for Jeremiah 52:28

                          29 in Nebuchadnezzar's eighteenth year, 832 people from Jerusalem;
                          30 in his twenty-third year, 745 Jews taken into exile by Nebuzaradan the commander of the imperial guard. There were 4,600 people in all.53

                          References for Jeremiah 52:30

                          Jehoiachin Released

                          52:31-34pp -- 2Ki 25:27-30

                          31 In the thirty-seventh year of the exile of Jehoiachin54 king of Judah, in the year Evil-Merodachg became king of Babylon, he released Jehoiachin king of Judah and freed him from prison on the twenty-fifth day of the twelfth month.

                          References for Jeremiah 52:31

                            • g 52:31 - Also called "Amel-Marduk"
                              32 He spoke kindly to him and gave him a seat of honor higher than those of the other kings who were with him in Babylon.
                              33 So Jehoiachin put aside his prison clothes and for the rest of his life ate regularly at the king's table.55

                              References for Jeremiah 52:33

                              34 Day by day the king of Babylon gave Jehoiachin a regular allowance56 as long as he lived, till the day of his death.

                              References for Jeremiah 52:34