Deuteronomy 31 LEB

Succession, Deposition, and Recitation of Text

1 And Moses went and spoke these words to all Israel.

References for Deuteronomy 31:1

      2 And he said to them, "I am [a] hundred and twenty years old {today};a I am not able to go out and to come [in] [any] longer, and Yahweh said to me, 'You may not cross this Jordan.'

      References for Deuteronomy 31:2

        • ֘ 31:2 - Literally "the day"
          3 Yahweh your God [is about to] cross {before you};b he will destroy these nations {before you},c and you shall dispossess them. Joshua [will be] crossing {before you},d [just] as Yahweh {promised}.e

          References for Deuteronomy 31:3

            • ֙ 31:3 - Literally "to the face of you"
            • ֚ 31:3 - Literally "to the face of you"
            • ֛ 31:3 - Literally "to the face of you"
            • ֜ 31:3 - Literally "spoke"
              4 And Yahweh will do to them [just] as he did to Sihon and to Og, kings of the Amorites, and to their land, which he destroyed with them.
              5 And Yahweh {will deliver them to you before you},f and you shall do to them according to every commandment that I have commanded you.

              References for Deuteronomy 31:5

                • ֝ 31:5 - Literally "will give them Yahweh to the face of you"
                  6 Be strong and be courageous; you should not be afraid, and you {should not be in dread from their presence},g for Yahweh your God [is] the [one] going with you; he will not leave you alone and he will not forsake you."

                  References for Deuteronomy 31:6

                    • ֞ 31:6 - Literally "not you should dread from their face"
                      7 Then Moses summoned Joshua, and he said to him {in the presence of all Israel},h "Be strong and be courageous, for you will go with this people into the land that Yahweh swore to their ancestorsi to give to them, and you will give it to them as an inheritance.

                      References for Deuteronomy 31:7

                        • ֟ 31:7 - Literally "before the eyes of all Israel"
                        • ֠ 31:7 - Or "their fathers"
                          8 Yahweh [is] the [one] going {before you};j he will be with you, and he will not leave you alone, and he will not forsake you; you shall not be afraid, and you shall not be discouraged."

                          References for Deuteronomy 31:8

                            • ֡ 31:8 - Literally "to the face of you"
                              9 So Moses wrote this law, and he gave it to the priests, the descendantsk of Levi, the [ones] carrying the ark of the covenant of Yahweh, and to all the elders of Israel.

                              References for Deuteronomy 31:9

                                • ֢ 31:9 - Or "sons"
                                  10 Then Moses commanded them, {saying},l "At the end of seven years, in the time of the year for canceling debts during the Feast of Booths,

                                  References for Deuteronomy 31:10

                                    • ֣ 31:10 - Literally "to say"
                                      11 {when all Israel comes to appear before}m Yahweh their God at the place that he will choose, you shall read this law before all Israel {in their hearing}.n

                                      References for Deuteronomy 31:11

                                        • ֤ 31:11 - Literally "at/in the coming of all of Israel to see"
                                        • ֥ 31:11 - Literally "in their ears"
                                          12 Assemble the people, the men and the women and the little children and your aliens that are in your {towns},o so that they may hear and so that they may learn and they may revere Yahweh your God, and {they shall diligently observe}p all the words of this law.

                                          References for Deuteronomy 31:12

                                            • ֦ 31:12 - Literally "gates"
                                            • ֧ 31:12 - Literally "they shall keep to do"
                                              13 And [then] their children,q who have not known, they [too] may hear, and they may learn to revere Yahweh their God all the days {that you live}r on the land that you [are] crossing the Jordan {to get there}s to take possession of it."

                                              References for Deuteronomy 31:13

                                                • ֨ 31:13 - Hebrew "child"
                                                • ֩ 31:13 - Literally "that you are alive"
                                                • ֪ 31:13 - Literally "there"
                                                  14 Then Yahweh said to Moses, "Look, {you are about to die};t call Joshua and present yourselves in [the] tent of assembly,u so that I may instruct him." So Moses and Joshua went and presented themselves inv [the] tent of assembly.w

                                                  References for Deuteronomy 31:14

                                                    • ֫ 31:14 - Literally "are near your days to die"
                                                    • ֬ 31:14 - Or "meeting"
                                                    • ֭ 31:14 - Or "at"
                                                    • ֮ 31:14 - Or "meeting"
                                                      15 And Yahweh appeared in the tent in a column of cloud, and the column of the cloud stood at the entrance of the tent.
                                                      16 And Yahweh said to Moses, "Look, you [are] about to lie [down] with your ancestors,x and this people will arise and theyy will play the prostitute after {the foreign gods}z of the land {to which they are going}.{

                                                      References for Deuteronomy 31:16

                                                        • ֯ 31:16 - Or "fathers"
                                                        • ְ 31:16 - Hebrew "he"
                                                        • ֱ 31:16 - Literally "the gods of the foreigner/foreign person of the land"
                                                        • ֲ 31:16 - Literally "which he is going to"
                                                          17 And {my anger shall flare up against them}| on that day, and I will forsake them, and I will hide my face from them, and they} shall become as prey, and disasters and troubles shall find~ them, and they€ shall say on that day, '[Is it] not because our God is not in our‚ midst [that] these disasters have foundƒ us?'„

                                                          References for Deuteronomy 31:17

                                                            • ֳ 31:17 - Literally "shall become my nose against it/him"
                                                            • ִ 31:17 - Hebrew "he"
                                                            • ֵ 31:17 - Or "encounter"
                                                            • ֶ 31:17 - Hebrew "him"
                                                            • ַ 31:17 - Hebrew "he"
                                                            • ָ 31:17 - Hebrew "my" but represents all the people
                                                            • ֹ 31:17 - Hebrew "my"
                                                            • ֺ 31:17 - Or "encountered"
                                                            • ֻ 31:17 - Hebrew "me"
                                                              18 But I will certainly hide my face on that day, because [of] all of the evil that they… did because they† turned to other gods.

                                                              References for Deuteronomy 31:18

                                                                  19 "And so then write this song for yourselves and teach it to the {Israelites};‡ put it in their mouth, so that this song may be for me as a witness against the {Israelites}.ˆ

                                                                  References for Deuteronomy 31:19

                                                                    • ־ 31:19 - Literally "sons/children of Israel"
                                                                    • ֿ 31:19 - Literally "sons/children of Israel"
                                                                      20 For when I bring them‰ into the land that I swore to theirŠ ancestors,‹ a land flowing with milk and honey, {they will eat their fill},Œ and they will become fat, and [then] theyŽ will turn to other gods, and they will serve them, and they will spurn me, and they will break my covenant.

                                                                      References for Deuteronomy 31:20

                                                                        • ׀ 31:20 - Hebrew "him," referring to the people
                                                                        • ׁ 31:20 - Hebrew "his"
                                                                        • ׂ 31:20 - Or "fathers"
                                                                        • ׃ 31:20 - Literally "he will eat and he will be satisfied"
                                                                        • ׄ 31:20 - Hebrew "he"
                                                                        • ׅ 31:20 - Hebrew "he"
                                                                        • ׆ 31:20 - Hebrew "he"
                                                                          21 {And then} many disasters and troubles will come upon them,‘ and this song will give evidence before them’ as a witness, because it will not be forgotten from [out of] the mouth of their descendants,“ for I know their” inclination that they• [are] having {today}– before I have brought them— into the land that I swore."

                                                                          References for Deuteronomy 31:21

                                                                            • ׇ 31:21 - Literally "And it shall happen"
                                                                            • ׈ 31:21 - Hebrew "him"
                                                                            • ׉ 31:21 - Hebrew "him"
                                                                            • ׊ 31:21 - Hebrew "his offspring/descendant"
                                                                            • ׋ 31:21 - Hebrew "his"
                                                                            • ׌ 31:21 - Hebrew "he"
                                                                            • ׍ 31:21 - Literally "the day"
                                                                            • ׎ 31:21 - Hebrew "him"
                                                                              22 And Moses wrote this song on that day and taught it [to] the {Israelites}.˜

                                                                              References for Deuteronomy 31:22

                                                                                • ׏ 31:22 - Literally "sons/children of Israel"
                                                                                  23 Then he™ told Joshua the son of Nun, and said [to him], "Be strong and be courageous, for you shall bring the {Israelites}š into the land that I swore to them, and I will be with you."

                                                                                  References for Deuteronomy 31:23

                                                                                    • א 31:23 - That is, Yahweh
                                                                                    • ב 31:23 - Literally "sons/children of Israel"
                                                                                      24 {And then when Moses finished writing}› the words of this law on the scroll {until they were complete},œ

                                                                                      References for Deuteronomy 31:24

                                                                                        • ג 31:24 - Literally "And it happened as/when to finish Moses to write"
                                                                                        • ד 31:24 - Literally "until their to be complete/"
                                                                                          25 then Moses commanded the Levites carrying the ark of the covenant of Yahweh, {saying},

                                                                                          References for Deuteronomy 31:25

                                                                                            • ה 31:25 - Literally "to say"
                                                                                              26 "Take the scroll of this law and put it at the side of the ark of the covenant of Yahweh your God, and it will be there as a witness against you.
                                                                                              27 For I know your rebellion and your stiff neck [even now] while I [am] still alive with you {today},ž rebelling against Yahweh, and {how much more}Ÿ after my death.

                                                                                              References for Deuteronomy 31:27

                                                                                                • ו 31:27 - Literally "the day"
                                                                                                • ז 31:27 - Literally "and also for/indeed"
                                                                                                  28 Assemble to me all the elders of your tribes and your officials, so that I may speak in their ears these words, and [that] I may call as witness against them heaven and earth.
                                                                                                  29 For I know that after my death you will certainly act corruptly, and you will turn aside from the way that I have commanded you, and the disaster in the future days will befall you, because you will do evil  in the eyes of Yahweh, {provoking him with the work of your hands}."¡

                                                                                                  References for Deuteronomy 31:29

                                                                                                    • ח 31:29 - Hebrew "the evil"; the definite article indicates the general concept of evil
                                                                                                    • ט 31:29 - Literally "to provoke him with/by the work of your hands"
                                                                                                      30 So Moses spoke into the ears of the assembly of Israel the words of this song {until they were complete}.¢

                                                                                                      References for Deuteronomy 31:30

                                                                                                        • י 31:30 - Literally "until their to be complete"