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Deuteronomy 31 (Lexham English Bible)

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Succession, Deposition, and Recitation of Text

1 And Moses went and spoke these words to all Israel. 2 And he said to them, "I am [a] hundred and twenty years old {today};a I am not able to go out and to come [in] [any] longer, and Yahweh said to me, 'You may not cross this Jordan.' 3 Yahweh your God [is about to] cross {before you};b he will destroy these nations {before you},c and you shall dispossess them. Joshua [will be] crossing {before you},d [just] as Yahweh {promised}.e 4 And Yahweh will do to them [just] as he did to Sihon and to Og, kings of the Amorites, and to their land, which he destroyed with them. 5 And Yahweh {will deliver them to you before you},f and you shall do to them according to every commandment that I have commanded you. 6 Be strong and be courageous; you should not be afraid, and you {should not be in dread from their presence},g for Yahweh your God [is] the [one] going with you; he will not leave you alone and he will not forsake you." 7 Then Moses summoned Joshua, and he said to him {in the presence of all Israel},h "Be strong and be courageous, for you will go with this people into the land that Yahweh swore to their ancestorsi to give to them, and you will give it to them as an inheritance. 8 Yahweh [is] the [one] going {before you};j he will be with you, and he will not leave you alone, and he will not forsake you; you shall not be afraid, and you shall not be discouraged." 9 So Moses wrote this law, and he gave it to the priests, the descendantsk of Levi, the [ones] carrying the ark of the covenant of Yahweh, and to all the elders of Israel. 10 Then Moses commanded them, {saying},l "At the end of seven years, in the time of the year for canceling debts during the Feast of Booths, 11 {when all Israel comes to appear before}m Yahweh their God at the place that he will choose, you shall read this law before all Israel {in their hearing}.n 12 Assemble the people, the men and the women and the little children and your aliens that are in your {towns},o so that they may hear and so that they may learn and they may revere Yahweh your God, and {they shall diligently observe}p all the words of this law. 13 And [then] their children,q who have not known, they [too] may hear, and they may learn to revere Yahweh their God all the days {that you live}r on the land that you [are] crossing the Jordan {to get there}s to take possession of it." 14 Then Yahweh said to Moses, "Look, {you are about to die};t call Joshua and present yourselves in [the] tent of assembly,u so that I may instruct him." So Moses and Joshua went and presented themselves inv [the] tent of assembly.w 15 And Yahweh appeared in the tent in a column of cloud, and the column of the cloud stood at the entrance of the tent. 16 And Yahweh said to Moses, "Look, you [are] about to lie [down] with your ancestors,x and this people will arise and theyy will play the prostitute after {the foreign gods}z of the land {to which they are going}.aa 17 And {my anger shall flare up against them}bb on that day, and I will forsake them, and I will hide my face from them, and theycc shall become as prey, and disasters and troubles shall finddd them,ee and theyff shall say on that day, '[Is it] not because ourgg God is not in ourhh midst [that] these disasters have foundii us?'jj 18 But I will certainly hide my face on that day, because [of] all of the evil that theykk did because theyll turned to other gods. 19 "And so then write this song for yourselves and teach it to the {Israelites};mm put it in their mouth, so that this song may be for me as a witness against the {Israelites}.nn 20 For when I bring themoo into the land that I swore to theirpp ancestors,qq a land flowing with milk and honey, {they will eat their fill},rr and theyss will become fat, and [then] theytt will turn to other gods, and they will serve them, and they will spurn me, and theyuu will break my covenant. 21 {And then}vv many disasters and troubles will come upon them,ww and this song will give evidence before themxx as a witness, because it will not be forgotten from [out of] the mouth of their descendants,yy for I know theirzz inclination that they52 [are] having {today}53 before I have brought them54 into the land that I swore." 22 And Moses wrote this song on that day and taught it [to] the {Israelites}.55 23 Then he56 told Joshua the son of Nun, and said [to him], "Be strong and be courageous, for you shall bring the {Israelites}57 into the land that I swore to them, and I will be with you." 24 {And then when Moses finished writing}58 the words of this law on the scroll {until they were complete},59 25 then Moses commanded the Levites carrying the ark of the covenant of Yahweh, {saying},60 26 "Take the scroll of this law and put it at the side of the ark of the covenant of Yahweh your God, and it will be there as a witness against you. 27 For I know your rebellion and your stiff neck [even now] while I [am] still alive with you {today},61 rebelling against Yahweh, and {how much more}62 after my death. 28 Assemble to me all the elders of your tribes and your officials, so that I may speak in their ears these words, and [that] I may call as witness against them heaven and earth. 29 For I know that after my death you will certainly act corruptly, and you will turn aside from the way that I have commanded you, and the disaster in the future days will befall you, because you will do evil63 in the eyes of Yahweh, {provoking him with the work of your hands}."64 30 So Moses spoke into the ears of the assembly of Israel the words of this song {until they were complete}.65
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