Ephesians 2:12 LEB

12 that you were at that time apart from Christ, alienated from the citizenship of Israel, and strangers to the covenants of promise, not having hope, and without God in the world.

Study tools for Ephesians 2:12

  • a 2:1 - Literally "and you being dead"
  • b 2:1 - *Here the participle ("being") is understood as concessive
  • c 2:3 - Or "desires"
  • d 2:3 - This phrase is a Semitic idiom which can mean either (1) "children characterized by wrath" or (2) "children destined for wrath"
  • e 2:15 - *Here "[thus]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("making") which is understood as result
  • f 2:16 - Or "by it" (referring to the cross)
  • g 2:20 - Or perhaps "capstone"
  • h 2:22 - Or "are built up together in spirit [= spiritually] into a dwelling place of God" (cf. nrsv)