Ezekiel 18 LEB

God’s Just Treatment of Individuals, Both Righteous and Wicked

1 And the word of Yahweh {came}a to me, {saying},b

References for Ezekiel 18:1

    • ˅ 18:1 - Literally "was"
    • ˆ 18:1 - Literally "to say"
      2 "{What do you mean by}c quoting this proverb about the land of Israel, {saying},d 'The fathers, they ate unripe fruit, and the teeth of the child became blunt.'e

      References for Ezekiel 18:2

        • ˇ 18:2 - Literally "What [is] to you"
        • ˈ 18:2 - Literally "to say"
        • ˉ 18:2 - Or "dull," set on edge"
          3 {As I live},f {declares}g the Lord Yahweh, it will surely not any longer be {appropriate for you}h to quote this proverb in Israel!

          References for Ezekiel 18:3

            • ˊ 18:3 - Literally "life I"
            • ˋ 18:3 - Literally "declaration of"
            • ˌ 18:3 - Literally "to you"
              4 Look! {All lives are mine}.i {The lives of father and son alike are mine}.j The personk sinning will die.

              References for Ezekiel 18:4

                • ˍ 18:4 - Literally "all of the lives [are] for me they"
                • ˎ 18:4 - Literally "Like the life of the father and like the life of the son [is] to me look"
                • ˏ 18:4 - Or "life," or "soul"
                  5 And if a man is righteous and does justice and righteousness,
                  6 and on the mountains he [does] not eat and he [does] not lift up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, and the wife of his neighbor he [does] not defile and he [does] not approach a woman ofl menstruation,

                  References for Ezekiel 18:6

                      7 and he oppresses {no one}m [and] he returns [a] pledge for his loan {and he commits no robbery}n [and] he giveso his bread to [the] hungry and he covers a naked person [with] a garment,

                      References for Ezekiel 18:7

                        • ˑ 18:7 - Literally "a person not"
                        • ˒ 18:7 - Literally "robbed things not he seized"
                        • ˓ 18:7 - Or "shares"
                          8 [and] {he does not charge interest}p and he takes no usury, [and] he holds backq his hand from injustice [and] he executes [a] judgment of fairness between {persons},r

                          References for Ezekiel 18:8

                            • ˔ 18:8 - Literally "with the interest not he gives"
                            • ˕ 18:8 - Or "brings back"
                            • ˖ 18:8 - Literally "man and man"
                              9 [and] in my statutes he goes about and my regulations he keeps,s {performing faithfully}t --[then] he is righteous, [and] certainly he will live," {declares}u the Lord Yahweh.

                              References for Ezekiel 18:9

                                • ˗ 18:9 - Or "watches"
                                • ˘ 18:9 - Literally "to do with [with] faithfulness"
                                • ˙ 18:9 - Literally "declaration of"
                                  10 "And [now] he has a son, a violent one, {who sheds blood}v {and does any of these things}w

                                  References for Ezekiel 18:10

                                    • ˚ 18:10 - Literally "shedding of blood"
                                    • ˛ 18:10 - Literally "and he does like from one from these"
                                      11 (thoughx hey did not do all of these [things]), for [the son] alsoz eats on the mountains and he defiles the wife of his neighbor.

                                      References for Ezekiel 18:11

                                        • ˜ 18:11 - Hebrew "And"
                                        • ˝ 18:11 - That is, the father
                                        • ˞ 18:11 - Or "even"
                                          12 He oppresses [the] needy and [the] poor, [and] {he commits robbery},{ [and] he [does] not return [a] pledge for a loan, [and] he lifts his eyes to the idols [so] he does a detestable thing.

                                          References for Ezekiel 18:12

                                            • ˟ 18:12 - Literally "robbed things he seized"
                                              13 {He charges interest}| and takes usury. Then, shall he live? He shall not live, [for] he did all of these detestable things. Surely he will die! His blood will be on him.

                                              References for Ezekiel 18:13

                                                • ˠ 18:13 - Literally "with the interest he gives"
                                                  14 "And look! He has a son, and he sees all of the sin of his father that he did, and he sees [it], but he does not [do] it.
                                                  15 On the mountains he does not eat, and he does not lift [up] his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, [and] the wife of his neighbor he does not defile.
                                                  16 And he oppresses no one; he requires no pledge for a loan, and {he does not commit robbery};} he gives his bread to [the] hungry, and he covers the naked person [with] a garment.

                                                  References for Ezekiel 18:16

                                                    • ˡ 18:16 - Literally "robbed things not does he seize"
                                                      17 He brings back~ his hand from iniquity; he does not take interest and usury; he does my regulations; he goes€ in my statutes. He will not die because of the guilt of his father; he will surely live!

                                                      References for Ezekiel 18:17

                                                          18 Because his father {oppressed severely}; {he stole from his brother};‚ [that] which [is] not good he did in the midst of his people, and look! He will die throughƒ his guilt.

                                                          References for Ezekiel 18:18

                                                            • ˥ 18:18 - Literally "he oppressed oppression"
                                                            • ˦ 18:18 - Literally "he seized robbed things of a brother"
                                                            • ˧ 18:18 - Or "in"
                                                              19 "Yet„ you say, 'Why [does] the son not bear the guilt of the father?' And [since] the son does justice and righteousness and he keeps all of my statutes and does them, he shall surely live!

                                                              References for Ezekiel 18:19

                                                                  20 The person,… the [one] sinning, will die. A son shall not bear the guilt of the father, and a father shall not bear the guilt of the son. The righteousness of the righteous shall be on him; the wickedness of the wicked† shall be on him.

                                                                  References for Ezekiel 18:20

                                                                    • ˩ 18:20 - Or "soul," or "life"
                                                                    • ˪ 18:20 - According to the reading tradition (Qere)
                                                                      21 But if the wicked returns from all of his sins‡ that he has done and he keeps all of my statutes and he does justice and righteousness, he shall surely live; he shall not die!

                                                                      References for Ezekiel 18:21

                                                                        • ˫ 18:21 - According to the reading tradition (Qere)
                                                                          22 All of his transgressions that he committed will not be remembered againstˆ him. Through‰ his righteousness that he has done he shall live.

                                                                          References for Ezekiel 18:22

                                                                              23 Have I delight by any meansŠ [in the] death of [the] wicked, {declares}‹ the Lord Yahweh, [and] not at his turning from his way, {so that}Œ he lives?

                                                                              References for Ezekiel 18:23

                                                                                • ˮ 18:23 - Or "in any way"
                                                                                • ˯ 18:23 - Literally "declaration of"
                                                                                • ˰ 18:23 - Literally "and"
                                                                                  24 And {when the righteous turns} from his righteousness, so thatŽ he does injustice, and does all of the detestable things that the wicked do, then will he live [because of] all of his righteousness that he did? [Those things] will not be remembered because of his infidelity that he displayed, and because of his {sin that he committed}.‘ Through’ them he shall die.

                                                                                  References for Ezekiel 18:24

                                                                                    • ˱ 18:24 - Literally "at turning of [the] righteous"
                                                                                    • ˲ 18:24 - Literally "and"
                                                                                    • ˳ 18:24 - Or "and"
                                                                                    • ˴ 18:24 - According to the reading tradition (Qere)
                                                                                    • ˵ 18:24 - Literally "sin that he sinned"
                                                                                    • ˶ 18:24 - Or "in/by"
                                                                                      25 "Yet“ you say, 'The way of the Lord is not fair!' Listen, now, house of Israel, is my way not fair? [Is it] not your ways [that] are not fair?

                                                                                      References for Ezekiel 18:25

                                                                                          26 When the righteous turns from his righteousness, and he does injustice, then” he will die because of them; because of his injustice that he did he will die!

                                                                                          References for Ezekiel 18:26

                                                                                              27 And when the wicked turns from his wickedness that he did and he does justice and righteousness, {he will preserve his life}.•

                                                                                              References for Ezekiel 18:27

                                                                                                • ˹ 18:27 - Literally "his soul/life he will keep alive"
                                                                                                  28 And if he sees and he returns from all of his transgressions that he did, surely he will live; he will not die!
                                                                                                  29 And [yet] they, the house of Israel, say, 'The way of the Lord is not fair!' [Are] not my ways fair, house of Israel? {Are not your ways unfair?}–

                                                                                                  References for Ezekiel 18:29

                                                                                                    • ˺ 18:29 - Literally "not ways your not are right"
                                                                                                      30 "Therefore I will judge you, house of Israel, each one— according to his ways," {declares}˜ the Lord Yahweh. "Repent™ and turn around from all of your transgression, and it will not be as a stumbling block of iniquity to you.

                                                                                                      References for Ezekiel 18:30

                                                                                                        • ˻ 18:30 - Hebrew "man"
                                                                                                        • ˼ 18:30 - Literally "declaration of"
                                                                                                        • ˽ 18:30 - Or "Turn/Return"
                                                                                                          31 Throw {away from yourselves}š all of your transgressions that you committed,› and make {for yourselves}œ a new heart and new spirit, and [so] why will you die, house of Israel?

                                                                                                          References for Ezekiel 18:31

                                                                                                            • ˾ 18:31 - Literally "from on you"
                                                                                                            • ˿ 18:31 - Hebrew "committed with them"
                                                                                                            • ̀ 18:31 - Literally "to you"
                                                                                                              32 For I have no pleasure in the death of the dying," {declares} the Lord Yahweh. "And [so] repentž and live!"

                                                                                                              References for Ezekiel 18:32

                                                                                                                • ́ 18:32 - Literally "declaration of"
                                                                                                                • ̂ 18:32 - Or "turn/return"