Ezekiel 23 LEB

Oholah and Oholibah as Symbols of God’s Corrupt People

1 And the word of Yahweh {came} to me, {saying},

References for Ezekiel 23:1

    • a 23:1 - Literally "was"
    • b 23:1 - Literally "to say"
      2 "Son of man, there were two women, [the] daughters of one mother,

      References for Ezekiel 23:2

        • c 23:2 - Or "mortal," or "son of humankind"
          3 and they prostituted [themselves] in Egypt in their childhood; they were prostituting [themselves] there, [and] their breasts were fondled, and there they caressed the bosoms of their virginity.
          4 Now [as for] their names, the older [was] Oholah, and Oholibah [was] her sister. And {they became mine}, and they bore sons and daughters, and their names [are] Samaria [for] Oholah, and Jerusalem [for] Oholibah

          References for Ezekiel 23:4

            • d 23:4 - Literally "they were for me"
            • e 23:4 - Hebrew "name"
              5 And Oholah prostituted [herself] {while she was still mine}, and she lusted for her lovers, for Assyria [who was] nearby,

              References for Ezekiel 23:5

                • f 23:5 - Literally "under me"
                  6 clothed in blue cloth, governors and prefects, {handsome young men} [and] all of them horsemen, {experts on horseback}.

                  References for Ezekiel 23:6

                    • g 23:6 - Literally "young men of handsomeness/beauty"
                    • h 23:6 - Literally "riders [of] horsemen"
                      7 And she bestowed her fornication on them, [on] the choice [ones] of the {Assyrians}, all of them, and with every one [after] which she lusted; with all of their idols she defiled herself.

                      References for Ezekiel 23:7

                        • i 23:7 - Literally "sons of Assyria"
                          8 And her whorings from [the time of] Egypt she [did] not abandon, for they slept with her in her childhood, and they caressed the bosoms of her virginity, and they poured out their fornication on her.
                          9 Therefore I gave her into the hand of her lovers, into the hand of the {Assyrians} {after whom she lusted}.

                          References for Ezekiel 23:9

                            • j 23:9 - Literally "sons of Assyria"
                            • k 23:9 - Literally "which she lusted for them"
                              10 They uncovered her nakedness; they took her sons and her daughters, and they killed her with the sword. And she became a name for the women, and they executed judgments against her.
                              11 "And though Oholibah her sister saw, yet in her lust {she behaved more corruptly than her}, and her whoring [was] more than the prostitution of her sister.

                              References for Ezekiel 23:11

                                • l 23:11 - Literally "she behaved corruptly [in] lust from her"
                                  12 She lusted after the {Assyrians}, governors and prefects, warriors clothed in perfection, {expert horsemen}, all of them {handsome young men}.

                                  References for Ezekiel 23:12

                                    • m 23:12 - Literally "sons of Assyria"
                                    • n 23:12 - Hebrew uncertain
                                    • o 23:12 - Or "to"
                                    • p 23:12 - Or "in full armor" or "wonderfully dressed"
                                    • q 23:12 - Literally "horsemen, riders of horses"
                                    • r 23:12 - Literally "young men of handsomeness"
                                      13 And I saw that she was defiled; {they had both taken the same path}!

                                      References for Ezekiel 23:13

                                        • s 23:13 - Literally "way one [was] for the two of them"
                                          14 And she increased her whorings, and she saw men carved on the wall, images of Chaldeans carved in red

                                          References for Ezekiel 23:14

                                            • t 23:14 - Or "portrayed"
                                            • u 23:14 - According to the reading tradition (Qere)
                                              15 belted with a belt at their waist with turbans on their heads, all of them [giving] [the] appearance of adjutants, the image of the {Babylonians}; Chaldea [was] the land of their birth.

                                              References for Ezekiel 23:15

                                                • v 23:15 - Or "around"
                                                • w 23:15 - Or "officers"
                                                • x 23:15 - Or "likeness"
                                                • y 23:15 - Literally "sons of Babylon"
                                                  16 And she lusted for them {when her eyes saw them}, and she sent messengers to them [at] Chaldea.

                                                  References for Ezekiel 23:16

                                                    • z 23:16 - Literally "at the sight of her eyes"
                                                      17 And so the {Babylonians} came to her [for the] bed of lovemaking; and they defiled her with their fornication, and she was defiled by them, and she turned from them.

                                                      References for Ezekiel 23:17

                                                        • { 23:17 - Literally "sons of Babylon"
                                                          18 And she revealed her whorings, and she revealed her nakedness, and so I turned from her {just as} I turned from her sister.

                                                          References for Ezekiel 23:18

                                                            • | 23:18 - Literally "as that"
                                                              19 Yet she increased her whorings, {recalling} the days of her childhood when she was prostituted in the land of Egypt

                                                              References for Ezekiel 23:19

                                                                • } 23:19 - Or "And"
                                                                • ~ 23:19 - Or "remembering"
                                                                •  23:19 - Or "prostituted [herself]"
                                                                  20 And she lusted after her male lovers whose genitalia [were the] genitalia of male donkeys and [their] seminal emission [was the] seminal emission of horses.
                                                                  21 And you longed [after] the obscene conduct of your youth when your bosom was caressed by Egypt, fondling your young breasts.
                                                                  22 "Therefore, Oholibah, thus says the Lord Yahweh: 'Look! I [am] stirring up your lovers against you [concerning] whom you turned away, and I will bring them against you from all around:
                                                                  23 the {Babylonians} and all of the Chaldeans, Pekod and Shoa and Koa, all of the {Assyrians} [along] with them, {handsome young men}, governors and prefects, all of them adjutants {and excellent horsemen}.

                                                                  References for Ezekiel 23:23

                                                                    • € 23:23 - Literally "sons of Babylon"
                                                                    •  23:23 - Literally "sons of Assyria"
                                                                    • ‚ 23:23 - Literally "young men of beauty/handsomeness"
                                                                    • ƒ 23:23 - Or "officers"
                                                                    • „ 23:23 - Literally "ones called riders of horses"
                                                                      24 And they will come against you [with] an army chariot and wagon and with a crowd of peoples; they will set [themselves] against you [from] all around [with] large shield and small shield and helmet. And I will give {before them} judgment, and they will judge you with their judgments.

                                                                      References for Ezekiel 23:24

                                                                        • … 23:24 - Or "horde" or "host of"
                                                                        • † 23:24 - Literally "to the face of them"
                                                                          25 And I will direct my zeal against you, and they will deal with you in anger; your nose and your ears they will remove, and {those who are left}, they will fall by the sword, and they will take your sons and your daughters, and {your remnant} will be consumed by fire.

                                                                          References for Ezekiel 23:25

                                                                            • ‡ 23:25 - Literally "and remainder your"
                                                                            • ˆ 23:25 - Literally "and remainder your"
                                                                              26 And they will strip you [of] your clothes, and they will take {your splendid jewelry}.

                                                                              References for Ezekiel 23:26

                                                                                • ‰ 23:26 - Literally "the jewelry of splendor your"; or "your beautiful jewelry"
                                                                                  27 And I will put an end to your obscene conduct [coming] from you and your fornication from the land of Egypt, and you will not lift your eyes to them; and you will not remember Egypt again.'
                                                                                  28 For thus says the Lord Yahweh: 'Look! I [am] giving you into the hand of those you hated, into the hand of those from whom you turned away.

                                                                                  References for Ezekiel 23:28

                                                                                    • Š 23:28 - Literally "them"
                                                                                      29 And they will deal with you in hatred, and they will take all of your acquisitions, and they will leave you naked and [in] bareness; and the nakedness of your fornication and your obscene conduct and your whorings will be exposed.
                                                                                      30 These [things] [are] accomplished against you since you prostituted yourself after the nations, [and] on account of that, you defiled yourself by their idols.

                                                                                      References for Ezekiel 23:30

                                                                                          31 You went in the [same] way of your sister, and I will give her cup into your hand." '
                                                                                          32 Thus says the Lord Yahweh: "You will drink the deep and wide cup of your sister; you will be as laughter and as scorn; {the cup holds so much}!

                                                                                          References for Ezekiel 23:32

                                                                                            •  23:32 - Or place "drink deep and wide the cup"
                                                                                            • Ž 23:32 - Literally "a large among to hold"
                                                                                              33 You will be filled with drunkenness and sorrow, for a cup of horror and desolation [is] the cup of your sister, Samaria.
                                                                                              34 And you will drink it, and you will drain [it], and its potsherds you will gnaw, and you will tear out your breasts, for {I myself} spoke," {declares} the Lord Yahweh.

                                                                                              References for Ezekiel 23:34

                                                                                                •  23:34 - Literally "I, I"
                                                                                                •  23:34 - Literally "declaration of"
                                                                                                  35 Therefore thus says the Lord Yahweh: "Because you have forgotten me, and you threw me behind your back, now in turn you bear your obscene conduct and your whorings."

                                                                                                  References for Ezekiel 23:35

                                                                                                      36 And Yahweh said to me, "Son of man, will you judge Oholah and Oholibah and declare their abominable deeds to them

                                                                                                      References for Ezekiel 23:36

                                                                                                        • ’ 23:36 - Or "mortal," or "son of humankind"
                                                                                                        • “ 23:36 - Or "for"
                                                                                                          37 For they committed adultery, and blood [is] on their hands, and they committed adultery with their idols, and even their children that they had borne for me--they sacrificed them as food!
                                                                                                          38 Also they did this to me: they defiled my sanctuary on that day, and they profaned my Sabbaths
                                                                                                          39 and when they slaughtered their children for their idols, they came to my sanctuary on that day to profane it. And look, {this is what they did in my house}!

                                                                                                          References for Ezekiel 23:39

                                                                                                            • ” 23:39 - Literally "thus they did in the midst of house my"
                                                                                                              40 {What is worse}, they sent for men {who come} from a distant place, [to] whom a messenger [was] sent to them, and look! They came! [Men] for whom you bathed and painted your eyes, and you adorned yourself [with] an ornament.

                                                                                                              References for Ezekiel 23:40

                                                                                                                • • 23:40 - Literally "and also for/indeed"
                                                                                                                • – 23:40 - Literally "coming"
                                                                                                                  41 And you sat on a magnificent couch and a table prepared {before her}, and my incense and my olive oil you put on her.

                                                                                                                  References for Ezekiel 23:41

                                                                                                                    • — 23:41 - Literally "to the face of her"
                                                                                                                    • ˜ 23:41 - Or "it"
                                                                                                                      42 And a sound of a carefree crowd [was] with it, and in addition to [these] men, {a crowd of drunken men was brought in} from [the] desert, and they put bracelets on their arms and a crown of splendor on their heads.

                                                                                                                      References for Ezekiel 23:42

                                                                                                                        • ™ 23:42 - Or "her"
                                                                                                                        • š 23:42 - A problematic verse; reading according to the reading tradition (Qere)
                                                                                                                        • › 23:42 - Literally "from an abundance of men being brought in drunken"
                                                                                                                        • œ 23:42 - Or "wilderness"
                                                                                                                          43 And I said to the one worn out [with] adulteries, 'Now they will prostitute [her] [concerning] her fornication, even her.'

                                                                                                                          References for Ezekiel 23:43

                                                                                                                            •  23:43 - Or "about"
                                                                                                                            • ž 23:43 - Or "that [she] did"
                                                                                                                              44 And [so] they went to her like going to a female prostitute; and thus they went to Oholah and to Oholibah, the women of obscene conduct.

                                                                                                                              References for Ezekiel 23:44

                                                                                                                                • Ÿ 23:44 - Or "a woman"
                                                                                                                                  45 But righteous men, they will judge them [with] [the] judgment of committing adultery, and [with] [the] judgment of shedding blood; for they were committing adultery, and blood [was] on their hands."
                                                                                                                                  46 For thus says the Lord Yahweh: "Bring up against them an assembly, and make them as a thing of horror and as plunder.
                                                                                                                                  47 And an assembly must stone them [with] stones, and they must cut them down. With their swords they shall kill their sons and their daughters, and with fire they shall burn their houses.

                                                                                                                                  References for Ezekiel 23:47

                                                                                                                                    •   23:47 - Hebrew "stone"
                                                                                                                                      48 And {I will cause obscene conduct to cease from the land}, and all of the women will be warned, and they will not do according to your wickedness.

                                                                                                                                      References for Ezekiel 23:48

                                                                                                                                        • ¡ 23:48 - Or "I will put an end to obscene conduct from the land"
                                                                                                                                          49 And they will repay your obscene conduct upon you, and the guilt of your idols you will bear, and you will know that I [am] the Lord Yahweh.