Woes on the Wicked

1 Ah! Those who decree decrees of evil, and writers who have written harm,

References for Isaiah 10:1

      2 to guide [the] needy away from legal claims, and to rob the justice from the poor of my people, to make widows their spoil; and they plunder orphans.

      References for Isaiah 10:2

        • a 10:2 - Hebrew "claim"
          3 And what will you do at [the] day of punishment, and at calamity? It comes from afar! To whom will you flee for help, and where will you leave your wealth,
          4 {save that they bow down under the prisoners and fall under the slain}? In all of this his anger has not turned away, and still his hand [is] stretched out.

          References for Isaiah 10:4

            • b 10:4 - Literally "except he will bow down under a prisoner and under slain they will fall"; "under" could also mean "in the place of"

              Judgment on Assyria’s Arrogance

              5 Ah! Assyria, the rod of my anger, and a staff is in their hand: my wrath!

              References for Isaiah 10:5

                  6 I send him against a godless nation, and I command him against the people of my wrath, to capture spoil and to carry off plunder, and to make them a trampling place, like [the] clay of [the] streets.

                  References for Isaiah 10:6

                    • c 10:6 - Hebrew "him"
                      7 But he does not think this, and his heart does not plan this. For [it is] in his heart to destroy and to cut off not a few nations.

                      References for Isaiah 10:7

                          8 For he says, "[Are] not my commanders altogether kings?
                          9 [Is] not Calno like Carchemish? [Is] not Hamath like Arpad? [Is] not Samaria like Damascus?
                          10 As my hand has reached to the kingdoms of the idols --and their images were {greater than those of} Jerusalem and Samaria--

                          References for Isaiah 10:10

                            • e 10:10 - Hebrew "idol"
                            • f 10:10 - Literally "from"
                              11 shall I not do to Jerusalem and its idols what I have done to Samaria and her idols?"
                              12 And this shall happen: when the Lord has finished all his work against {Mount Zion} and Jerusalem, "I will punish the {arrogance} of the king of Assyria and {his haughtiness}."

                              References for Isaiah 10:12

                                • g 10:12 - Literally "the mountain of Zion"
                                • h 10:12 - Literally "fruit of the greatness of the heart"
                                • i 10:12 - Literally "the pride of the height of his eyes"
                                  13 For he says, "I have done [it] by the strength of my hand and by my wisdom, for I have understanding, and I have removed [the] boundaries of peoples, and I have plundered their stores, and like a bull I have brought down {the inhabitants}.
                                  14 And my hand has found, like [a] nest, the wealth of the peoples, and like the gathering of forsaken eggs, I myself have gathered all the earth. And [there] was no fluttering wing or open mouth or chirp."
                                  15 Does the ax boast against the one who cuts with it, or the saw magnify itself against [the] one who moves it to and fro? {As if a rod should move the one who lifts it}! {As if a staff should lift up that which is not wood}!

                                  References for Isaiah 10:15

                                    • j 10:15 - Literally "As a rod waving even the one who lifts it up"
                                    • k 10:15 - Literally "As a staff lifting up not wood"
                                      16 Therefore the Lord, Yahweh of hosts, will send leanness among his sturdy warriors, and a burning like [the] burning of fire will burn under his glory.
                                      17 And the light of Israel will become like a fire, and his holy one like a flame, and it will burn and devour his thorns and briers in one day.

                                      References for Isaiah 10:17

                                        • l 10:17 - Hebrew "thorn"
                                        • m 10:17 - Hebrew "brier"
                                          18 And he will destroy the glory of his forest and orchard {completely}, and it will be like the wasting away of one who is sick.

                                          References for Isaiah 10:18

                                            • n 10:18 - Literally "from soul and to body"
                                              19 And the rest of the trees of his forest will be a small number, and a boy can write them [down].

                                              References for Isaiah 10:19

                                                • o 10:19 - Hebrew "tree"

                                                  The Return of the Remnant

                                                  20 And this shall happen: on that day, the remnant of Israel and the survivors of the house of Jacob will not continue to lean on [the] one who struck it but will lean on Yahweh, the holy one of Israel, in truth.

                                                  References for Isaiah 10:20

                                                    • p 10:20 - Hebrew "survivor"
                                                      21 A remnant will return-- the remnant of Jacob--to [the] mighty God.
                                                      22 For though your people Israel was like the sand of the sea, [only] a remnant of it will return. Annihilation [is] determined, overflowing [with] righteousness.
                                                      23 For the Lord Yahweh of hosts [is] about to make a complete destruction and a determined end in the midst of all the earth.
                                                      24 Therefore thus says the Lord Yahweh of hosts: "My people who live [in] Zion, you must not be afraid of Assyria. It beats you with the rod, and it lifts up its staff against you {as the Egyptians did}.
                                                      25 [My] indignation will come to an end {in just a very little while}, and my anger [will be] directed to their destruction."

                                                      References for Isaiah 10:25

                                                        • q 10:25 - Literally "for still a little a trifle"
                                                          26 And Yahweh of hosts is going to swing a whip against him, as when Midian was defeated at the rock of Oreb; and his staff [will be] over the sea, and he will lift him up {as he did in Egypt}.

                                                          References for Isaiah 10:26

                                                            • r 10:26 - Literally "in the way of Egypt"
                                                              27 And this shall happen: on that day, he will remove his burden from your shoulder and his yoke from your neck, {and a yoke will be destroyed because of fat}.
                                                              28 He has come to Aiath, he has passed through Migron; at Micmash he deposited his baggage.
                                                              29 They crossed over [the] pass; Geba [is] a place of overnight lodging for us. Ramah trembles; Gibeah of Saul has fled.
                                                              30 Daughter of Gallim, cry out [with] your voice; Laishah, listen! {Anathoth is poor}.

                                                              References for Isaiah 10:30

                                                                • s 10:30 - Or with different vocalization, "Answer her, Anathoth!" which fits the parallelism better
                                                                  31 Madmenah flees! The inhabitants of Gebim bring themselves into safety!
                                                                  32 {This day} {taking a stand} at Nob, he will shake his fist [at] the mountain of the daughter of Zion, [at] the hill of Jerusalem.

                                                                  References for Isaiah 10:32

                                                                    • t 10:32 - Literally "Yet today"
                                                                    • u 10:32 - Literally "to stand"
                                                                    • v 10:32 - Following the reading tradition (Qere); the consonantal text has "house"
                                                                      33 Look! The Lord Yahweh of hosts is about to lop off [the] branches with great power, and {the towering trees} will be felled, and the {tall trees} will be brought low.

                                                                      References for Isaiah 10:33

                                                                        • w 10:33 - Hebrew "branch"
                                                                        • x 10:33 - Literally "the haughty of the height"
                                                                        • y 10:33 - Literally "height"
                                                                          34 And he will cut down the thickets of the forest with the axe, and Lebanon will fall by [the] mighty [one].