Job’s Sixth Speech: A Response to Bildad

1 Then Job answered and said,

References for Job 19:1

    • a 19:1 - Hebrew "And"
      2 "{How long} will you torment me and crush me with words?

      References for Job 19:2

        • b 19:2 - Literally "Until when"
        • c 19:2 - Plural
        • d 19:2 - Hebrew "my soul," or "my self"
          3 These ten times you have disgraced me; you are not ashamed [that] you have attacked me.

          References for Job 19:3

              4 And what is more, [if] I have truly erred, my error remains with me.
              5 If indeed you must magnify yourselves against me, and you must let my disgrace argue against me,

              References for Job 19:5

                  6 know then that God has wronged me and has surrounded me [with] his net.
                  7 "Look, I cry out, 'Violence!' but I am not answered; I cry out, but there is no justice.

                  References for Job 19:7

                    • k 19:7 - Or "and"
                    • l 19:7 - Hebrew "and"
                      8 He has walled up my way so that I cannot pass; and he has set darkness upon my paths.

                      References for Job 19:8

                        • m 19:8 - Hebrew "and"
                          9 He has taken my glory from me, and he has removed the crown of my head.

                          References for Job 19:9

                            • n 19:9 - Or "from"
                              10 He has broken me down all around, and I am gone. And he has uprooted my hope like a tree,
                              11 and he has kindled his wrath against me, and {he has counted me as one of his foes}.

                              References for Job 19:11

                                • o 19:11 - Literally "he has counted me for him as his foes"
                                  12 His troops have come together and have thrown up their rampart against me and have encamped around my tent.

                                  References for Job 19:12

                                    • p 19:12 - Or "siege works"; compare NRSV
                                      13 "He has removed my kinsfolk from me, and my acquaintances have only turned aside from me.

                                      References for Job 19:13

                                        • q 19:13 - Or "completely"
                                          14 My relatives have failed, and my close friends have forgotten me.
                                          15 The sojourners in my house and my slave women count me as a stranger; I have become a foreigner in their eyes.

                                          References for Job 19:15

                                              16 I call to my servant, but he does not answer; I must {personally} plead with him.

                                              References for Job 19:16

                                                • s 19:16 - Hebrew "and"
                                                • t 19:16 - Literally "with my mouth"
                                                  17 My breath is repulsive to my wife, and I am loathsome to {my own family}.

                                                  References for Job 19:17

                                                    • u 19:17 - Literally "to the children of my womb"
                                                      18 Little boys also despise me; [when] I rise, then they talk against me.

                                                      References for Job 19:18

                                                          19 All {my intimate friends} abhor me, and these [whom] I have loved have turned against me.

                                                          References for Job 19:19

                                                            • w 19:19 - Literally "the men of the circle of my confidants"
                                                              20 My bones cling to my skin and to my flesh, and I have escaped by the skin of my teeth.

                                                              References for Job 19:20

                                                                • x 19:20 - Collective singular
                                                                  21 "Pity me, pity me, you my friends, for God's hand has touched me.
                                                                  22 Why do you pursue me like God? And are not satisfied with my flesh?

                                                                  References for Job 19:22

                                                                      23 "{O that} my words could be written down! {O that they could be inscribed in a scroll}!

                                                                      References for Job 19:23

                                                                        • z 19:23 - Literally "Who then shall give and"
                                                                        • { 19:23 - Literally "Who shall give in the scroll and they could be inscribed"
                                                                          24 [That] with a pen of iron and [with] lead they might be engraved on a rock forever!
                                                                          25 But I myself know [that] my redeemer [is] alive, and [at the] last he will stand up upon {the earth}.

                                                                          References for Job 19:25

                                                                            • | 19:25 - Hebrew "And"
                                                                            • } 19:25 - Emphatic personal pronoun
                                                                            • ~ 19:25 - Literally "dust"
                                                                              26 And after my skin has been thus destroyed, but from my flesh I will see God,

                                                                              References for Job 19:26

                                                                                  27 whom {I will see for myself}, and [whom] my eyes will see and not a stranger. {My heart faints within me}.

                                                                                  References for Job 19:27

                                                                                    •  19:27 - Literally "I myself will see for myself"; emphatic personal pronoun as subject to the singular verb
                                                                                    • ‚ 19:27 - Or "another"
                                                                                    • ƒ 19:27 - Literally "My kidneys fail in my lap"; see NRSV
                                                                                      28 "If you say, 'How will we persecute him?' And 'The root of the trouble is found' in me,

                                                                                      References for Job 19:28

                                                                                        • „ 19:28 - Plural
                                                                                        • … 19:28 - Or " 'The root of the trouble is found' in him"
                                                                                          29 be afraid for yourselves {because of the sword}, for wrath [brings] punishment by [the] sword, so that you may know that [there is] judgment."

                                                                                          References for Job 19:29

                                                                                            • † 19:29 - Literally "from the faces of [the] sword"
                                                                                            • ‡ 19:29 - Literally "of"