The Prologue to John’s Gospel

1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
References for John 1:1
      2 This one was in the beginning with God.
      3 All [things] came into being through him, and apart from him not one [thing] came into being thata has come into being.
      References for John 1:3
        • a 1:3 - Or "came into being. What ...," beginning a new sentence connected with the following verse. A major punctuation problem is involved, since the earliest manuscripts have no punctuation, but some important later ones place the punctuation before this phrase, effectively connecting it to v. 4: "What has come into being was life in him"
          4 In him was life, and the life was the light of humanity.b
          References for John 1:4
            • b 1:4 - Or "humankind"
              5 And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not overcomec it.
              References for John 1:5
                • c 1:5 - Or "comprehend" (if primarily referring to people in the world)
                  6 A man came, sent from God, {whose name was}d John.
                  References for John 1:6
                    • d 1:6 - Literally "the name to him"
                      7 This one came for a witness, in order that he could testify about the light, so that all would believe through him.
                      8 That one was not the light, but [came]e in order that he could testify about the light.
                      References for John 1:8
                        • e 1:8 - The verb is implied from the previous verse, and must be supplied in the English translation
                          9 The true light, who gives light to every person, was coming into the world.
                          10 He was in the world, and the world came into being through him, and the world did not recognizef him.
                          References for John 1:10
                            • f 1:10 - Or "acknowledge"
                              11 He came to his own [things], and his own [people] did not receive him.
                              12 But as many as received him--to those who believe in his name--he gave to them authority to become children of God,
                              13 who were born not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of a husband, but of God.
                              14 And the Word became flesh and took up residence among us, and we saw his glory, glory as of the one and only from the Father, full of grace and truth.
                              15 John testified about him and cried out, saying, "This one was [he about] whom I said, 'The one who comes after me is ahead of me, because he existed before me.'"
                              16 For from his fullness we have all received, and grace after grace.
                              17 For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came about through Jesus Christ.
                              18 No one has seen God at any time; the one and only, God, the one who is in the bosom of the Father--that one has made [him]g known.
                              References for John 1:18
                                • g 1:18 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation