Romans 9:14-33 LEB

God’s Sovereign Choice to Show Mercy

14 What then shall we say? [There is] no injustice with God, [is there]?a May it never be!

References for Romans 9:14

    • ¾ 9:14 - *The negative construction in Greek anticipates a negative answer here
      15 For to Moses he says, "I will have mercy on whomever I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whomever I have compassion."b

      References for Romans 9:15

        • ¿ 9:15 - A quotation from Exod 33:19
          16 Consequently therefore, {it does not depend on the}c one who wills or on the one who runs, but on God who shows mercy.

          References for Romans 9:16

            • À 9:16 - Literally "not of the"
              17 For the scripture says to Pharaoh, "For this very [reason] I have raised you up, so that I may demonstrate my power in you, and so that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth."d

              References for Romans 9:17

                • Á 9:17 - A quotation from Exod 9:16
                  18 Consequently therefore, he has mercy on whomever he wishes, and he hardens whomever he wishes.
                  19 Therefore you will say to me, "Why then does he still find fault? For who has resistede his will?

                  References for Romans 9:19

                    • Â 9:19 - Or "who resists"
                      20 On the contrary, O man, who are you who answers back to God? Will what is molded say to the one who molded [it], "Why did you make me like this"?f

                      References for Romans 9:20

                        • Ã 9:20 - A quotation from Isa 29:16; 45:9
                          21 Or does the potter not have authority over the clay, to make from the same lump a vessel that [is] for {honorable use}g and [one] that [is] for {ordinary use}h?

                          References for Romans 9:21

                            • Ä 9:21 - Literally "honor"
                            • Å 9:21 - Literally "dishonor"
                              22 And [what] if God, wanting to demonstrate his wrath and to make known his power, endured with much patience vessels of wrath prepared for destruction?
                              23 And [he did so]i in order that he could make known the riches of his glory upon vessels of mercy that he prepared beforehand for glory,

                              References for Romans 9:23

                                • Æ 9:23 - *The words "he did so" are not in the Greek text, but are an understood repetition from the previous clause
                                  24 us whom he also called, not only from the Jews but also from the Gentiles?
                                  25 As he also says in Hosea, "I will call those [who were] not my people, 'My people,' and those [who were] not loved, 'Loved.'
                                  26 And it will be in the place where it was said to them, 'You [are] not my people,' there they will be called 'sons of the living God.'"j

                                  References for Romans 9:26

                                    • Ç 9:26 - A quotation from Hos 1:10
                                      27 And Isaiah cries out concerning Israel, "[Even] if the number of the sons of Israel is like the sand of the sea, the remnant will be saved,
                                      28 {for the Lord will execute his sentence thoroughly and decisively}k upon the earth."l

                                      References for Romans 9:28

                                        • È 9:28 - Literally "for the Lord will act, closing the account and cutting short"
                                        • É 9:28 - A paraphrased quotation from Isa 10:22-23
                                          29 And just as Isaiah foretold, "If the Lord of hosts had not left us descendants, we would have become like Sodom and would have resembled Gomorrah."
                                          30 What then shall we say? That the Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, attained righteousness--even the righteousness [that is] by faith.
                                          31 But Israel, pursuing the law of righteousness, did not attain to the law.
                                          32 Why that? Because [they did] not [pursue it] by faith, but as [if] by works. They stumbled over the {stone that causes people to stumble}m,

                                          References for Romans 9:32

                                            • Ê 9:32 - Literally "stone of stumbling"
                                              33 just as it is written, "Behold, I am laying in Zion {a stone that causes people to stumble}, and {a rock that causes them to fall}, and the one who believes in him will not be put to shame."