Romans 9:6-16 LEB

6 But [it is] not as if the word of God had failed. For not all those [who are descended] from Israel [are truly] Israel,
7 nor [are they] all children because they are descendants of Abraham, but "In Isaac will your descendants be named."a

References for Romans 9:7

    • µ 9:7 - A quotation from Gen 21:12
      8 That is, [it is] not the children {by human descent}b [who are] children of God, but the children of the promise are counted as descendants.

      References for Romans 9:8

        • 9:8 - Literally "of the flesh"
          9 For the statement of the promise [is] this: "At this time I will return and {Sarah will have}c a son."d

          References for Romans 9:9

            • · 9:9 - Literally "there will be to Sarah"
            • ¸ 9:9 - A quotation from Gen 18:10, 14
              10 And not only [this], but also [when]e Rebecca conceived children by one [man],f Isaac our father--

              References for Romans 9:10

                • ¹ 9:10 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("having conception" = "conceived") which is understood as temporal
                • º 9:10 - Or perhaps "by one [act of sexual intercourse]"
                  11 for [although they]g had not yet been born, or done anything good or evil, in order that the purpose of God according to election might remain,

                  References for Romans 9:11

                    • » 9:11 - *Here "[although]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("been born") which is understood as concessive
                      12 not by works but by the one who calls--it was said to her, "The older will serve the younger,"h

                      References for Romans 9:12

                        • ¼ 9:12 - A quotation from Gen 25:23
                          13 just as it is written, "Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated."i

                          References for Romans 9:13

                            • ½ 9:13 - A quotation from Mal 1:2-3

                              God’s Sovereign Choice to Show Mercy

                              14 What then shall we say? [There is] no injustice with God, [is there]?j May it never be!

                              References for Romans 9:14

                                • ¾ 9:14 - *The negative construction in Greek anticipates a negative answer here
                                  15 For to Moses he says, "I will have mercy on whomever I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whomever I have compassion."k

                                  References for Romans 9:15

                                    • ¿ 9:15 - A quotation from Exod 33:19
                                      16 Consequently therefore, {it does not depend on the}l one who wills or on the one who runs, but on God who shows mercy.

                                      References for Romans 9:16

                                        • À 9:16 - Literally "not of the"