1 Samuel 20 NAS

David and Jonathan Covenant

1 Then David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and 1said ato Jonathan, "What have I done? What is my iniquity? And what is my sin before your father, that he is seeking my life?"

References for 1 Samuel 20:1

    • ĵ 20:1 - Lit "before"
      2 He said to him, "Far from it, you shall not die. Behold, my father does nothing * either great or small bwithout disclosing it to me. So why should my father hide this thing from me? It is not so!"

      References for 1 Samuel 20:2

        • Ķ 20:2 - Lit "and he does not uncover my ear"
          3 Yet David 2vowed again, csaying, "Your father knows well that I have found favor in your sight, and he has said, 'Do not let Jonathan know this, or he will be grieved.' But truly 3as the LORD lives and as your soul lives, there is dhardly a step between me and death."

          References for 1 Samuel 20:3

            • ķ 20:3 - Lit "and said"
            • ĸ 20:3 - Lit "about"
              4 Then Jonathan said to David, "Whatever eyou say, I will do for you."

              References for 1 Samuel 20:4

                • Ĺ 20:4 - Lit "your soul says"
                  5 So David said to Jonathan, "Behold, tomorrow is 4the new moon, and I ought 5to sit down to eat with the king. But let me go, 6that I may hide myself in the field until the third evening.

                  References for 1 Samuel 20:5

                  6 "If your father misses me at all, then say, 'David earnestly asked leave of me to run to 7Bethlehem his city, because it is 8the yearly sacrifice there for the whole family.'

                  References for 1 Samuel 20:6

                  7 "If he fsays, 'It is good,' your servant will be safe; but if he is very angry, 9know that he has decided on evil.

                  References for 1 Samuel 20:7

                    • ĺ 20:7 - Lit "says thus"
                      8 "Therefore deal kindly with your servant, for 10you have brought your servant into a covenant of the LORD with you. But 11if there is iniquity in me, put me to death yourself; for why then should you bring me to your father?"

                      References for 1 Samuel 20:8

                      9 Jonathan said, "Far be it from you! For if I should indeed learn that evil has been decided by my father to come upon you, then would I not tell you about it?"
                      10 Then David said to Jonathan, "Who will tell me gif * your father answers you harshly?"

                      References for 1 Samuel 20:10

                        • Ļ 20:10 - Lit "or what"
                          11 Jonathan said to David, "Come, and let us go out into the field." So both of them went out to the field.
                          12 Then Jonathan said to David, "The LORD, the God of Israel, be witness! When I have sounded out my father about this time tomorrow, or the third day, behold, if there is good feeling toward David, shall I not then send to you and hmake it known * to you?

                          References for 1 Samuel 20:12

                            • ļ 20:12 - Lit "uncover your ear"
                              13 "If it please my father to do you harm, 12may the LORD do so to Jonathan and more also, if I do not imake it known * to you and send you away, that you may go in safety. And 13may the LORD be with you as He has been with my father.

                              References for 1 Samuel 20:13

                              14 "If I am still alive, will you not show me the lovingkindness of the LORD, that I may not die?
                              15 "14You shall not cut off your lovingkindness from my house forever *, not even when the LORD cuts off every one of the enemies of David from the face of the earth."

                              References for 1 Samuel 20:15

                              16 So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, "15May the LORD require it at the hands of David's enemies."

                              References for 1 Samuel 20:16

                              17 Jonathan made David vow again because of his love for him, because 16he loved him as he loved his own life.

                              References for 1 Samuel 20:17

                              18 Then Jonathan said to him, "17Tomorrow is the new moon, and you will be missed because your seat will be empty.

                              References for 1 Samuel 20:18

                              19 "When you have stayed for three days, you shall go down quickly and come to the place where * you hid yourself on that eventful day, and you shall remain by the stone Ezel.
                              20 "I will shoot three arrows to the side, as though I shot at a target.
                              21 "And behold, I will send the lad, saying, 'Go, find the arrows.' If I specifically say to the lad, 'Behold, the arrows are on this side of you, get them,' then come; for there is safety for you and jno harm, as the LORD lives.

                              References for 1 Samuel 20:21

                                • ľ 20:21 - Lit "there is nothing"
                                  22 "But if I ksay to the youth, '18Behold, the arrows are beyond * you,' go, for the LORD has sent you away.

                                  References for 1 Samuel 20:22

                                    • Ŀ 20:22 - Lit "say thus"
                                      23 "19As for the lagreement of which you and I have spoken, behold, 20the LORD is between you and me forever *."

                                      References for 1 Samuel 20:23

                                      24 So David hid in the field; and when the new moon came, the king sat down to eat food.
                                      25 The king sat on his seat as usual, the seat by the wall; then Jonathan rose up and Abner sat down by Saul's side, but 21David's place was empty.

                                      References for 1 Samuel 20:25

                                      26 Nevertheless Saul did not speak anything that day, for he thought, "It is an accident, 22he is not clean, surely he is not clean."

                                      References for 1 Samuel 20:26

                                      27 It came about the next day, the second day of the new moon, that David's place was empty; so Saul said to Jonathan his son, "Why has the son of Jesse not come to the meal, either yesterday or today?"
                                      28 Jonathan then answered Saul, "23David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Bethlehem,

                                      References for 1 Samuel 20:28

                                      29 for he said, 'Please mlet me go, since our family has a sacrifice in the city, and my brother has commanded me to attend. And now, if I have found favor in your sight, please let me get away that I may see my brothers.' For this reason * he has not come to the king's table."

                                      References for 1 Samuel 20:29

                                        • Ł 20:29 - Lit "send me away"

                                          Saul Is Angry with Jonathan

                                          30 Then Saul's anger burned against Jonathan and he said to him, "You son of a perverse, rebellious woman! Do I not know that you are choosing the son of Jesse to your own shame and to the shame of your mother's nakedness?

                                          References for 1 Samuel 20:30

                                              31 "For nas long * as the son of Jesse lives on the earth, neither you nor your kingdom will be established. Therefore now, send and bring him to me, for 24he omust surely die."

                                              References for 1 Samuel 20:31

                                                • ł 20:31 - Lit "all the days which"
                                                • Ń 20:31 - Lit "is a son of death"
                                                  32 But Jonathan answered Saul his father and said to him, "25Why should he be put to death? What has he done?"

                                                  References for 1 Samuel 20:32

                                                  33 Then 26Saul hurled his spear at him to strike him down; 27so Jonathan knew that his father had decided to put David to death.

                                                  References for 1 Samuel 20:33

                                                  34 Then Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and did not eat food on the second day of the new moon, for he was grieved over David because his father had dishonored him.
                                                  35 Now it came about in the morning that Jonathan went out into the field for the appointment with David, and a little lad was with him.
                                                  36 He said to his lad, "28Run, find now the arrows which I am about to shoot." As the lad was running, he shot pan arrow past him.

                                                  References for 1 Samuel 20:36

                                                  37 When the lad reached the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan called after the lad and said, "29Is not the arrow beyond * you?"

                                                  References for 1 Samuel 20:37

                                                  38 And Jonathan called after the lad, "Hurry, be quick, do not stay!" And Jonathan's lad picked up the arrow and came to his master.
                                                  39 But the lad was not aware of anything; only Jonathan and David knew about the matter.
                                                  40 Then Jonathan gave his weapons to his lad and said to him, "Go, bring them to the city."
                                                  41 When the lad was gone, David rose from the south side and fell on his face to the ground, and 30bowed three times. And they kissed each other and wept together *, but 31David wept the more.

                                                  References for 1 Samuel 20:41

                                                  42 Jonathan said to David, "32Go in safety, inasmuch as we have sworn to each other in the name of the LORD, saying, '33The LORD will be between me and you, and between my qdescendants and your rdescendants forever *.' " sThen he rose and departed, while Jonathan went into the city.

                                                  References for 1 Samuel 20:42