Vision of the Ram and Goat

1 In the third year of the reign of Belshazzar the king a vision appeared to me, Daniel, subsequent to the one which appeared to me previously.

References for Daniel 8:1

    • a 8:1 - Lit "I, Daniel"
    • b 8:1 - Lit "at the beginning"
      2 I 1looked in the vision, and while I was looking I was in the citadel of 2Susa, which is in the province of 3Elam; and I looked in the vision and I myself was beside the Ulai Canal.

      References for Daniel 8:2

      3 Then I lifted my eyes and looked, and behold, a 4ram which had two horns was standing in front of the canal. Now the two horns were long, but one was longer than the other, with the longer one coming up last.

      References for Daniel 8:3

        • d 8:3 - Or "river"
        • e 8:3 - Lit "high(er)"
        • f 8:3 - Lit "high(er)"
        • g 8:3 - Lit "high(er)"
          4 I saw the ram 5butting westward, northward, and southward, and no other beasts could stand before him nor was there anyone to rescue from his power, but 6he did as he pleased and magnified himself.

          References for Daniel 8:4

          5 While I was observing, behold, a male goat was coming from the west over the surface of the whole earth without touching the ground; and the goat had a 7conspicuous horn between his eyes.

          References for Daniel 8:5

          6 He came up to the ram that had the two horns, which I had seen standing in front of the canal, and rushed at him in his mighty wrath.

          References for Daniel 8:6

            • j 8:6 - Or "river"
              7 I saw him come beside the ram, and he was enraged at him; and he struck the ram and shattered his two horns, and the ram had no strength to withstand him. So he hurled him to the ground and trampled on him, and there was none to rescue the ram from his power.

              References for Daniel 8:7

                • k 8:7 - Lit "hand"
                  8 Then the male goat magnified himself exceedingly *. But as soon as 8he was mighty, the 9large horn was broken; and in its place there came up four conspicuous horns toward the 10four winds of heaven.

                  References for Daniel 8:8

                  The Little Horn

                  9 Out of one of them came forth a rather 11small horn which grew exceedingly great toward the south, toward the east, and toward the 12Beautiful Land.

                  References for Daniel 8:9

                    • l 8:9 - I.e. Palestine
                      10 It grew up to the host of heaven and caused some of the host and some of the 13stars to fall to the earth, and it 14trampled them down.

                      References for Daniel 8:10

                      11 It even 15magnified itself to be equal with the Commander of the host; and it removed the 16regular sacrifice from Him, and the place of His sanctuary was thrown down.

                      References for Daniel 8:11

                      12 And on account of transgression the host will be given over to the horn along with the regular sacrifice; and it will 17fling truth to the ground and perform its will and prosper.

                      References for Daniel 8:12

                      13 Then I heard a 18holy one speaking, and another holy one said to that particular one who was speaking, "19How long * will the vision about the regular sacrifice apply, while the transgression causes horror, so as to allow both the holy place and the host to be 20trampled?"

                      References for Daniel 8:13

                        • o 8:13 - Or possibly "and the transgression that horrifies"
                        • p 8:13 - Lit "as a trampling"
                          14 He said to me, "For 21 2,300 * * evenings and mornings; then the holy place will be properly restored."

                          References for Daniel 8:14

                          Interpretation of the Vision

                          15 When 22I, Daniel, had seen the vision, I sought to understand it; and behold, standing before me was one who looked like a 23man.

                          References for Daniel 8:15

                            • r 8:15 - Lit "understanding"
                            • s 8:15 - Lit "like the appearance of a man"
                              16 And I heard the voice of a man between the banks of Ulai, and he called out and said, "24Gabriel, give this man an understanding of the vision."

                              References for Daniel 8:16

                              17 So he came near to where I was standing, and when he came I was frightened and 25fell on my face; but he said to me, "Son of man, understand that the vision pertains to the 26time of the end."

                              References for Daniel 8:17

                              18 Now while he was talking with me, I 27sank into a deep sleep with my face to the ground; but he 28touched me and made me stand upright *.

                              References for Daniel 8:18

                              19 He said, "Behold, I am going to 29let you know what will occur at the final period of the indignation, for it pertains to the appointed time of the end.

                              References for Daniel 8:19

                              The Ram's Identity

                              20 "The 30ram which you saw with the two horns represents the kings of Media and Persia.

                              References for Daniel 8:20

                              The Goat

                              21 "The shaggy goat represents the kingdom of Greece, and the large horn that is between his eyes is the first king.

                              References for Daniel 8:21

                                • u 8:21 - Lit "buck"
                                • v 8:21 - Lit "king"
                                  22 "The 31broken horn and the four horns that arose in its place represent four kingdoms which will arise from his nation, although not with his power.

                                  References for Daniel 8:22

                                  23 "In the latter period of their rule, When the transgressors have run their course, A king will arise, Insolent * and skilled in intrigue.

                                  References for Daniel 8:23

                                    • w 8:23 - Or "kingdom"
                                    • x 8:23 - Lit "finished"
                                    • y 8:23 - Lit "Strong of face"
                                    • z 8:23 - Or "ambiguous speech"
                                      24 "His power will be mighty, but not by his own power, And he will 32destroy to an extraordinary degree And prosper and perform his will; He will destroy mighty men and the holy people.

                                      References for Daniel 8:24

                                        • { 8:24 - Or "corrupt"
                                        • | 8:24 - Or "corrupt"
                                        • } 8:24 - Lit "people of the saints"
                                          25 "And through his shrewdness He will cause deceit to succeed by his influence; And he will magnify himself in his heart, And he will destroy many while they are at ease. He will even 33oppose the Prince of princes, But he will be broken 34without human agency.

                                          References for Daniel 8:25

                                            • ~ 8:25 - Lit "hand"
                                            •  8:25 - Or "corrupt"
                                            • € 8:25 - Or "secure"
                                            •  8:25 - Lit "stand against"
                                            • ‚ 8:25 - Lit "hand"
                                              26 "The vision of the evenings and mornings Which has been told is 35true; But 36keep the vision secret, For it pertains to many 37days in the future."

                                              References for Daniel 8:26

                                              27 Then I, Daniel, was 38exhausted and sick for days. Then I got up again and 39carried on the king's business; but I was astounded at the vision, and there was none to explain it.

                                              References for Daniel 8:27

                                                • ƒ 8:27 - Or "done in"
                                                • „ 8:27 - Lit "make" me "understand"