The words of the 1Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.
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"2Vanity of vanities," says the Preacher, "Vanity of vanities! All is vanity."
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3What advantage does man have in all his work Which he does under the sun?
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A generation goes and a generation comes, But the 4earth remains forever.
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Also, 5the sun rises and the sun sets; And hastening to its place it rises there again.
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6Blowing toward the south, Then turning toward the north, The wind continues swirling along; And on its circular courses the wind returns.
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All the rivers flow into the sea, Yet the sea is not full. To the place where the rivers flow, There they flow again.
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All things are wearisome; Man is not able to tell it. 7The eye is not satisfied with seeing, Nor is the ear filled with hearing.
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8That which has been is that which will be, And that which has been done is that which will be done. So there is nothing new under the sun.
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Is there anything of which one might say, "See this, it is new "? Already it has existed for ages Which were before us.
There is 9no remembrance of earlier things; And also of the later things which will occur, There will be for them no remembrance Among those who will come later still.
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I, the 10Preacher, have been king over Israel in Jerusalem.
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And I 11set my mind to seek and 12explore by wisdom concerning all that has been done under heaven. It is a grievous 13task which God has given to the sons of men to be afflicted with.
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I have seen all the works which have been done under the sun, and behold, all is 14vanity and striving after wind.
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What is 15crooked cannot be straightened and what is lacking cannot be counted.
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I said to myself, "Behold, I have magnified and increased 16wisdom more than all who were over Jerusalem before me; and my mind has observed a wealth of wisdom and knowledge."
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And I 17set my mind to know wisdom and to 18know madness and folly; I realized that this also is 19striving after wind.
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Because 20in much wisdom there is much grief, and increasing knowledge results in increasing pain.
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