The Fall of Jerusalem

1 1Zedekiah was twenty-one * years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven * years in Jerusalem; and his mother's name was 2Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of 3Libnah.
References for Jeremiah 52:1
2 He did 4evil in the sight of the LORD like all that 5Jehoiakim had done.
References for Jeremiah 52:2
3 For through the 6anger of the LORD this came about in Jerusalem and Judah until He cast them out from His presence. And Zedekiah 7rebelled against the king of Babylon.
References for Jeremiah 52:3
4 8Now it came about in the ninth year of his reign, on the tenth day of the tenth month, that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came, he and all his army, against Jerusalem, camped against it and built a 9siege wall all around it.
References for Jeremiah 52:4
5 10So the city was under siege until the eleventh * year of King Zedekiah.
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6 On the ninth day of the 11fourth month the 12famine was so severe in the city that there was no food for the people of the land.
7 Then the city was 13broken into, and all the 14men of war fled and went forth from the city at night by way of the gate between the two walls which was by the king's garden, though the Chaldeans were 15all around the city. And they went by way of the Arabah.
References for Jeremiah 52:7
    • c 52:7 - Lit "against the city on every side"
      8 But the army of the Chaldeans pursued the king and 16overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho, and all his army was scattered from him.
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      9 Then they captured the king and 17brought him up to the king of Babylon at 18Riblah in the land of 19Hamath, and he passed sentence on him.
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      10 The king of Babylon 20slaughtered the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes, and he also slaughtered all the princes of Judah in Riblah.
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      11 Then he 21blinded the eyes of Zedekiah; and the king of Babylon bound him with bronze fetters and brought him to Babylon and put him in prison * until the day of his death.
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      12 22Now on the tenth day of the fifth month, which was the 23nineteenth * year of King Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, 24Nebuzaradan the captain of the bodyguard, who was in the service * of the king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem.
      References for Jeremiah 52:12
      14 So all the army of the Chaldeans who were with the captain of the guard 27broke down all the walls around Jerusalem.
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      15 Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard 28carried away into exile some of the poorest of the people, the rest of the people who were left in the city, the 29deserters who had deserted to the king of Babylon and the rest of the artisans.
      References for Jeremiah 52:15
        • h 52:15 - Lit "fallers who had fallen"
          16 But 30Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard left some of the poorest of the land to be vinedressers and plowmen.
          References for Jeremiah 52:16
          17 Now the bronze 31pillars which belonged to the house of the LORD and the 32stands and the bronze 33sea, which were in the house of the LORD, the Chaldeans broke in pieces and carried all their bronze to Babylon.
          18 They also took away the 34pots, the shovels, the snuffers, the basins, the pans and all the bronze vessels which were used in temple service.
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          19 The captain of the guard also took away the 35bowls, the firepans, the basins, the pots, the lampstands, the pans and the drink offering bowls, what was fine gold and what was fine silver.
          References for Jeremiah 52:19
            • k 52:19 - Or "spoons" for incense
              20 The two pillars, the one sea, and the twelve * bronze bulls that were under the sea, and the stands, which King Solomon had made for the house of the LORD -the bronze of all these vessels was 36beyond weight.
              References for Jeremiah 52:20
                • l 52:20 - So Gr and Syriac; Heb omits "the sea"
                  21 As for the pillars, the 37height of each pillar was eighteen * cubits, and it was twelve * cubits in 38circumference * and four fingers in thickness, and hollow.
                  References for Jeremiah 52:21
                    • m 52:21 - I.e. One cubit equals approx 18 in.
                    • n 52:21 - Lit "a line of 12 cubits would encircle it"
                      22 Now a 39capital of bronze was on it; and the height of each capital was five cubits, with network and 40pomegranates upon the capital all around, all of bronze. And the second pillar was like these, including pomegranates.
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                      23 There were ninety-six exposed pomegranates; all 41the pomegranates numbered a hundred on the network all around.
                      References for Jeremiah 52:23
                        • o 52:23 - Lit "windward"
                          24 Then the captain of the guard took 42Seraiah the chief priest and 43Zephaniah the second priest, with the three 44officers of the temple.
                          25 He also took from the city one official who was overseer of the men of war, and seven of the 45king's advisers * who were found in the city, and the scribe of the commander of the army who mustered the people of the land, and sixty men of the people of the land who were found in the midst of the city.
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                            • q 52:25 - Lit "men of those seeing the king's face"
                              26 Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard took them and 46brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah.
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                              28 These are the people whom 49Nebuchadnezzar carried away into exile: in the seventh year 3,023 * * * Jews;
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                              30 in the twenty-third * year of Nebuchadnezzar, 50Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried into exile 745 * * * Jewish people; there were 4,600 * * persons in all.
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                              31 51Now it came about in the thirty-seventh * year of the exile of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth * month, on the twenty-fifth * of the month, that Evil-merodach king of Babylon, in the first year of his reign, 52showed favor * to Jehoiachin king of Judah and brought him out of prison *.
                              References for Jeremiah 52:31
                                • s 52:31 - Or "Awil-Marduk" (``Man of Marduk'')
                                • t 52:31 - Lit "lifted up the head of"
                                  32 53Then he spoke kindly to him and set his throne above * the thrones of the kings who were with him in Babylon.
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                                  33 So Jehoiachin 54changed his prison clothes, and 55had his meals in the king's presence regularly all the days of his life.
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                                      34 For his allowance, a 56regular allowance was given him by the king of Babylon, a daily portion all the days of his life until the day of his death.
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