Idolatry Leads to Servitude

1 1Now these are the nations which the LORD left, to test Israel by them (that is, all who had not experienced any of the wars of Canaan;

References for Judges 3:1

2 only in order that the generations of the sons of Israel might be taught war, those who had not experienced it formerly ).

References for Judges 3:2

    • b 3:2 - Lit "know, to teach them"
    • c 3:2 - Lit "only"
    • d 3:2 - Lit "known"
      3 These nations are: the five lords of the Philistines and all the Canaanites and the Sidonians and 2the Hivites who lived in Mount Lebanon, from Mount Baal-hermon as far as Lebo-hamath.

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        • e 3:3 - Or "the entrance of Hamath"
          4 They were for 3testing Israel, to find out if they would obey the commandments of the LORD, which He had commanded their fathers through Moses.

          References for Judges 3:4

            • f 3:4 - Lit "testing by them"
            • g 3:4 - Lit "hear"
            • h 3:4 - Lit "by the hand of"
              5 4The sons of Israel lived among the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites;

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              6 and 5they took their daughters for themselves as wives, and gave their own daughters to their sons, and served their gods.

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              7 The sons of Israel did 6what was evil in the sight of the LORD, and 7forgot the LORD their God and 8served the Baals and the Asheroth.

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                • i 3:7 - I.e. wooden symbol of a female deity
                  8 Then the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, so that He sold them into the hands of Cushan-rishathaim king of Mesopotamia; and the sons of Israel served Cushan-rishathaim eight years.

                  References for Judges 3:8

                    • j 3:8 - Heb "Aram-naharaim"

                      The First Judge Delivers Israel

                      9 When the sons of Israel cried to the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer for the sons of Israel to deliver them, 9Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.

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                      10 10The Spirit of the LORD came upon him, and he judged Israel. When he went out to war, the LORD gave Cushan-rishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand, so that he prevailed * over Cushan-rishathaim.

                      References for Judges 3:10

                        • k 3:10 - Heb "Aram"
                        • l 3:10 - Lit "his hand was strong"
                          11 Then the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.
                          12 Now the sons of Israel again 11did evil in the sight of the LORD. So 12the LORD strengthened Eglon the king of Moab against Israel, because * they had done evil in the sight of the LORD.

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                          13 And he gathered to himself the sons of Ammon and Amalek; and he went and defeated Israel, and they possessed 13the city of the palm trees.

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                          Ehud Delivers from Moab

                          15 But when the sons of Israel 14cried to the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer for them, Ehud the son of Gera, the Benjamite, a left-handed * * man. And the sons of Israel sent tribute by him to Eglon the king of Moab.

                          References for Judges 3:15

                            • n 3:15 - Lit "his hand"
                              16 Ehud made himself a sword which had two edges, a cubit in length, and he bound it on his right thigh under his cloak.
                              17 He presented the tribute to Eglon king of Moab. Now Eglon was a very fat man.
                              18 It came about when he had finished presenting the tribute, that he sent away the people who had carried the tribute.
                              19 But he himself turned back from the idols which were at Gilgal, and said, "I have a secret message for you, O king." And he said, "Keep silence." And all who attended him left him.
                              20 Ehud came to him while he was sitting alone in his cool roof chamber. And Ehud said, "I have a message from God for you." And he arose from his seat.
                              21 Ehud stretched out his left hand, took the sword from his right thigh and thrust it into his belly.
                              22 The handle also went in after the blade, and the fat closed over the blade, for he did not draw the sword out of his belly; and the refuse came out.
                              23 Then Ehud went out into the vestibule and shut the doors of the roof chamber behind him, and locked them.
                              24 When he had gone out, his servants came and looked, and behold, the doors of the roof chamber were locked; and they said, "15He is only relieving * himself in the cool room."

                              References for Judges 3:24

                                • o 3:24 - Lit "covering his feet"
                                  25 They waited until they became anxious; but behold, he did not open the doors of the roof chamber. Therefore they took the key and opened them, and behold, their master had fallen to the floor dead.

                                  References for Judges 3:25

                                    • p 3:25 - Lit "were ashamed"
                                    • q 3:25 - Lit "earth"
                                      26 Now Ehud escaped while they were delaying, and he passed by the idols and escaped to Seirah.
                                      27 It came about when he had arrived, that 16he blew the trumpet in the hill country of Ephraim; and the sons of Israel went down with him from the hill country, and he was in front of them.

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                                      28 He said to them, "Pursue them, for the LORD has given your enemies the Moabites into your hands." So they went down after him and seized 17the fords of the Jordan opposite Moab, and did not allow anyone to cross.

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                                      29 They struck down at that time about ten thousand Moabites, all robust and valiant men; and no one escaped.
                                      30 So Moab was subdued that day under the hand of Israel. And the land was undisturbed for eighty years.

                                      Shamgar Delivers from Philistines

                                      31 After him came 18Shamgar the son of Anath, who struck down six hundred Philistines with an oxgoad; and he also saved Israel.

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