The Twelve Disciples; Instructions for Service

1 Jesus 1summoned His twelve disciples and gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to 2heal every kind of disease and every kind of sickness.

References for Matthew 10:1

2 3Now the names of the twelve apostles are these: The first, 4Simon, who is called Peter, and 5Andrew his brother; and 6James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother;

References for Matthew 10:2

    • a 10:2 - Or "Jacob;" James is the Eng form of Jacob
    • b 10:2 - Gr "Joannes," Heb "Johanan"
      3 7Philip and Bartholomew; 8Thomas and 9Matthew the tax collector; 10James the son of Alphaeus, and 11Thaddaeus;

      References for Matthew 10:3

        • c 10:3 - I.e. son of Talmai (Aram)
        • d 10:3 - Or "Jacob"
          4 Simon the Zealot, and 12Judas Iscariot, the one who betrayed Him.

          References for Matthew 10:4

          5 13These twelve Jesus sent out after instructing them: "Do not go in the way of the Gentiles, and do not enter any city of the 14Samaritans;

          References for Matthew 10:5

            • f 10:5 - Or "go off"
            • g 10:5 - Or "on the road of" (Gr "hodos:" "way" or "road")
              6 but rather go to 15the lost sheep of the house of Israel.

              References for Matthew 10:6

              7 "And as you go, preach, saying, '16The kingdom of heaven is at hand.'

              References for Matthew 10:7

                • h 10:7 - Or "proclaim"
                • i 10:7 - Lit "has come near"
                  9 "17Do not acquire gold, or silver, or copper for your money belts,

                  References for Matthew 10:9

                  10 or a bag for your journey, or even two coats, or sandals, or a staff; for 18the worker is worthy of his support.

                  References for Matthew 10:10

                    • j 10:10 - Or "knapsack", or "beggar's bag"
                    • k 10:10 - Or "inner garments"
                    • l 10:10 - Lit "nourishment"
                      11 "And whatever * city or village you enter, inquire who is worthy in it, and stay at his house until you leave that city.

                      References for Matthew 10:11

                        • m 10:11 - Lit "there until"
                          12 "As you enter the house, 19give it your greeting.

                          References for Matthew 10:12

                            • n 10:12 - Or "household"
                            • o 10:12 - I.e. the familiar Heb blessing, ``Peace be to this house!''
                              13 "If the house is worthy, give it your blessing of peace. But if it is not worthy, take back your blessing of peace.

                              References for Matthew 10:13

                                • p 10:13 - Lit "your peace is to come upon it"
                                • q 10:13 - Lit "your peace is to return to you"
                                  14 "Whoever does not receive you, nor heed your words, as you go out of that house or that city, 20shake the dust off your feet.

                                  References for Matthew 10:14

                                  A Hard Road before Them

                                  16 "24Behold, I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves; so be 25shrewd as serpents and 26innocent as doves.

                                  References for Matthew 10:16

                                  17 "But beware of men, for they will hand you over to the 27courts and scourge you 28in their synagogues;
                                  18 and you will even be brought before governors and kings for My sake, as a testimony to them and to the Gentiles.
                                  19 "29But when they hand you over, 30do not worry about how or what you are to say; for it will be given you in that hour what you are to say.

                                  References for Matthew 10:19

                                  20 "For 31it is not you who speak, but it is the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you.

                                  References for Matthew 10:20