On October 31 the people returned for another observance. This time they fasted and dressed in sackcloth and sprinkled dust on their heads.
References for Nehemiah 9:1
Those of Israelite descent separated themselves from all foreigners as they confessed their own sins and the sins of their ancestors.
The Book of the Law of the LORD their God was read aloud to them for about three hours. Then for three more hours they took turns confessing their sins and worshiping the LORD their God.
References for Nehemiah 9:3
Some of the Levites were standing on the stairs, crying out to the LORD their God. Their names were Jeshua, Bani, Kadmiel, Shebaniah, Bunni, Sherebiah, Bani, and Kenani.
Then the leaders of the Levites -- Jeshua, Kadmiel, Bani, Hashabneiah, Sherebiah, Hodiah, Shebaniah, and Pethahiah -- called out to the people: "Stand up and praise the LORD your God, for he lives from everlasting to everlasting!" Then they continued, "Praise his glorious name! It is far greater than we can think or say.