On October 31 the people assembled again, and this time they fasted and dressed in burlap and sprinkled dust on their heads.
References for Nehemiah 9:1
Those of Israelite descent separated themselves from all foreigners as they confessed their own sins and the sins of their ancestors.
They remained standing in place for three hours while the Book of the Law of the their God was read aloud to them. Then for three more hours they confessed their sins and worshiped the their God.
References for Nehemiah 9:3
The Levites—Jeshua, Bani, Kadmiel, Shebaniah, Bunni, Sherebiah, Bani, and Kenani—stood on the stairway of the Levites and cried out to the their God with loud voices.
Then the leaders of the Levites—Jeshua, Kadmiel, Bani, Hashabneiah, Sherebiah, Hodiah, Shebaniah, and Pethahiah—called out to the people: “Stand up and praise the your God, for he lives from everlasting to everlasting!” Then they prayed: “May your glorious name be praised! May it be exalted above all blessing and praise!