2 Chronicles 33:1-20

Manasseh King of Judah

1 Manasseh was twelve years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem fifty-five years.
2 He did evil in the eyes of the LORD, following the detestable practices of the nations the LORD had driven out before the Israelites.
3 He rebuilt the high places his father Hezekiah had demolished; he also erected altars to the Baals and made Asherah poles. He bowed down to all the starry hosts and worshiped them.
4 He built altars in the temple of the LORD, of which the LORD had said, “My Name will remain in Jerusalem forever.”
5 In both courts of the temple of the LORD, he built altars to all the starry hosts.
6 He sacrificed his children in the fire in the Valley of Ben Hinnom, practiced divination and witchcraft, sought omens, and consulted mediums and spiritists. He did much evil in the eyes of the LORD, arousing his anger.
7 He took the image he had made and put it in God’s temple, of which God had said to David and to his son Solomon, “In this temple and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, I will put my Name forever.
8 I will not again make the feet of the Israelites leave the land I assigned to your ancestors, if only they will be careful to do everything I commanded them concerning all the laws, decrees and regulations given through Moses.”
9 But Manasseh led Judah and the people of Jerusalem astray, so that they did more evil than the nations the LORD had destroyed before the Israelites.
10 The LORD spoke to Manasseh and his people, but they paid no attention.
11 So the LORD brought against them the army commanders of the king of Assyria, who took Manasseh prisoner, put a hook in his nose, bound him with bronze shackles and took him to Babylon.
12 In his distress he sought the favor of the LORD his God and humbled himself greatly before the God of his ancestors.
13 And when he prayed to him, the LORD was moved by his entreaty and listened to his plea; so he brought him back to Jerusalem and to his kingdom. Then Manasseh knew that the LORD is God.
14 Afterward he rebuilt the outer wall of the City of David, west of the Gihon spring in the valley, as far as the entrance of the Fish Gate and encircling the hill of Ophel; he also made it much higher. He stationed military commanders in all the fortified cities in Judah.
15 He got rid of the foreign gods and removed the image from the temple of the LORD, as well as all the altars he had built on the temple hill and in Jerusalem; and he threw them out of the city.
16 Then he restored the altar of the LORD and sacrificed fellowship offerings and thank offerings on it, and told Judah to serve the LORD, the God of Israel.
17 The people, however, continued to sacrifice at the high places, but only to the LORD their God.
18 The other events of Manasseh’s reign, including his prayer to his God and the words the seers spoke to him in the name of the LORD, the God of Israel, are written in the annals of the kings of Israel.[a]
19 His prayer and how God was moved by his entreaty, as well as all his sins and unfaithfulness, and the sites where he built high places and set up Asherah poles and idols before he humbled himself—all these are written in the records of the seers.[b]
20 Manasseh rested with his ancestors and was buried in his palace. And Amon his son succeeded him as king.

2 Chronicles 33:1 in Other Translations

KJV
1 Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign, and he reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem:
ESV
1 Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign, and he reigned fifty-five years in Jerusalem.
NLT
1 Manasseh was twelve years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem fifty-five years.
MSG
1 Manasseh was twelve years old when he became king. He ruled for fifty-five years in Jerusalem.
CSB
1 Manasseh was 12 years old when he became king; he reigned 55 years in Jerusalem.

2 Chronicles 33:1-20 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO 2 CHRONICLES 33

This chapter gives an account of the reign of Manasseh, of his idolatries and impieties, 2Ch 33:1-10, of his captivity, humiliation, repentance, and reformation, 2Ch 33:11-17 of his last end, death, and burial, 2Ch 33:18-20 and of the wicked reign of Amon his son, and of his death by his servants, 2Ch 33:21-25.

2 Chronicles 33:1-20 In-Context

1 Manasseh was twelve years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem fifty-five years.
2 He did evil in the eyes of the LORD, following the detestable practices of the nations the LORD had driven out before the Israelites.
3 He rebuilt the high places his father Hezekiah had demolished; he also erected altars to the Baals and made Asherah poles. He bowed down to all the starry hosts and worshiped them.
4 He built altars in the temple of the LORD, of which the LORD had said, “My Name will remain in Jerusalem forever.”
5 In both courts of the temple of the LORD, he built altars to all the starry hosts.
6 He sacrificed his children in the fire in the Valley of Ben Hinnom, practiced divination and witchcraft, sought omens, and consulted mediums and spiritists. He did much evil in the eyes of the LORD, arousing his anger.
7 He took the image he had made and put it in God’s temple, of which God had said to David and to his son Solomon, “In this temple and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, I will put my Name forever.
8 I will not again make the feet of the Israelites leave the land I assigned to your ancestors, if only they will be careful to do everything I commanded them concerning all the laws, decrees and regulations given through Moses.”
9 But Manasseh led Judah and the people of Jerusalem astray, so that they did more evil than the nations the LORD had destroyed before the Israelites.
10 The LORD spoke to Manasseh and his people, but they paid no attention.
11 So the LORD brought against them the army commanders of the king of Assyria, who took Manasseh prisoner, put a hook in his nose, bound him with bronze shackles and took him to Babylon.
12 In his distress he sought the favor of the LORD his God and humbled himself greatly before the God of his ancestors.
13 And when he prayed to him, the LORD was moved by his entreaty and listened to his plea; so he brought him back to Jerusalem and to his kingdom. Then Manasseh knew that the LORD is God.
14 Afterward he rebuilt the outer wall of the City of David, west of the Gihon spring in the valley, as far as the entrance of the Fish Gate and encircling the hill of Ophel; he also made it much higher. He stationed military commanders in all the fortified cities in Judah.
15 He got rid of the foreign gods and removed the image from the temple of the LORD, as well as all the altars he had built on the temple hill and in Jerusalem; and he threw them out of the city.
16 Then he restored the altar of the LORD and sacrificed fellowship offerings and thank offerings on it, and told Judah to serve the LORD, the God of Israel.
17 The people, however, continued to sacrifice at the high places, but only to the LORD their God.
18 The other events of Manasseh’s reign, including his prayer to his God and the words the seers spoke to him in the name of the LORD, the God of Israel, are written in the annals of the kings of Israel.
19 His prayer and how God was moved by his entreaty, as well as all his sins and unfaithfulness, and the sites where he built high places and set up Asherah poles and idols before he humbled himself—all these are written in the records of the seers.
20 Manasseh rested with his ancestors and was buried in his palace. And Amon his son succeeded him as king.
21 Amon was twenty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem two years.
22 He did evil in the eyes of the LORD, as his father Manasseh had done. Amon worshiped and offered sacrifices to all the idols Manasseh had made.
23 But unlike his father Manasseh, he did not humble himself before the LORD; Amon increased his guilt.
24 Amon’s officials conspired against him and assassinated him in his palace.

Cross References 25

  • 1. S 1 Chronicles 3:13
  • 2. Jeremiah 15:4
  • 3. S Deuteronomy 18:9; 2 Chronicles 28:3
  • 4. Deuteronomy 16:21-22; S 2 Chronicles 24:18
  • 5. Deuteronomy 17:3; 2 Chronicles 31:1
  • 6. 2 Chronicles 7:16
  • 7. S 2 Chronicles 4:9
  • 8. S Leviticus 18:21; S Deuteronomy 18:10; 2 Chronicles 28:3
  • 9. S Exodus 22:18; S Leviticus 19:31
  • 10. S 1 Samuel 28:13
  • 11. S 2 Chronicles 7:16
  • 12. S 2 Samuel 7:10
  • 13. Jeremiah 15:4; Ezekiel 5:7
  • 14. S Deuteronomy 28:36
  • 15. S 2 Kings 19:28; Isaiah 37:29; Ezekiel 29:4; Ezekiel 38:4; Amos 4:2
  • 16. Psalms 149:8
  • 17. S 2 Chronicles 6:37; 2 Chronicles 32:26; 1 Peter 5:6
  • 18. S 1 Kings 1:33
  • 19. Nehemiah 3:3; Nehemiah 12:39; Zephaniah 1:10
  • 20. 2 Chronicles 27:3; Nehemiah 3:26
  • 21. ver 3-7; 2 Kings 23:12
  • 22. Leviticus 7:11-18
  • 23. S 2 Chronicles 6:37
  • 24. 2 Kings 21:17
  • 25. 2 Kings 21:18; S 2 Chronicles 21:20

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. That is, Judah, as frequently in 2 Chronicles
  • [b]. One Hebrew manuscript and Septuagint; most Hebrew manuscripts "of Hozai"
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