1 "For the kingdom of heaven is like a landowner who went out early in the morning to hire workers for his vineyard. 2 After agreeing with the workers on one denarius for the day, he sent them into his vineyard. 3 When he went out about nine in the morning, he saw others standing in the marketplace doing nothing. 4 To those men he said, 'You also go to my vineyard, and I'll give you whatever is right.' So off they went. 5 About noon and at three, he went out again and did the same thing. 6 Then about five he went and found others standing around, and said to them, 'Why have you been standing here all day doing nothing?' 7 " 'Because no one hired us,' they said to him. " 'You also go to my vineyard,' he told them. 8 When evening came, the owner of the vineyard told his foreman, 'Call the workers and give them their pay, starting with the last and ending with the first.' 9 "When those who were hired about five came, they each received one denarius. 10 So when the first ones came, they assumed they would get more, but they also received a denarius each. 11 When they received it, they began to complain to the landowner: 12 'These last men put in one hour, and you made them equal to us who bore the burden of the day and the burning heat!' 13 "He replied to one of them, 'Friend, I'm doing you no wrong. Didn't you agree with me on a denarius? 14 Take what's yours and go. I want to give this last man the same as I gave you. 15 Don't I have the right to do what I want with my business? Are you jealous because I'm generous?' 16 "So the last will be first, and the first last."
1The Lord spoke to Moses:2"Send men to scout out the land of Canaan I am giving to the Israelites. Send one man who is a leader among them from each of their ancestral tribes."3Moses sent them from the Wilderness of Paran at the Lord's command. All the men were leaders in Israel.4These were their names: Shammua son of Zaccur from the tribe of Reuben; 5Shaphat son of Hori from the tribe of Simeon; 6Caleb son of Jephunneh from the tribe of Judah; 7Igal son of Joseph from the tribe of Issachar; 8Hoshea son of Nun from the tribe of Ephraim; 9Palti son of Raphu from the tribe of Benjamin; 10Gaddiel son of Sodi from the tribe of Zebulun; 11Gaddi son of Susi from the tribe of Manasseh (from the tribe of Joseph); 12Ammiel son of Gemalli from the tribe of Dan; 13Sethur son of Michael from the tribe of Asher; 14Nahbi son of Vophsi from the tribe of Naphtali; 15Geuel son of Machi from the tribe of Gad. 16These were the names of the men Moses sent to scout out the land, and Moses renamed Hoshea son of Nun, Joshua. 17When Moses sent them to scout out the land of Canaan, he told them, "Go up this way to the Negev, then go up into the hill country.18See what the land is like, and whether the people who live there are strong or weak, few or many.19Is the land they live in good or bad? Are the cities they live in encampments or fortifications?20Is the land fertile or unproductive? Are there trees in it or not? Be courageous. Bring back some fruit from the land." It was the season for the first ripe grapes. 21So they went up and scouted out the land from the Wilderness of Zin as far as Rehob near the entrance to Hamath.22They went up through the Negev and came to Hebron, where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the descendants of Anak, were living. Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.23When they came to the Valley of Eshcol, they cut down a branch with a single cluster of grapes, which was carried on a pole by two men. [They] also [took] some pomegranates and figs.24That place was called the Valley of Eshcol because of the cluster [of grapes] the Israelites cut there.25At the end of 40 days they returned from scouting out the land.
26The men went back to Moses, Aaron, and the entire Israelite community in the Wilderness of Paran at Kadesh. They brought back a report for them and the whole community, and they showed them the fruit of the land.27They reported to Moses: "We went into the land where you sent us. Indeed it is flowing with milk and honey, and here is some of its fruit.28However, the people living in the land are strong, and the cities are large and fortified. We also saw the descendants of Anak there.29The Amalekites are living in the land of the Negev; the Hittites, Jebusites, and Amorites live in the hill country; and the Canaanites live by the sea and along the Jordan." 30Then Caleb quieted the people in the presence of Moses and said, "We must go up and take possession of the land because we can certainly conquer it!" 31But the men who had gone up with him responded, "We can't go up against the people because they are stronger than we are!"32So they gave a negative report to the Israelites about the land they had scouted: "The land we passed through to explore is one that devours its inhabitants, and all the people we saw in it are men of great size.33We even saw the Nephilim there." (The offspring of Anak were descended from the Nephilim.) "To ourselves we seemed like grasshoppers, and we must have seemed the same to them."
1Then the whole community broke into loud cries, and the people wept that night.2All the Israelites complained about Moses and Aaron, and the whole community told them, "If only we had died in the land of Egypt, or if only we had died in this wilderness!3Why is the Lord bringing us into this land to die by the sword? Our wives and little children will become plunder. Wouldn't it be better for us to go back to Egypt?"4So they said to one another, "Let's appoint a leader and go back to Egypt." 5Then Moses and Aaron fell down with their faces [to the ground] in front of the whole assembly of the Israelite community.6Joshua son of Nun and Caleb son of Jephunneh, who were among those who scouted out the land, tore their clothes7and said to the entire Israelite community: "The land we passed through and explored is an extremely good land.8If the Lord is pleased with us, He will bring us into this land, a land flowing with milk and honey, and give it to us.9Only don't rebel against the Lord, and don't be afraid of the people of the land, for we will devour them. Their protection has been removed from them, and the Lord is with us. Don't be afraid of them!" 10While the whole community threatened to stone them, the glory of the Lord appeared to all the Israelites at the tent of meeting.
11The Lord said to Moses, "How long will these people despise Me? How long will they not trust in Me despite all the signs I have performed among them?12I will strike them with a plague and destroy them. Then I will make you into a greater and mightier nation than they are." 13But Moses replied to the Lord, "The Egyptians will hear about it, for by Your strength You brought up this people from them.14They will tell [it to] the inhabitants of this land. They have heard that You, Lord, are among these people, how You, Lord, are seen face to face, how Your cloud stands over them, and how You go before them in a pillar of cloud by day and in a pillar of fire by night.15If You kill this people with a single blow, the nations that have heard of Your fame will declare,16'Since the Lord wasn't able to bring this people into the land He swore to [give] them, He has slaughtered them in the wilderness.' 17"So now, may My Lord's power be magnified just as You have spoken:18The Lord is slow to anger and rich in faithful love, forgiving wrongdoing and rebellion. But He will not leave [the guilty] unpunished, bringing the consequences of the fathers' wrongdoing on the children to the third and fourth generation.19Please pardon the wrongdoing of this people in keeping with the greatness of Your faithful love, just as You have forgiven them from Egypt until now." 20The Lord responded, "I have pardoned [them] as you requested.21Yet as surely as I live and as the whole earth is filled with the Lord's glory,22none of the men who have seen My glory and the signs I performed in Egypt and in the wilderness, and have tested Me these 10 times and did not obey Me,23will ever see the land I swore to [give] their fathers. None of those who have despised Me will see it.24But since My servant Caleb has a different spirit and has followed Me completely, I will bring him into the land where he has gone, and his descendants will inherit it.25Since the Amalekites and Canaanites are living in the lowlands, turn back tomorrow and head for the wilderness in the direction of the Red Sea." 26Then the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron:27"How long [must I endure] this evil community that keeps complaining about Me? I have heard the Israelites' complaints that they make against Me.28Tell them: As surely as I live, declares the Lord, I will do to you exactly as I heard you say.29Your corpses will fall in this wilderness-all of you who were registered [in the census], the entire number of you 20 years old or more-because you have complained about Me.30I swear that none of you will enter the land I promised to settle you in, except Caleb son of Jephunneh and Joshua son of Nun.31I will bring your children whom you said would become plunder into the land you rejected, and they will enjoy it.32But as for you, your corpses will fall in this wilderness.33Your children will be shepherds in the wilderness for 40 years and bear the penalty for your acts of unfaithfulness until all your corpses lie [scattered] in the wilderness.34You will bear the consequences of your sins 40 years based on the number of the 40 days that you scouted the land, a year for each day. You will know My displeasure.35I, the Lord, have spoken. I swear that I will do this to the entire evil community that has conspired against Me. They will come to an end in the wilderness, and there they will die." 36So the men Moses sent to scout out the land, and who returned and incited the entire community to complain about him by spreading a bad report about the land-37those men who spread the report about the land were struck down by the Lord.38Only Joshua son of Nun and Caleb son of Jephunneh remained alive of those men who went to scout out the land.
39When Moses reported these words to all the Israelites, the people were overcome with grief.40They got up early the next morning and went up the ridge of the hill country, saying, "Let's go to the place the Lord promised, for we were wrong." 41But Moses responded, "Why are you going against the Lord's command? It won't succeed.42Don't go, because the Lord is not among you and you will be defeated by your enemies.43The Amalekites and Canaanites are right in front of you, and you will fall by the sword. The Lord won't be with you, since you have turned from following Him." 44But they dared to go up the ridge of the hill country, even though the ark of the Lord's covenant and Moses did not leave the camp.45Then the Amalekites and Canaanites who lived in that [part of the] hill country came down, attacked them, and routed them as far as Hormah.
1Indeed, I took all this to heart and explained it all: the righteous, the wise, and their works are in God's hands. People don't know whether [to expect] love or hate. Everything lies ahead of them.2Everything is the same for everyone: there is one fate for the righteous and the wicked, for the good and the bad, for the clean and the unclean, for the one who sacrifices and the one who does not sacrifice. As it is for the good, so it is for the sinner, as for the one who takes an oath, so for the one who fears an oath.3This is an evil in all that is done under the sun: there is one fate for everyone. In addition, the hearts of people are full of evil, and madness is in their hearts while they live-after that they go to the dead.4But there is hope for whoever is joined with all the living, since a live dog is better than a dead lion.5For the living know that they will die, but the dead don't know anything. There is no longer a reward for them because the memory of them is forgotten.6Their love, their hate, and their envy have already disappeared, and there is no longer a portion for them in all that is done under the sun. 7Go, eat your bread with pleasure, and drink your wine with a cheerful heart, for God has already accepted your works.8Let your clothes be white all the time, and never let oil be lacking on your head.9Enjoy life with the wife you love all the days of your fleeting life, which has been given to you under the sun, all your fleeting days. For that is your portion in life and in your struggle under the sun.10Whatever your hands find to do, do with [all] your strength, because there is no work, planning, knowledge, or wisdom in Sheol where you are going.
11Again I saw under the sun that the race is not to the swift, or the battle to the strong, or bread to the wise, or riches to the discerning, or favor to the skillful; rather, time and chance happen to all of them.12For man certainly does not know his time: like fish caught in a cruel net, or like birds caught in a trap, so people are trapped in an evil time, as it suddenly falls on them.