Proverbs 13

1 A wise son listens to the discipline of his father, but a mocker doesn't listen to correction.
2 People eat well from the fruit of their words, but the treacherous have an appetite only for violence.
3 People who watch their mouths guard their lives, but those who open their lips are ruined.
4 The lazy have strong desires but receive nothing; the appetite of the diligent is satisfied.
5 The righteous hate false words, but the wicked create disgust and scorn.
6 Righteousness guards the innocent on the path, but wickedness misleads sinners.
7 Some pretend to be rich but have nothing, while others pretend to be poor, but have great riches.
8 Wealth can ransom a person's life, but the poor don't even receive threats.
9 The light of the righteous rejoices, but the lamp of the wicked goes out.
10 The empty-headed cause conflict out of pride; those who take advice are wise.
11 Riches gotten quickly will dwindle, but those who acquire them gradually become wealthy.
12 Hope delayed makes the heart sick; longing fulfilled is a tree of life.
13 Trouble will come on those who despise a word, but those who respect the commandment will be rewarded.
14 The teaching of the wise is a fountain of life, turning a person away from deathtraps.
15 Good insight brings favor, but the way of the faithless is their ruin.
16 The prudent all act intelligently, but fools display their stupidity.
17 Wicked messengers fall into trouble, but a reliable one brings healing.
18 Poverty and shame come to those who don't care about instruction; honor belongs to those who heed correction.
19 A desire fulfilled is pleasant, but fools find deviating from evil disgusting.
20 Walk with wise people and become wise; befriend fools and get in trouble.
21 Trouble pursues sinners, but good things reward the righteous.
22 Good people leave their grandchildren an inheritance, but the wealth of sinners is stored up for the righteous.
23 A poor person's land might produce much food, but it is unjustly swept away.
24 Those who withhold the rod hate their children, but the one who loves them applies discipline.
25 The righteous eat their fill, but the wicked have empty stomachs.

Proverbs 13 Commentary

Chapter 13

Verse 1 There is great hope of those that reverence their parents. There is little hope of any who will not hear those that deal faithfully with them. Verse 2 . By our words we must be justified or condemned, ( Verse 3 ) . He that thinks before he speaks, that suppresses evil if he have thought it, keeps his soul from a great deal both of guilt and grief. Many a one is ruined by an ungoverned tongue. Verse 4 . The slothful desire the gains the diligent get, but hate the pains the diligent take; therefore they have nothing. This is especially true as to the soul. Verse 5 . Where sin reigns, the man is loathsome. If his conscience were awake, he would abhor himself, and repent in dust and ashes. Verse 6 . An honest desire to do right, preserves a man from fatal mistakes, better than a thousand fine-drawn distinctions. Verse 7 . Some who are really poor, trade and spend as if they were rich: this is sin, and will be shame, and it will end accordingly. Some that are really rich, would be thought to be poor: in this there is want of gratitude to God, want of justice and charity to others. There are many hypocrites, empty of grace, who will not be convinced of their poverty. There are many fearing Christians, who are spiritually rich, yet think themselves poor; by their doubts, and complaints, and griefs, they make themselves poor. Verse 8 . Great riches often tempt to violence against those that possess them; but the poor are free from such perils. Verse 9 . The light of the righteous is as that of the sun, which may be eclipsed and clouded, but will continue: the Spirit is their Light, he gives a fulness of joy: that of the wicked is as a lamp of their own kindling, easily put out. Verse 10 . All contentions, whether between private persons, families, churches, or nations, are begun and carried forward by pride. Disputes would be easily prevented or ended, if it were not for pride. Verse 11 . Wealth gotten by dishonesty or vice, has a secret curse, which will speedily waste it. Verse 12 . The delay of what is anxiously hoped for, is very painful to the mind; obtaining it is very pleasant. But spiritual blessings are chiefly intended. Verse 13 . He that stands in awe of God, and reverences his word, shall escape destruction, and be rewarded for his godly fear. Verse 14 . The rule by which the wise regulate their conduct, is a fountain yielding life and happiness. Verse 15 . The way of sinners is hard upon others, and hard to the sinner himself. The service of sin is slavery; the road to hell is strewed with the thorns and thistles that followed the curse. Verse 16 . It is folly to talk of things of which we know nothing, and to undertake what we are no way fit for. Verse 17 . Those that are wicked, and false to Christ and to the souls of men, do mischief, and fall into mischief; but those that are faithful, find sound words healing to others and to themselves. Verse 18 . He that scorns to be taught, will certainly be brought down. Verse 19 . There are in man strong desires after happiness; but never let those expect any thing truly sweet to their souls, who will not be persuaded to leave their sins. Verse 20 . Multitudes are brought to ruin by bad company. And all that make themselves wicked will be destroyed. Verse 21 . When God pursues sinners he is sure to overtake them; and he will reward the righteous. Verse 22 . The servant of God who is not anxious about riches, takes the best method of providing for his children. Verse 23 . The poor, yet industrious, thrive, though in a homely manner, while those who have great riches are often brought to poverty for want of judgment. Verse 24 . He acts as if he hated his child, who, by false indulgence, permits sinful habits to gather strength, which will bring sorrow here, and misery hereafter. Verse 25 . It is the misery of the wicked, that even their sensual appetites are always craving. The righteous feeds on the word and ordinances, to the satisfying of his soul with the promises of the gospel, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who is the Bread of life.

Footnotes 3

  • [a]. Heb lacks listens to.
  • [b]. LXX; MT from meaninglessness
  • [c]. LXX, Syr, Vulg; MT endures

Proverbs 13 Commentaries