Abgarus, on the picture of Christ said

to have been presented to, 203

Ability, present, not ground of sinner's

accountability, - 102

Ability, gracious, consequences of re-
garding it as ground of sinner's

guilt, 108

"Absolute," Mr. Spencer's idea of chi-
merical, 51

in what sense God is, 51, 74

Accountability, not measured by pres-
ent ability, 102

Accumulation of property, robbery ac-
cording to Socialism, 452

dangers of, according to some 452

Socialistic proposals of its limitation, 453
the Intellectual and moral prerequi-
site of, 462

Mill's suggested legal limitations, 462

has its economical limitations 462, 463

has its Christian limitations 463, 464

must be subservient to the principles

of religion and benevolence, 463,464

Achromatic lenses, illustration from tho

construction of,. 445

Adam, bow did he sin though possessed

of a holy disposition? 108

difficulty of explaining his fall...108.109
had the power of contrary choice,... 108

ohose according to motive, 109

whence the motive of his choice? 109

his being deceived presupposes unbe-
lief, 109

the theory that he received assisting

not supernatural grace, 109

his apostasy first internal, 110

his apostasy changed the nature, 110

his first differed from his subsequent

sins, 110

his fall cannot be explained on any

present theory of will, 108,110

his sin, why imputed to us, 224

Adams, Charles F., his educational re-
forms, 426

Adaptation, 569-5T2

Adaptation, ministerial, its nature 5T0

its sources, 570,571

its results 571,572

Addresses To Successive Graduat-
Ing Classes, 544-686

"Adequate" cause distinguished from
"efficient," 92

Adultery, its punishment under Mosaic

law, 437

annuls as effectively as death the mar-

rlage relation, 438

opinions of Roman church regard-
ing, 438

sole valid ground of divorce, 438

its theocratic penalty among Jews

during Roman domination, 438

the action of Christ in relation to, 438. 439
ought to be subject of severe legisla-
tion 439

.*>»!>, one of his fables referred to, 455

Africa, progress of discovery in, illus-
trative of researches into man's na-
ture, 96, 97

Afritc, and king's daughter, illustra-
tion from, 243

Age, present, one of dogmatism, 557

its skeptical aspect, 558, 559

Aiat of Koran, 146

Albans, Saint, fable of, 146

Alchemy, its punishment according to

Dante 512

Alexander, Dr. J. W., on Union with

Christ, 220

Alfred, King, on man's goodness, 115

Allegheny and Monongahela, their

junction a type of man's nature,... I9O
Alps, melting of snow on, an illustra-
tion from, 5

Al-raschid, see Raschid,

Alumni, of Rochester Theological Sem-
inary/address to, 1-18

meeting of, sentiments suitable to,.. 1, 2

Amphion, the preacher an, 276

Amsterdam, its pile-foundations al-
luded to, 3

Anagogical interpretation, what? 505

Anaxlmander, his one postulate, 40

Ancestral experiences, their fundamen-
tal value according to Spencer,. ..49, 50
according to 8pencer, the origin of

moral obligation, 53

Andaman Islanders, their supposed

atheism considered, 78

Angelo, Michael, his fresco of last judg-
ment, 208

his universal genius, 550

Anselm, on development in Genesis,... 45
•' Antecedence," not equivalent to
"causation," 33

Anthropological, or moral, argument

for the existence of God 83

its three parts, 83,84

its defects, 84

its value, - 84

holds chief place among related argu-
ments, 84

Apollo, proposed interpretation of
double legend upon his temple at

Delphi, 4

Apologia Pro Vita Sua, contains a con-
fession of Idealism, 7

A posteriori arguments for the exist-
ence of God, their value 84, 85

Apostles, their qualifications included
both teaching of Christ and prin-
cipally the lnduement of the

Spirit, 580

A priori argument for divine exist-
ence, see Ontological

A priori reasoning, Talt on, 40, 41

A priori principles assumed in all sys-
tems of knowledge, 41

A priori reasoning, its vicious use by
Spencer and the Cosmic philoso-
phers, 41

A priirri truths, at the foundation of

knowledge, 48

part of tho original furniture of rea-
son, 48

sense, the occasion of their cognition, 48

according to Plato, 48

presupposed in all experience and

reasoning, 48

their denial destroys all philosophy
and opens way for universal skepti-
cism, 48,49

denied by extreme Positlvists, 49

8penccr's explanation of their gen-
esis, 49

Spencer assumes their existence to

destroy their validity 49

Spencer's treatment of them unsatis-
factory, 49, 50

Dr. Carpenter on, 50

A priori judgments, Kant on, 60, 61

Aquosity, a property of water, 34

Arab horse, his characteristics, 475

Arabian Nights, illustrations from,

mountain of loadstone, 10

Afrlte and king's daughter 243

enfranchised genie, .. 463

Architecture, mediaeval, its origin, 500

Aristotle, his Influence on theology,... 4

Luther's opinion of, 4

the parent of scholasticism, 4

a theistlc philosopher, 15

on an evil law in our members 101

Arminian view of original depravity

arises from false view of will... 101,102
Arthur, Chester A., varied feelings on
his attainment of the Presidency, 355, 356

Arthur, Chester A., an excellent oppor-
tunity for reform afforded him, 356, 35

Artisans, despised by ancient philoso-
phers, 447, 448.

Arve and Rhone, their junction a sym-
bol of man's moral nature, 190

Assassination of two Presidents, sum-
mons the nation to a considerate
standing-still 347

Association, the force of law of. illus-
trated in Crusades, 484

Assoclatlonallsm, as an explanation of
the existence of moral obligation,
considered, 54

Assumptions, Unconscious, Of Com-
Munion Polemics,... 245-249

Assumption, that the practice of the
oburch may modify law of New

Testament, considered, 245,246

that there is no complete and binding
system of church organization in
the New Testament, considered, 246,247
that the ordinances are purely formal

and external, considered, 247,248

that the principle of Ulixxez faire will
remove error and secure peace and
prosperity, considered, 248

Astronomy, why its birth-place in the
East, 478

Atheism, sporadic cases of, not incon-
sistent with a universal germinal
knowledge of the existence of God, 78

Atom of matter, what, according to
Humlst, .. 59

Atomic weights, an inference from,... ft

Atoms, "manufactured articles ", 44

Atonement, Necessity Of, 213-219

Atonement, sufferings of, demanded by

righteousness of God, 213

demanded by the relations which

Christ assumed to our race, 213-218

required by Christ's race-responsibil-
ity to the law of God, 213-215

willingly rendered by Christ because
of his regard to the vindication of

divine righteousness, 215-216

inevitable because of Christ's com-
plete identification iwith a sinful

race, 216,217

only to be satisfactorily explained by
the doctrine of Christ's actual union

with our race, 218, 219

the first desire of the awakened con-
science, 219

Attila, Kaulbach's picture of his battle
with the Romans, IT

Attributes, divine, their relation to the

essence of God, 189

have an objective existence, 189

defined, 189

have an active and passive side, 189

Auerbach, his stories tinged with mate-
rialism, 31

Augustine and Calvin, their respective
methods of treating divine truths,. 1

Augustine, a Platonist, 4

perceived the principle of develop-
ment in the Mosaic account of cre-
ation, 45

his view of human liberty, 11*

on adding to Original Sin through

Free Will 141

opposes pilgrimages, 485

on humility, 582

Aurora Borealis, bad light to grow po-
tatoes by, 570

Australian savages,condition of women

among, 411

Automatic theory of universe, 27

Goldwin Smith on, 27,28

its conclusion of despair in the words

of Tennyson, 28

Avatar, a temporary incarnation, 209

Averages, statistical, Buckle's and Dra-
per's inferences from, 23

the legitimate inference from, 24

James Martineau on, 24

Bacon, Roger, not Francis, author of

tho Baconian philosophy,. 40

Baconian philosophy, its origin, 40

its method, 40

a recoil from Greek and Scholastic

philosophies, 40

its fundamental organon violated by

philosophy of evolution, 40

Bagehot, on a statue to the first sower,. 462

Bain, Alexander, a Posltivist, 8

his materialism, 31

on thinking co-oxisting with unbrok-
en physical sequences, 46

a Huraist, 50

Bancroft on the practical influence of
the speculations of Jonathan Ed-
wards, 5

Baptism, a usual metaphor to express

the rush of successive troubles, 229

a significant symbol, 239

imports purification through death,.. 239
a picture of the substance of Christi-
anity, 240

associated with Lord's Supper,...240, 24]
anything which affects its form as a

symbol affects truth symbolized,.. 240
and Supper are as the twins of Hip-
pocrates, 240

Baptism Of Jesus, 226-237

Baptism of Jesus, throws light on that

of the believer 226

its place in his life, 226, 227

a self-consecration, 227

a symbol of his death, 227

a proof of his identification with hu-
manity, 230

foreshadowed his resurrection, 231

the occasion of a manifestation of the
Trinity, 232

Baptism of Jesus, the descent of the

Spirit at, what it implied 232

exhibited the desert of sin, 232, 233

exhibited a picture of deliverance,... 233
exhibited the method of personal sal-
vation, 234

is an example oi public confession,.. 235
Baptists, have truth of Baptism com-
mitted to their custody, 241

are bound to be faithful to their trust, 242
believe that an adequate model of
church organization is found in

New Testament, 246

why they hold to Baptism, 247

why they contend for the order of the

ordinances, 247

have increased because of faithful-
ness to convictions, 248

how they may expect future growth, 248
purity their primary concern, not

peace, 249

theirs, the only regularly constituted

church, 249

Baptists, German, their origin and pro-
gress 243

their need of theological schools 300

Barrett, Elizabeth, her marriage to

Browning, 526

her death, 526

Bastian, bis theory of spontaneous gen-
eration, .• 46

Bastiat, his contribution to Political Sci-
ence, 448

on relation of Political Economy and

Morals, 458

Bestiality, sin of, according to Dante,


Beatitudes, absence of warlike virtues

from 415

Beatrice, Portinari, her influence upon

Dante 502, 503

her early death 502

tho Divine Comedy, her monument,. 503
Dante's guide through Paradise,.505, 519
what she represents in the Divine

Comedy, 507

theculminatlonofher loveliness and of
Dante's love for, in highest heaven. 520
Beauty, knowledge and feeling com-
bined in its cognition, 124

Bedouin robbers, 477

skirmish with, 480

Bee, its unconscious intelligence, 26

Beecher, H.W., on Eternal Punishment, 196
"Being, Great," title under which
Comte proposed to worship "Col-
lective Humanity", 13

Belief in God, necessary to morals, 56

a remarkable fact, 76

Beliefs, primitive, an original endow-
ment of mind, 9,10

come into activity on occasion of ex-
ternal phenomena, 10

Beliefs, primitive, are objects of knowl-
edge, 10

have validity equal to facts of sense, 10
Beliefs, may be held though unex-
pressed, unformulated, or even for-
mally denied, 76

may be undeveloped, 77

Berkeley, Bishop, sought to correct the
materialistic tendencies of the Lock-
ian philosophy, 58

asserted the only evidence of matter
to be Idea, 58

asserted that sensations were the di-
rect objects of knowledge, 58

declared God to be the direct cause of
sensations, 58

his theory consistent with belief in
special divine revelation 59

his fundamental principle only fur-
ther applied by Hume, 59

held to spirit because directly known
by ourselves, 59

bis occasional approaches to Humism, 59

his definition of soul, 59

his definition of mind 59

responsible for our present Materia-
listic Idealism, 59

Sydney Smith's witticism upon, 59

declares things are thoughts, 61

a non-egoistical idealist, 63

his early oonf usion concerning idea as
object and act, 63

his later conception of idea as object,
an archetype in the divine mind,.. 63

the outer world was to him real and
permanent because an expression of
the divine mind 63

to him, the non-ego is God, 63

his theory has a radical affinity with
Realism, 63

his theory according to Sir William
Hamilton, 63, 64

did not regard divine archetypes as
"things in themselves," 72

his method of securing unity in ex-
ternal world, 166

influenced Jonathan Edwards, 168

Berkeleian Idealism, its influence on

John H. Newman 7

Bethlehem visited, 481

Bethunc on Political Economy as next

to the Gospel, 443

Beirusstsein—a " be-knowing ", 80

Bcyrout. description of, 474

Bible, "word made flesh," 153

to be interpreted as an organic whole, 154

its frequent presentations of mercy
and justice combined, 391

some of its requirements temporary, 402

its principles still applicable to these

days, 408

Bicarbonate of soda, a child's questions
concerning, 425, 426

Biology, a branch of physiology accord-
ing to Positivism, 13

"Blameless," as applied to New Testa-
ment bishop, its meaning, 440, 441

Blasphemy, its future punishment ac-
cording to Dante, 512

"Body," as apprehended by the intelli-
gence of the common people, 67

Boscovlteh, his conception of matter,. 43

Bowne, a Hegelian, 61

Bramante, architect of St. Peter's at

Rome, 241

Brassey, advocates the coBporative sys-
tem of employment, 457

Braun, the two principal books studied

in his Gymnasium, 423

Brethren, Plymouth, their view of

church-organizations, 246

Briggs's Colliery, on the cooperative

plan, 455

Brown, Tom, his return to Rugby re-
ferred to, 1

Brown, Sir Thomas, on futility of seek-
ing preservation beneath the moon, 473
Browning, Robert, "subtlest assertor

of the soul In song," 36

bis statement, "mind is not matter,

nor from matter, but above," 36

"poetky And" 5215-543

his portrait by Watts, 536

a sketch of his life, 526

his acquaintance with Italy, 526

marries Elizabeth Barrett, 526

loses his wife, 526

a prolific writer, 526

Pauline, his first printed poem, 526

Paracelsus, his first tragedy, 526

the tragedy of Strafford a failure on

the stage, 526

never popular, 526

severely criticized 526

is ho a great poet? 526

hides his own personality - 527

deals with the non-ego, 527

a poet of man 528

contrasted with Wordsworth 538

treats of life, 528

poet of thoughts and not events, 528

his little tinge of the objective or

epic 528

teaches that " as a man thinketh so he

is," 538

his poetry is not lyric, but dramatic,

528, 529

his dramatic power seen in the poems

Sl>anUh Cloister and Confessions, 529

he assists his reader to self-revelation, 529

is a creative genius, 529

The Ring and the Book his greatest

work 529, 531

its plot narrated, 530

the impression it leaves on the mind
of the student, 530,531

Browning, Robert, to what extent does
he possess the faculty of Idealiza-
tion, discussed, 531-536

to him all men are ideal things, 532

recognizes human conscience, and
will, 533

in his ixion the victim triumphs over
Jove 533

in his l'iiipa I'ames the peasant girl's
song awakens conscience, 533

a believer in a righteous and loving
personal God, 534

opposes anthropomorphism, 534

in his Caliban on Setdios denounces
superstition, 534

in the Epilogue declares his faith in
an immanent Deity, 534

in Saul declares " all's Love yet all's
Law." 534

makes Incarnation the highest revela-
tion, 534

the religious topics of which he treats
in "Fcrtthtah's Fancies," 534

has a true idea of inspiration, 534, 535

his poem of Saul the best for those
who are beginning to study him,... 534

the poem Saul, its subject, 535

his teaching in his Death in the Des-
ert, 535

he, rather than Tennyson, is the relig-
ious poet of the century,. 535

the religious philosopher of our
times, 535

Laudor's estimate of, 535, 536

indulges at times in apparent lev-
ity, 536

sometimes apparently irreverent,— 536

the motto he adopts for Ferishtah'x
Fancies, 536

treats freely of man's physical in-
stincts, 536

is never ascetic, 536

never deifies body, 536

has not a tinge of sentimentality, 536, 537

has a protecting sense of the ludi-
crous 537

in Bis filler Visum teaches that true
love is subject to judgment and con-
science, 537

his books exercise a healthful, bra-
cing influence 537

least great as a literary artist, 537

is of ten obscure, 538

the arrangement of his material often
perplexing, 538

Siirdello often regarded as a mediaeval
literary morass, 538

his defense of his fragmentary meth-
od of communicating his facts, 538

he makes his reader a judge, poet,
creator, 539

his method of telling his story illus-
trated in The Ring and the Book.... 539

Browning, Rohert, his obscurity be-
comes less troublesome and more

attractive on familiarity, 539

there are passages which perhaps the

poet cannot understand, 539

his translation of Agamemnon face-
tiously said to bo comprehensible by

reference to the original, 539, 540

exhibits occasional lack of judgment
as to what is valuable and what

merely curious, 540

influence of criticism of Caroline Fox

upon, 540

is often defective in constructive

power to make most of his matter, 510
examples of his obscure and of bis

easily intelligible verse 540

fails in rhythmical and musical ex-
pression . 541

Mrs. Browning superior to him in

melodious composition 541

aims not to be an emotional poet, 541

his brusque style accounted for, 541

a poem illustrating his abrupt turns,. 511
plays a sort of literary "Snap the

Whip" with his readers, 51, 512

in him the philosopher overtops the

poet, 542

his material too much for him, 512

gives us sometimes too little ortolan, 542
cannot treat him with supercilious-
ness, 542

his defects should not blind to his

virtues, 543

the fullest of learning and insight of

the poets of the century, 543

BUchner, a mechanical philosopher 31

a modern Lucretius, 39

Buckland, Rabbi Joseph Wales, his par-
entage and early life, 337, 338

his name " Rabbi," why given and its

influence 338

his mot her, • 338

his conversion, 338

enters Union College, New York, 338

his taste for natural science, 338, 339

Dr. W. R. Williams's influence upon

him, 339

becomes pastor at Sing Sing 339

becomes member of Historical Soci-»

ety of Now York 339

becomes Professor of History at

Rochester 339

his professional lite, 339-342

his death,. 342

his work not yet done, 342, 343

Buckle, Henry Thomas, his statistical

averages, 23

the materialistic spirit of his histor-
ical researches, 31

Buddhism, its missionary character ac-
counted for 388

the nature of its morality, 388
Bunker Hill, Buttle of, referred to, 269

Bunyan, his "man with the muck-rake"

alluded to 8

Burning of one's hand, facts physical

and metaphysical involved In, 21

Burke, his oratory characterized by

Fox, vil

Bushnell, Horace, a progenitor of the

New Theology, 165

identifies divine righteousness and

benevolence, 165

his theory of atonement contain* a

truth, 165

Business, dally, a trusteeship for Christ, 463
Butler, Bishop Joseph, how he has con-
tributed to our conception of the

ethical nature of God, 5, 195

did not sufficiently recognize divine

immanence, 167

Byron, Lord, a quotation from applied

to Positivist's universe, 13

his genius, 527

Ca;saroa, its ruins, 477

Caird, a Hegelian, 61

Cairo, 470, 471

night entrance into, 474

Calderwood, denies the possibility of

an act of pure will, 02,122

Call to ministry, its dignity, 270

not universal, 270, 271

commoner than supposed, 271

its nature 271, 272

Calling, a useful, always respectable... 449
Calvin and Augustine, their works com-
pared, 4

Calvin, his assertion of free-will, 91

his theory of human liberty com-
pared with that of Ed wards, . 114

on Adam's free-will, 121

asserted divine immanence, 167

Calvinism, Modified, 114-128

Campaniles, their erection and uses, ... 499

Campbell's theory of Atonement, 216

"Cannot" often equal to " will not,"... 124
Capital, moneyed, of America, its ratio

to the annual production, 447

Capital, dreaded by laborer, 452

may secure a tyrannical monopoly of

production, 452

wrong thinking about it even in

America 452

what it is, 453

deserves compensation, 453

its compulsory distribution a foolish

scheme, 453

must be consumed in paying wages, . 453

must be renewed by labor, 454

not the natural end of labor, 454

has duties, 455

its increase should not be dreaded,... 456

acquires dignity from its origin, 462

acquires dignity from use, 462

is a large set of tools, 462

Capital, a fund that employs labor, 462

a friend of labor, 462, 464

to exist must be in constant circula-
tion, 462

without it barbarism would super-
vene 462

Capital and labor, relations between,
should be intelligently discussed,.. 452

are interdependent, 452

should be no hostility between, 455

both have duties, 455

cooperation of both, illustrations of. 455
their relations will yet be settled on a

lasting basis, 457

Carlyle, Thomas, on Dante, 523

his portrait by Watts, 525

Carpenter, Dr., on one's existence be-
luga matter of consciousness 50

Cataclysms in geologic history, 141

Cataract, parable of man afflicted with, 89
Cato of Utica, his place in future world

according to Dante 515

Causal judgment, into what resolved by

Comte, 11

Causality, Hickok's Illustration of, lo-
caiisation, necessary to law, 11

if its Intuition is disproved all other

intuitions also perish, 11

origin of the idea of, 22

not given by mere succession of

events, 22

Cause, according to Comte, 10

defined, 33

more than antecedence, 33

an a priori truth, 48

of the universe, every religion de-
mands personality in, 53

Causes final, secure confidence in the

stability of nature, 141

account for needed deviations from

usual order, 141

Causes, the various philosophical, 92

efficient rest on final, 141

Cecil, on how to preach the whole

truth, 115

Ceremonial privilege requires ceremon-
ial qualification, 247

Certainty of human actions determined

by character 10O

Chalmers, Thomas, his scientific interest
in Theology deepened into practical, 2
on Political Economy as related to

Moral Philosophy and Theology, 443

his experience as a minister, 550, 551

Character, determines motive, 93

the ground of divine foreknowledge,


permanence of, depends on will, 106

and individual choices not necessarily

connected, 120

does not absolutely bind, 121

defined, 15T

Charlemagne, his aim, 497, 498

Chastisement in linger," why depre-
cated by Psalmist? 1S»5

Chastisement, not penalty, the experi-
ence of the Christian, 518

Chemistry, present elements of, sup-
posed to be modifications of one

common ultimate substance, 6

Cheops, pyramid of, 472

Cherubim, Nature And Purpose, 391-399
Cherubim, Edenic, a symbol of mercy,. 392

various meanings assigned to, 391

Milton's view of, 392

common impression regarding, 392

etymology of title obscure, 393

references to in Scripture 393

occur in Ezekiel, 393

occur in Revelation, 393

are symbols of redeemed humanity,.. 394

are not personal existences, 394

emblems of human nature possessed

of its original perfections, 395

not symbols of nature, 395

emblems of human nature spiritual-
ized and sanctified, 396

represent a humanity abounding in

spiritual life, 396,397

emblems of human nature as the

dwelling-place of God, 397

the Edenic, an assurance to the early
races that Paradise was still held for

man, 398

the Edenic, an assurance that Para-
dise was only recoverable by a
return to holiness and divine com-
munion, 398

the Edenic, a promise that Paradise
regained should be more glorious
than Paradise lost, 398

their varying relations, lessons from, 398, 399

not illustrations of our future bodies, 399

a revelation of spiritual qualities yet
to be the possession of the redeemed, 399
Chicago, a sane In, at opening of civil

war 199. 200

Cbivajry, a fruit of the Crusades, 498

"Choice, power of contrary," phrase ex-
amined, 97, 98

between motives, not without mo-
tives, 122

Choices und fundamental disposition

not necessarily connected, 120

Christ, not admitted into Comte's pan-
theon, 14

his existence Inexplicable on the ev-
olution theory 46

the restorer of our prospects of end-
less development, 162

the extra-temporal, of New Theology, 172-174

the supra-historic, his influence on
heathen, 176

implicit faith in, its possibility, 177

Christ, Implicit rejection of, its possi-
bility, 177

may be accepted or rejected without
a knowledge of his historical man-
ifestation, 177

union with, 178

CnRisT, The Two Natures of,... 201-212
Christ, study of his person a science,... 201

Son of man, 201

Son of God, 201

a true man, 201

doeetic view unscriptural 201

had a human body, 201

had a human mind, 201

was subject to laws of human devel-
opment, 201

tempted because of self-assumed lim-
itations, 201

lgnoraut of the day of the end, 201

In his twelfth year became conscious

of his mission, 202, 226

the ideal man, 202

his physical form, 202, 203

possessed orator's mien, 203

usually plain, but sometimes trans-
figured, 203

his temperament, 203

Chaucer's description of, 203

combined excellences of both sexes,.. 204
possessed excellences of greatest and

best men 204

a life-giving man, 204

not explicable by natural antecedents, 205

no invention of men, 205

his humanity came from God, 205

his humanity germinal, 205

conscious of divine Sonship, 206

testimonies to his divinity, 206

Christian consciousness attests his di-
vinity, 206

history attests his divinity, 206

his death has revolutionized history,. 207

the centre of history, — 207

modern world outgrowth of princi-
ples introduced by him, 207

wo need his divinity, 208

John of Damascus on his sufferings as

related to his divinity, 209

because divine, suffered infinitely, . 209
his humanity and deity forever unit-
ed, 209

all that took place in him shall take

place in us, 209

has our whole humanity in heaven,. 209
should be recognized in both na-
tures, 2U>

immediate recognition of him, its im-
portance, - 211

the comforter in death, 212

his human nature purged of deprav-
ity in womb of Virgin, 214

his relation to race more than fed-
eral headship, 215

Christ, not merely constructive, but
natural heir of race 215

the great Penitent, 216

may be banished to remotest room of
believer's heart but cannot be ex-
pelled, 222

the first thirty years of his life,... .226, 227

understood, from bcginning of his
public ministry, its mcauing and
end, 229

the agentof the out-going activity of
the Godhead, 2bl

geographical area of his personal min-
istry 475

advantages of our present doubt as
to the pluces of the great events of
his life, 479

to secure union with a living, per-
sonal, the aim of the Christian min-
istry 543

presence of, in a minister, the source
of healthful attraction, 545

the perfect flower und embodiment of
humanity, 549, 551

resurrection of, type of regeneration, 553

for three years a theological teacher, 553
Christian Truth And Its Keepers, 238-244

Christianity threatened by Positivism,. 8

the evidence that it is from God 129

its internal characteristics as evi-
dence 129

its external accompaniments as evi-
dence 129

present tendency to lay special stress
on internal evidence, 129

its internal evidence supplementary, 129
what its internal evidence must cover, 129
disadvantages of the method of indi-
vidual internal certification of it,.. 130
its internal and external evidences in-
terwoven, 131

supernatural facts its very core, 131

miracles not its burden but support,. 132

divinely radical, 374

works from below upwards, 374

estimates "service" by sacrifice, 374

missions a great argument for, 388

a great argument for missions, 388, 389

missions its distinctive mark, 388

Christianity And Political Econ-
Omy, 443-460

Christianity, concrete as well as ab-
stract, 445

is salvation for the body and society, 445

accords with natural law, 445

is a religion of nature, 445

its accordance with laws of nature a

proof of its divinity, 445

the great assistant of the Political

Economist, 445

has anticipated the discoveries of Po-
litical Economy, 445

I Christianity, asserts a natural inequal-
ity of gifts and stations among

men, 440

rejected by many working men be-
cause it opposes a false Social

Science, 446

hope of mankind 459

and its resulting ameliorative sci-
ences, connec ted as parent stein of
banyan-tree with succeeding steins, 459, 460

its social side, 461

recognizes wealth, 461

not passivity, 550

Chrlstliebon reason, 419

{ 'hrixta itco Oinmittttf nti, as ti motto, 585

"Christology " a modern coinage, 201

Church, an organism, 178

its organization not founded on hu-
man wisdom, 246

is not germinal, 246

does not rest on expediency, 246

is of permanent obligation, 246

its system of organization laid down

in New Testament, 247

its various parts alluded to in New

Testament, 247

polity, democratic form of, good for

good people, . 564

Cicero on htnwxlum and utile, 55

Cities, tendency of population to, 461

"City which hath foundations" alone

can satisfy, 483

Classification, fundamental idea of,
found in unity of self-conscious-
ness, 9

Coal, presence of nmifcrtv in, illustra-
tion from, 481

Cognition, according to Spencer, recog-
nition, - 49

Coguitions, primitive, are verities, 21

testified to by unintentional acknowl-
edgments of their deniers, 22

Coleridge, influence of his writings 8

College and Seminary, how differen-
tiated, 284

College, Christian, what? 320

should have actively Christian lead-
ers 320

should give Christian instruction, 320

its discipline should be Christian, 321

its Instruction should be pervaded

with a Christian spirit, 321

should possess high moral standards, 321
should aim to make its students Chris-
tians, 321

Colleges, Our, Are They Chris-
Tian? 319-323

Colleges, the true denominational, wore

intended to be Christian 320

many have ceased to be Christian,— 322
Collocation, useful, present in universe, 83
its existence assumed by Science,— 82
Comedy, The Divine, 501-524

some of its translators and interpret-
ers 501

internal evidence of its date, 504

its introduction, 504, 515

has, according to its author, four

meanings, 505

its personal element, 505, 506

a mediieval Pilgrim's Progress, 806

unfolds the author's idea of God's re-
lations to humanity, 506

its interpretation according to Miss

Rossetti, 506

has a political meaning, 506, 507

its spiritual meaning its moat impor-
tant, 507

its influence on Italian religious

thought, 507

its spiritual meaning unfolded, 507, 508

the first and greatest Christian poem, 508

its cosmology, 508, 509

title "Comedy" why given? 509

has influenced the Italian language,

509, 510

its verse, 510

its description of the Ante-Hell, 510

Its description of Hell proper, 510-513

its description of Limbo, 510, 511

its description of the various punish-
ments assigned to delinquents,.-511, 513

its description of Dis, 512

its description of the Judecca, 512

its description of Satun 512, 513

the poem of conscience 513

contains apt lessons for the present

times, 514

its description of Purgatory, 515-518

its Ante-Purgatory, 515, 516

Purgatory proper, 516, 518

Mount of Penitence, 516, 517

is the Christian doctrine of sauctitlca-

tion in verse, 517

its Paradise, ...519-521

Beatrice acts as guide, 517, 519

the series of the Heavens, 519, 520

its Prtmum MohOe 520

its " Rose of the Blessed," 520

describes the poet's celestial love for

the beatified Beatrice, 520

each of its three divisions ends with

the same word, 521

its intense realism, 523

why an imperishable work of gen-
ius, 524

Common-sense, Berkeley appeals to it

for proof of existence of ego. 59

Berkeley appeals to it against sub-
stance, 59, 63

Communion, Fiedo-baptist deprives
Baptist of privilege of enjoying it

with him, 249

Communists of Paris, their theory as to
rent and interest. 452

Comte, Auguste, eoryplwus of Nes-
cience, 9

his principal errors, 9

his postulate that we kuow nothing

but matter, examined, 9-

his scythe cuts off his own legs, 9

brief review of his system, 9-

his classification masterly 9

his fundamental principles opposed to

sound psychology! 9-

his position on causation, 10,11

has no place for Inductive Logic 11

his analysis of causal judgment, 11

confounds necessary with customary, 11
in admitting tendency of things
toward a true philosophy, admits

design, 12

his view of Theology and Metaphysics, 13

his new religion. 13,14, 77

he denies law, in denying cause, 16

i his inconsistency as to consciousness, 22
'Conceive,' of God, impossible accord-
ing to Spencer, 50

the sense in which it is essential to

knowledge, 50

the sense in which it is an accident of

knowledge, ... 50

Concupiscence, why excluded by Rom-
anists from list of sins, 102

Condillac, influeuce of his writings, 7

Epicurean 32

owes his sensational philosophy to

Locke, 7, 58

Congratulations to various graduating
classes on finishing their theological

education at Seminary,

544, 549. 548, »52, 554, 557.

560, 56-.*, 563, 567, 560, 572, 575, 578, 580, 583
Conscience, its supremacy demonstra-
ted by Butler, 5

what, according to Spencer,. 55

its true nature, 55

no tribe found destitute of, 78

an evidence for God 84

Consciousness, involves in one duality

two different things, 6

equally a source of knowledge with

observation, 20

Comto's appeal to, 22

is it a mode of force? 24

never transformed into physical or

nervous force, 46

Spencer upon, 50

of God, the idealistic formula criti-
cized, 70

in psychology, what? 171

in theology, what? 171

the "ethico-religious," 171

Christian, the doctrine of, defined and

discussed, 170-172

Consciousness, self-, its witness to a per-
manent something underneath and
presupposed by all ideas, tl&
Conservation of force, not highest law

• of science, 26

Constantine builds church of Holy

Sepulchre, 485

Constantinople, repulse of Moslems

from 485

its influence on Crusaders, 500

Consumers, all are, 464

Consumption, its present rate, 464

of luxuries, not wrong, 464

Conversion, a new choice of motive,... 121

God's work and man's work in, 128

Convicted sinner, only fiuds peace when
he sees reparation for sin in the

atonement, 219

Cook, Professor, on original constitu-
tion of chemical elements, 43

Cooperation of divine and human in act

of man 150

Cooperation, an important factor in re-
sistance to capital, 456

Cooperative establishments, in Paris,.. 455

in England 455

their strength and weakness, 455

best form of, 455, 45(i

Corinthians, Second. 3: 6, 250

5: 23 explained, 218

Corinthian women, the perpetuity of

the commands to, 402

Cosmological argument for existence of

God, its exact scope, 81

its difficulty in minor premise, 81

Hume's objection to, 81

its difficulty as to character of cause, 81

its value stated 81

Cosmos, an Idea impossible to Posltiv-

ist , 71

Councils Of Ordination: Their

Powers And Duties, 259-268

Councils of ordination, see Ordination.

Courage, Passive And Active, 554-557

Courage, its passive aspect, Ub-o/hmj, 555

its active aspect, irapp>jaia 555

Covenanter, the Scotch, of seventeenth
century compared with Anglican of

same time, 117

Cranmer, an example 279

Creatianism, nominalistic, 165

Creation, theory of, more credible than

that of chance development, 44

absolute, idea of, found among He-
brews only, 45, 81

what, according to Idealism, 72

imperfect, because anticipative of the

fall, Ill

not a miracle, 132

according to Jewish proverb, 395

Creations, have taken place on our

earth, 141,142

"Creative first cause," man not, 123

Cross, the, its meaning, 582, 583

Crossley adopts cooperative plan, 455

Crozer, his generosity referred to, -----. 301

Crusaders, their priwmnel, 488

two classes of, 492

Crusades, The, <84-50U

Crusades, the, their moving principle,. 484

their story in brief, 487-488

great leaders in, 488

their social causes, 489-491

demonstrate power of an idea, 489

Guizot's classification of their causes, 489

their moral causes 491, 492

not owing to papal influence, 491

not prompted solely by hatred of a

false faith, 491

not to be explained by mere hatred of

the Turk, 491, 493

arose from an awakening of religious

feeling, 492

not owing to the grant of Papal in-
dulgences 41*2

accompanied by an anticipation of

Christ's coining 493

animated by Idea of a world-wide

ehiirct 493

Lecky'a opinion of, 493

Kilobaud's opinion of, 493

effects of, 493

secured a transient Influence in the

East, 494

gave foreign outlet to the brutal for-
ces still inherent In feudalism, 494, 495

Gibbon's opinion of, 494

strengthened barriers against Turkish

encroachments 494

Freeman's opinion of, 494

consolidated states of Europe, 494

Hume's opinion of, 494

Micbaud's division of the period of,.. 495
what advantage they brought to the

Unman church, 495

developed the spirit of religious per-
secution, 495

were disadvantageous in some re-
spects to Roman church, 496

taught those who engaged in them in-
dependence, 496

gave occasion for complaints against

the popes,.... 496

disseminated a knowledgeof the eter-
nal city, 497

were the initial period of the down-
fall of the papal power, 497

their effects upon the state, 497-500

their influence on feudalism, 498

compacted the state 497

favored the absorption of small fiefs

into large, 498

their influence best seen in France,.. 498
diffused the loyal and courteous char-
acteristics of chivalry,.... 498, 499

opened up intercourse among peoples

of Europe, 499

their Influence on Mediterranean cap-
itals, 499

Crusades, the, gave an impulse to intel-
lect, 500

stimulated the spirit of travel, 500

prepared the way for the introduction

of Greek literature 500

Curse, the original, its alleviations, 391

Curses, divine, prophetic not arbitra-
ry, 402

D'Alembcrt, an Epicurean, 32

Damascus, described, 483

Damascus, John of, an early theologian, 4
his view of the relation of the natures

in Christ's person, 209

Dante And The Divine Comedy,.501-524

Dante, Alighleri, his birth, 501

the times of his early life, 501, 502

his meeting with Beatrice, 502

her influence upon him, 502, 503

his temporary fall, 502

method of his restoration, 502, 503 I

bis Vita Xuova, 503

his thorough preparation for writing

the Comedy 503

his remarkable natural and acquired

endowments, 503

becomes a chief magistrate of Flor-
ence, 503

banishes the factious nobles, 503

is in turn fined and banished. 503, 504

his wanderings, 504

perhaps visited Oxford, England, 504

an amnesty ottered him and declined, 504

his bearing under his adversities, 504

becomes a Ghibelline, 504, 506

his death, :504

his idea of humanity and its twofold

rule 506

his Dc Monorchia, 506

first great advocate of Italian unity,

506. 507

first great advocate of Independence

of church and State, 506, 507

distinguishes between the popes and

the papacy, 507

a loyal Roman Catholic, 507

abhorred the papal temporal power,. 507
denounces rulers of the church as An-
tichrist, i 507

an independent interpreter of Scrip-
ture 507

held the Ptolemaic theory of the uni-
verse 508

his ideas of the earth, 508

his Ideas of Hell, 508

his ideas of Purgatory, 508

his nine Heavens, 508, 509

his Empyrean, 509

did not call his poem 'Divine,' 509

why he called it " Comedy "? 509

his remarkable mastery of versifica-

tioi 509, 510

his three great classes of sins, 511, 512

llls theory of progress in evil, 512 I

Dante, the philosophy underlying his
classification and punishment of

sins, 511-515

why he assigns grotesque punish-
ments to sin, 513

his description of Satan, contrasted

with that of Milton, 513

teaches that sin isa self-perversion of

the will, 513, 514

a lover of God and holiness, 514

does not regard the essence of penalty

as external to the sinner, 514

his material imagery symbolical 514

he makes sin to be its own detector,

judge, and tormentor, 514

the two sins of which ho deems him-
self in need of purgation, 517

regarded l'urgatory as a process,.517, 518
his mistaken views regarding Purga-
tory, 518

ignorant of justification by faith,... 518
his examination before entering Prl-

mum Mobile, 520

no rough, grotesque poet, 521

most sensitive to changeful aspectsof

nature, 521

had an enthusiasm for justice, 521

how nicknamed by boys in street 521

the most ethical of poets, 521

his delight in light, as symbol of pu-
rity, 522

his abundant vocabulary to set forth

various characteristics of light, 522

his vividness of description comes

from experience, 523

Darwin, obliged to speak of' design,'... 12
saw no reason why the series of life
on the earth should be toward high-
er rather than lower forms, 28

his researches conducted in a ma-
terialistic spirit, 31

David, an illustration of divine lead-
ing, 560

Davis, Noah, virtual founder of Amer-
ican Baptist Publication Society,... 238

Dead Sea, description of, 430

Death, lessons learned in its immediate

presence, 188

Degeneration, its occurrence apart
from effort, the law of this sinful

world, 248

Delphi, double legend upon the temple

there interpreted, 4

Democritus, a materialist, 32

Denis, St., entry in the Chronicle of,... 500
Der Eiuzige, an epithet applicable to

every man, 156

Design, marks of, according to Positiv-
ism, only coincidences, 11

implied unintentionally iu the lan-
guage of the Comtists 12

the statement that it implies imper-
fection in God, examined, 12

Design, imperfections of, do not prove

absence of purpose in universe, 12

actual imperfections in, can be ac-
counted for on grounds of moral

government, 12

seeming imperfections in, may arise

from present ignorance, 12

a voluntary self-limitation on the part

of God, 12

Maudsley on, 12

Spinoza's view of, 12

its perception, an a priori cognition,. 48
marks of, everywhere in universe,... 181
Determinism, the theory of will so

called 118

opposed by fact that man can choose

a less degree of sin, 118,119

opposed by fact that man can refuse

to yield to certain temptations, 119

opposed by fact that unconverted
man can give attention to divine

truth 119

would remove guilt, remorse and pun-
ishment, - 120

advocated by Jonathan Edwards, — 120
Deiw vidt, the watchword of the first

Crusade, 487

Development, implied in Mosaic ac-
count of creation, 45

prospects of an endless, restored in

Christ 162

a true kind of, 559

De Wette, with him scientific interest

in religion became practical, 2

D'Holbach. eighteenth century Epicu-
rean, 32

a French Sensationalist, 58

Diaphane, an illustration from, 161

Dictatiou-theory of Inspiration, see In-

Diderot, a Sensationalist and Epicu-
rean, -. 32

Dilemma, one suggested by Spencer's

theory of primitive cognitions 49

Diman, on combinations of law as

agencies of ceaseless change, 25

Dis, the city of, Dante's description of, 512
Disposition, included in the larger

view of will, 94, 95

involves moral judgments, 94

one may be imperfectly conscious of, 95

consistent with formal freedom, 95

Dissecting-room, a juxtaposition of its
dixjccta memhra does not make men,
nor a mere accumulation of facts

science, 10

Divorce, why permitted to Hebrews,... 437

Hebrew wife had no right of, 437

Mosaic restraint upon, 437

in pagan Rome, 410, 411, 437

Docetic views of Christ's person, un-

scriptural, 201

Doeetic views of Inspiration, .. 153

Dogmatism, Tkue, 557-560-

Dore Gustave, his picture of the Del-
uge, 232

Dorner, on man not being a mere tan-
gent to God, 150

on docetic view of 1 nspiration. 153

his Eschatology unsatisfactory, 17B

'Doth he not leave the ninety and

nine?' its interpretation, 368

Doubt, theological, see Minister,

Dragoman, his office and importance,.. 476
Draper, his antagonism to metaphysics, 8

his statistical averages, 23

Dualism of consciousness, as inexplica-
ble as that of substance,. 70

Duns Scotus, an early Nominalist, 164

Dupont, shares profits with his em-
ployees, 450

Dwlght, Timothy, his views of the na-
ture of sin and virtue, 106

Eagle, a symbol of character, 396

its symbolism in Divine Comedy, 520

Earth, perhaps segregated from rest of

universe because of sin 364

East, Recollections Of The, 468-483

Easter-torches, a lesson from method

of lighting them at Jerusalem, 267

Economic Science, see Political Econ-

Education, like water rather than

vapor, 318

Education Of A Woman, 418-430

Education, some results visible, others

not, 418

its chief problem, a double one, 418

what etymologlcally, 418

more thau discipline, 418,419

imparts love and faculty for knowl-
edge, 419

is principally the impartation of

truth, ... 419

the teat of its success, 419

"the higher," a new signification

given to epithet, 420

requires close study, within a limited

sphere, 420

an improved, requires a reformation
commencing with elementary train-
ing 425

of John Stuart Mill, 425

of Niebuhr, 425

at Quiney, Massachusetts, 426

when active, begins with a boy, 427

notscholarship, 428

should elicit individuality, 480

Education, female, usually not exact, 420

may it embrace G reek and Latin? 421

should be broad, 421

should embrace all that enters into

men's, 421

ban mot regarding, by English bish-
op, 422

should include physical training, .. 422

Education, female, should Include do-
mestic economy, 422

should develop symmetrically the

whole being 422

effected largely by example, 422

should impart a good manner, 422

should not ignore Bible, 423

not essential ly different from a man's, 424
emphasizes studies specially appro-
priate to the student, 424

should not be on principle of co-edu-
cation, 424

time given to, at present too limited,

427, 428

arrested by undue attention to trifles,


proceeds best in quiet, 429

Educators, their work, 418

Edwards, Jonathan, Bancroft on his
services to philosophy and religion, 5
his estimate of philosophical studies, 14

a Bcrkeleian, 59

based identity on decree of God, 72

bis theory of will neglects some facts

of the case - 114,120

on philosophical necessity . 120

through his identity-system Idealism

has affected theology, 167

how he became an Idealist, 1*8

no traducian 16

Iils explanation of our union with

Adam,.... 168

denied substance, 168

his theory of imputation 168

was heaPlacean? 168

taught continuous creation, 168

located responsibility not in sin as a

nature but as an activity, 168

on Justification, 224

did not wish statements of a material
Hell and its physical torments to be

understood literally, 514

Efficient cause, what? 92

Kyo, alone puts forth and is conscious

of force, 42

Egypt, Recollections of ....468-474

Egypt, spring morning in, 468

its welcome to travelers, 468

the landscape in 470, 471

sunset and night in, 474

donkey-boys of, 470,473, 474

ignorance of. in middle ages, 500

Election, God's, founded on reasons ex-
isting in himself 108

Elements, chemical, their adaptation to

each other, 43

Eliot, George, her writings generally

materialistic, 31

on the reward of duty, 161

her moral indlfferentism, 531

ber exaggeration of heredity 533

Emerson, on man as here, not to work,
but be worked upon, 24

Emerson, his idea of the poet,. 525-

is better than his philosophy, when be
teaches the response 'I can' to

duty's 'Thou must,' 533

Emerson, Dr. G. H., his statement as to
foundation of doctrine of proba-
tion after death, 127

Emmons, on moral character of an ac-
tion inhering not in its cause but in

its nature, 117

on impossibility of independent

agency, 169*

Empiricism, its influence on Priestley, 7

on other philosophers, 7, 8

Empyrean in Dante's Paradise, 509

'Br &«Z, 553

Encyclopaedists, their philosophy, 7,32

End in nature controls choice of means, 28
Endosmosis, a certain, of Christian in-
fluence, 56

Enthusiasm, defined, 553-

Epic poetry always individual In its

subjects, 506

Epicureanism, a materialistic develop-
ment in era of great deterioration, 32
Epicurus, his philosophy antagonized

by that of Aristotle and Plato 15-

Erasmus, his policy, 278

Errors, how serviceable, 16

Eternity of matter, if accepted, leads

toward atheistic evolution, 57

Ethics, what, according U> Spencer?... 55

Eugenie, Empress, anecdote of 465

Europe in thirteenth century Nil, 502

Evangelization of heathen must begin

in the family life, 416

Evolution, if proved, merely a mode of

divine action 28

Evolution, The Philosophy Of,. 39-57
Evolution, the present philosophical
fashion, SB-
succeeds Positivism, 39-

avails itself of spoils of preceding

systems, 40*

is powerfully advocated, 40-

violates the spirit of the Baconian

philosophy, 40

rests physical truth on a priori reason-
ing. 41

assumes as postulate an imperfect

definition of force, 41

excludes will, 42

teaches that matter, mind and motion

come from force, 43,44

fails in its explanation of life, 45, 46

to soim; extent recognized by believ-
ers in revelation, 45

fails to account for mind 4<.

fails to account for soul 46

fails to account for Christ, 46

fails to explain <i priori knowledges,


shuts out knowledge of God, 50-53

Evolution, its exp anation of feeling of

moral obligation, 53

teaches that action is right became

useful, . 54

teaches that conscience is the mind's

power of comparing utilities, 55

a fascinating system of monism, 55

is destructive of morality, 56

its influence already felt in art and

literature, 56

Evolution in the history of a redeemed

soul, 161, 162

Ex nUtihi mn nia.liuut, a suggested axiom

for Comte. 10

Exchange, a central doctrine of Polit-
ical Economy, i. 450

admits the principle of mutual ad-
vantage, 450

Exodus, 15: 11 188

Exegesis, New Testament, should be

thorough, 325

should be broad 325, 326

English, its stages, 326

should be bold 326, 327, 328

should be reverent, 328, 329

Exercise-system, originates in teaching

of Edwards, 168

its nature explained, 160

tends to Pantheism 169

makes supernatural religion impos-
sible 169

destroys sense of sin, 169

impugns the divine character, 169

Existence of God, see God

Experience, requires a prior mental

potency, 9

is but" the stern-lights of a ship,"... 140

warrants merely an expectation, 140

according to Huxley never warrants

'must,' 140

of the truth, not the limit of the

preacher's proclamation, 172

Faith, fundamental to philosophy, 21

in our mental powers, a part of our

nature, 21

all science in its last analysis rests

on, 21

a higher, may be dormant in the soul

awaiting divine vivitlcation, 21

defined, 88

a kind of knowledge, 99

Faith, The Measure Of Success,.572-575

Kali, see Adam

Falsehood, every, hits a grain of verity, 32

Fanaticism, its nature, 584

Fatalism, refuted by knock-down argu-
ment, 21

its rejection does not require accept-
ance of caprice-theory of will 99

a false Calvinism merges in 118

Fatimite Caliphs, their cruelties to

Christian pilgrims, ...: 486

Faucet, an unturned, illustration from, 257

Fechner, bis "psychology without a

soul," 69

'Fetish, Great,' suggested title for earth

in the Comtian cult, 13

Feudalism, its nature, 490

influence of Crusades on 498

Feuerbach, his mechanical philosophy, 31

his maxim, 'man is what he eats,' 37

Fichte, his 'we are all born in faith,'... 21
reduces all knowledge to knowledge

of self, 60

merges the Absolute In the Ego, 60

his illustration of the unchangcable-

nessof natural sequences, 134, 135

Fijians, matricide among, 411

Final cause, its principle —work to-
ward ends—in ourselves 26

science dependent on principle of,... 26

H. B. Smith's illustration of, 92

Final causes merged by Positivists in
totality of secondary or efficient

causes, 11, 12, 26

F'inality, immanent, or unconscious in-

intelligence 26

has secured acceptance by many

scientists, 26

illustrated by instinct of b<«, 26

illustrated by unconscious formation

of language, 26

illustrated by spontaneity of genius. 26
a theory which loses sight of man,... 27
Finney, Charles G., in Rochester, N. 1\, 387

Foraminifcta, illustration from, 244

Force, an alleged ultimate, of which
perceived forces are modiflca-

tions, 6

its idea from our consciousness of
power present in every act of will,. 25

not a property of matter, 33

as observed in arrangements of uni-
verse must be mental, 33

must be postulated as behind and pre-
vious to all things, 41

an inseparable correlate of effort and

will, 41-43

conviction of its existence "deep as

very nature of mind," 41

put forth by the ego or mind, 42

the process by which, according to
Spencer, it becomes ' forces', unex-
plained, 42, 43

alone cannot explain motion, 44

according to old and new materialism, 59
F"ox, C. J., on Burke's style of oratory, vii
France, the greatest problem of recon-
struction there, 452

Francesca da Rimini, how Dante treats

the story, 513

Franchise, not necessary appendage of

mere humanity, 407

Fraud, its future punishment according

to Dante 512

Free agency, defined, 221

Freedom, human, irreconcilable with

divine sovereignty 6

according to determinism, 90,118

according to caprice-theory, 90

best method of investigating, 90, 91


theories of Augustine, Calvin, and

Edwards regarding 114

normal, what? '114

and divine sovereignty, how treated

by Robertson and Cecil, 115, 116

and divine sovereignty, Paul's sub-
lime acceptance of both, 115, 116

must not be exclusive datum of a sys-
tem of doctrine, 116

according to Fatalism, 118

Freedom in unregenerate, to choose a
less degree of sin rather than a

greater, 119

to refuse to yield to certain tempta-
tions, 119

to do outwardly good acts, 119

to seek God from self-interest, 119

to give attention to abstract truth

from love of it, 119

to give attention to God's claims, 119

involves responsibility 120

Free will, what? 55

destroyed by Spencer's philosophy... 55

can add to original sin, 121

French, excei in literary style, 538

Frescoes at Pompeii 56

Fundamental disposition of character

cannot be self-changed, 119

Furies, Greek, punish offenses though

unwittingly committed, 120

•Gnllus, Caius Sulpicius, his divorce of

his wife, 410

Oarbett, llampton lecturer, on contend-
ing for the faith, 558

Gardner on mind giving matter its chief

meaning,. 36

Garfield, President, Sermon

Preached Un His Death, 347-357

.Garfield, President, should remember

his character, 347, 348

an example of the American type of

man, 348

his varied career, 34f*, 349

drifts into preaching, 348

advocates sound currency, 348

his public and private virtues, 349

his undue concessions to the pressure

of party, 354

,Garfield's death, attended by alleviating

circumstances,.- 349

a permissive providence, 349

an answer to prayer, 349, 350

a source of blessing to the nation.... 350

an education in patriotism, i!50

a quickening of world-wide sym-
pathy, &50

not a fruit of conspiracy, 351

Garfield's death, should lead to more

prayer for our governors, 351

should secure a penitent consider-
ation of the national sin which was

its indirect cause, 351, 352

a time for public utterances, 354

its lesson to each citizen, - 357

'Gender, soul has none,' the statement

examined, 404

Genesis, 2:18; 3 : 24, 400

Geology, as earth's autobiography, con-
tains no account of its birth, 45

Gerbert, an early preacher of Crusades, 486

Gerizim, ascent of 482

Germany, progress of Baptist princi-

clplesln 243

Giants, the primeval, their punishment

in Hell according to Dante, 512

Gladiatorial shows at Home, outcome

of a false philosophy, 56

God, interpreted by mind, 3

according to Mandsley, a mere Brah-
ma, 12

limited by nothing outside of himself, 12

self-limited, 12, 51, 75, 76

we have an intuitive knowledge of

his existence, 16

Intuitive knowledge of, blunted by

sin, 16

intuition of, brightened by the com-
ing of Christ, 17

his presence in nature, a source of

comfort, 29

is master of nature, 29

can all that he will, but wills not all

that he can, 43

Immanent in universe yet transcend-
ent, 46

usually works by natural laws 46

may work by direct exercise of will,. 46

his existence un a prityrl truth, 48

in what sense cognized by human

mind, 50

can know him without a mental im-
age of him, 51

in what sense infinite, 51, 76

in what sense absolute 51, 75

we know him in relation, 52

Spencer practically confesses to a

knowledge of, 52

according to Berkeley may directly

cause sensations, --- 58

his existence not defensible by Ideal-
ist, - 69

according to Idealism, is a series of

ideas, — 70

can do more than create ideas, 71

may give relative independency to

portions of physical force 71

knowledgeof, its conditions, 71, 89

the term defined, 75

duty of those destitute of affectional
conditions for knowledge of, 89

God. the direct author of sin in the
heart, according to scheme of Hop-
kins and Emmons, 117

influence of Nominalism on concep-
tions of his nature and attributes,.. 164
as "thesimply One." unknowable,... 165
idea of, lost with that of substance,.. 166
immanence of, unduly prominent in

New Theology, 167

as described in one hundred and

fourth Psalm, 181

his relation to Cosmos as set forth by

Paul. 181

not an unintelligent, unconscious

principle, 181

as the author of man, must himself

think and will, 181

a personal Being in the highest sense, 182
possosses a will of infinite freedom

and power, 182

is sufficient to himself, 182,183

his eternal independence and self-suf-
ficiency rest on the Trinity in his na-
ture, 183, 191

not compelled to create, 183

presentin all "lawsof nature," 184

above all " laws of nature," 185

nature to him as "a loose mantle,"... 185

offended as a living person by sin, 185

reconciled himself by Atonement,... 186
personally interested in Creation,

Providence and Redemption, 186

his will and heart seen in Incarnation

and Atonement, 187

his attributes, their nature, 189

self-preserving, 191

his working in a soul in no sense sus-
pends its activities, 550

God, existence of, not demonstrable by

argument 80

proposed arguments tor, four, 81-85

Cosmologieal argument for, HI

Teleological argument for, 82, 83

Moral or Anthropological argument

for, 83.84

Ontological argument for, 84

defects in all arguments for, 84, 85

presupposed in all logical processes,. 85

an intuitive knowledge 86

his leadings in Providence 560, 561

his leadings by the Spirit, 561. 562

God, Holiness of, its first mention in

Bible, 188

perfect, 190

proceeds from his very being, 190

is sublimely energetic, 190

asserts itself,.. 190, 191

is a positive thing, 191

not a mere antithesis to evil, 191

its relation to his justice, 191

its relation to law, 192

finds expression in his anger, 192

its relation to benevolence, 193

God, holiness of, not utilitarian, 104V

is not love to universe, 194

is not a means to an end, 194

co-existent with his love, 19i>

his primary and fundamental attri-
bute.., 195, 196

light thrown upon its place in divine
character by man's moral constitu-
tion 196, 196

is reason for punishment of persistent-
ly sinful, 197

and his love, reconciled in Atonement, 197
its majesty set forth in life and death

of Christ, 198

enhances his love to sinners, 198

sight of, preliminary often to a sight

of the divine love 199>

the practical effects of the study of,.. 199
God, idea of, may be described as char-
acterizing human nature, 76

its prevalence among mankind, 76-79

present when not formally asserted,. 77

present though rudimentary, 77

men In mass have entertained, 77

testimonies to the generality of, 78

implicit existence of, how attested,.. 78
developed on suitable occasion being

given, 78, 79

how accouuted for, 79-87

not from external revelation, 79

presupposed in either true or false re-
ligions 79

not from sense-perception or reflec-
tion, 79, 80

not from consciousness, 80-

not from conscious process of reason-
ing, 80

intuitive 86

God, intuitive knowledge of, dimmed

by sin, 86

influence of argument on, 87

hel ped by revelation, 87

assumed by Scripture, 87

Spencer denies that it is adequate to

purposes of science, 87

not an accretion of past experiences, 87

not present with brutes 87

Infinite, and cannot therefore arise

from any combination of finitcs,... 87
as valid as any belief in the Unknow-
able or in the Persistence of Force, 87
is a faith, and yet is foundation of a

science, 88

God, justice of, is transitive holiness,.. 191
requires creation for its existence,... 192
the publication and enforcement of

his nature, 198

reveals law 192

is legislative holiness, 192

is executive holiness, 192

the detecter and punisher of moral

evil 192

consistent with compassion, 193-

God, justice of, is not capricious, 193

invariable 195, 196

.God, love of, what it is, 198

cannot be resolved into holiness,.193, 194

chooses its objects, 195

the ground of his chastisements, 195

not the ground of punishment, 195

co-exists with holiness, 195

is optional, 196

conditioned by holiness, 196

absent from the inflictions of the fu-
ture, 197

and his holiness, reconciled in Atone-
ment, 197

best understood in light of his holi-
ness, 198

Goi>, The Living, 180-187

'God, the living,' a common designa-
tion in Scripture 180

the promulgation of its idea, the duty

of the Hebrews, 180

implies an all-originating andall-Sus-

taining life in God,... 180 I

implies that God has a life of the
Spirit, conscious, intelligent and

self-determining, 180

a conception of, delivers from the

tyranny of the modern idea of law, 183
a conception of, gives new vividness
and realitj» to God's dealings with

our individual souls, 185

brightest revelation of, in the incar-
nation, 187

'God's Providence our Inheritance,'.. 561
Good deeds, after doer's death rise to

heaven, 330

live on earth, 330

Gi>Uexbcuwxxtxein, 80

Graduation, feelings suitable to the oc-
casion of 544

Gravitation, its nature unknown, 33

a uniform and conscious expression

of mind and will, 42

Greek Exegesis, A Great Teacher

OF, 330-336

Greek literature, its introduction into

Europe 500

Green, a Hegelian, 61

Gregory of Nyssa, opposes pilgrimages, 485
Growth into moral goodness impossible

In fallen man, 112

Guibert, Abbot, on the Crusades, 493

Guizot, on Providence. 390

on causes of Crusades, 489, 490

Gunsaulus, Transfiguration of Christ,

quoted, 74

Gustavus Adolphus, his public vow,... 228

Guy of Lusignan, his career, 490

Gymnasium a useful appendage to a

Theological Seminary, 307

Gymnasia, German, have an elementary

theological course, 321

Bible closely studied in, 423 I

Habit, what? 575

how cultivated, 577

Habits In The Ministry, 575-578

H ACKETT, Processor Horatio B., Ad-
Dress At His Fi;nerai„ 330-336

Hackett, Professor Horatio B., on In-
crease of educated ministers about

Boston, 301

caught his exegetleal enthusiasm

from Stuart of Andover, 331

became a Baptist, 331

the Nestor of Greek exegesis in Bap-
tist denomination, 331

his influence not confined to Baptists, 332
his characteristics as a teacher,.. .332-335

revisits Germany, 335

his sudden death, 335

wide-spread regret at,. 336

his death alluded to, 554

Hadrian, his demolition of Jerusalem,. 484
Hale, Sir Matthew, his belief in witches, 147
Hall, Robert, loses his materialistic

views at the grave of his father 37

Hamilton, Sir William, on no difficulty
emerging in theology which has not

emerged in philosophy, 14

the injurious consequences of his doc-
trine of the relativity of knowledge, 16
relegates idea of divine existence to

realm of faith, 16, 88

his teachings opened up way to Ideal-
ism, 16

sought to remedy defects of Reld,... 61
showed absurdity of representative

perception, 62

admitted a vitiating ideal element
into our knowledge of an external

object, 62

failed to explain why nan-ego must

be extended, 62

the limits of his Natural Realism, 62

his concessions to Idealism, 62

his classification of Idealists, 62, 63

his treatment of Objective Idealism,. 63

his reply to T. Collyns Simon, 64

grants too much to Berkeley, 64

on logical absurdity of demonstrating

the absolute from the relative, 84, 85

his view of will, 123

Haroun al Raschld, his generosity, 485

Harris, a Hegelian, 61

Hartley, his theory of vibrations. 7

Hartinann, a contributor to our knowl-
edge of the facts of man's nature,.. 97
Harvard, feelings in its Memorial Hall, 277

its legend, 285

Hazard on foreknowledge not essential
to supreme governing power of

universe, 100

Heathen, our impression of their guilt

weakened by New Theology, 176

can claim nothing from God, 176

are guilty, 176

Heathen, have a manifestation of Christ

in this life, 176

have a universal sense of sin, 176

Christ is doing supra-historic work

among them 176

may have an implicit faith in Christ, 177

may implicitly reject him 177

Heathen lands, Christ yearns over, more

than over Christian 369

Heaven, its rewards, 160,161

a realm of crowned heads, 162

a place of historic retrospect, 365

Heavens, the nine of Dante, 508,509

Hebrews, their purpose in history, 180

Hebrews2: 11, ("of one").explained,.. 209
Hegel developed the subjective ten-
dencies of Kant's philosophy, 8

the influence of his transcendental

Idealism, 31

his explanation of the development

of the One into the Many, 60

makes the rational the real, 90

his system opposed by the fact that
personal wills war against the ra-
tional, '. 60

with him "thinking thinks,"...61, 70,166
his teachings, a counter-weight to ag-
nostic materialism, 61

has found able advocates, 61

his teachings end by opposing facts

of history and morality, 61

regards God as universal, impersonal

intelligence and will, 167

his view of the soul, 167

on Christianity 'seeking the living

among the dead,' 484

Hegelian revival, these are days of,— 533
Helena, and the Holy Places of the East, 455

Hell, according to Dante, 508

inscription over its gate, 510

sign of God's estimate of sin,. 514

its fire nnd brimstone, of whatsymbol-

ical, - 514

many men already there in this life,. 514
ascent from, to Purgatory, how ac-
complished, 515

Hell-gate rock, illustration from its re-
moval, 380

"Help-meet" explained, 400

Henry Fourth at Canossa, 487

Heredity, confirmatory of Scripture

doctrine of unity of race 165

Hickok's illustration of the principle of

causality, 10

Higginson's question, "Ought women

to learn the alphabet," 421

Hiqh-mindedness, 580-583

Hildebrand, his character, 486

his failure to originate a Crusade,.. 486
History, on Spencer's principles, a fa-
talistic development, 55

History, Church, And One Who
Tadoht rr 337-343

History, mediaeval, its cardinal point,.. 497
History, and natural history, related,339-

Hohenstaufen, house of, its efforts 49T

Holbach, D\ J. Baron, a French sensa-
tionalist philosopher, 58-

HOLINESS Of God, The, 188-200-

Holiness, a reward of heaven 161

what? 189

only approximate among men, 189,190

binding on men apart from results,.. 194
its supremacy will be acknowledged

by an assembled universe, 200

Holland, its pile-supported cities, illus-
tration from, 3

Holmes on man. 13

Holy-places, their true place in religion, 484
Holyoake's description of the results of

Positivism, 13

Homiletics. a part of Theological Semi-
narytraining, 304

Htnuxtum, Cicero on, 55-

Hooker, on Inspiration, 148

Hopkins, on the moral quality of an

action being only in its nature, 117

on God as the cause of every event,. 169

Horse-back riding in Palestine, 475

Hotchkiss, Rev'd V. R.. D. D., a teacher
of Bible In the original languages at
Rochester Theological Seminary,.. 344
an ardent lover and student of the

Bible 344

his general information, 346

peculiarities of his instruction, 346

love of Bible-lands,.. 346

Howe, John, on inscription on Temple

at Delphi 4

Hughes, Archbishop, on the impressi-
bility of early life, 416

'Humanity collective,' an object of

worship in Cointe's new religion,... 13
Hume, David, makes a further applica-
tion of Berkeley's principle, 59, 166

Sydney Smith's witticism upon. - 59

his exclamation to Ferguson 73

urges that he never saw a world

made, 81

stigmatizes miracle as a violation or

suspension of natural law, 133

his argument against miracles a pef<~

tititri>rincipU, 143, 144

Humility, Augustine on, 582'

Humists, what the soul is to them, 50

some modern, 59

Hunt on matricide among FIjians, .411, 412
Hunt, Holman, his "Shadow of the

Cross" referred to, 202

"Husband of one wife," its meaning, . 441
Husbandmen, excluded from Plato's

ideal government, 44T

Huxley, Thomas, the subservience of

some divines to him, 9

his researches conducted in a mate-
rialistic spirit, 31

Huxley, Thomas, declares spontaneous

action an absurdity, 36, 37

his definition of matter, 59

ou the absurdity of wasting time on

"lunar politics,". 75 |

on substituting' the " must" of neces-
sity for the " will " of law, WO

Hypocrisy, its future punishment ac-
cording to Dante, 512

Ice-floe, illustration from an incident

upon, 256

Idea, In nature, what? 34

as regarded by absolute Idealist, 62

in non-egoistical Idealism, 62

does not guarantee actual exist-
ence, 84

according to Hegel, 97

Ideal, an, its advantage to the young, 19
Ideas, in nature, solely product Of

mind, 33

according to Berkeley, ... 63

according to modern idealism, 65

distinct from cognition of them, 65

and things, distinct from each other

according to common-sense, 66

Idealism, declares matter spirit, 6

its consummation, pantheism, 8

Idealism, Modern, 58-74

Idealism, its teaching, 58

originates with Locke, 58

as taught by Hume, 59

as taught by Humists 59

its mischievous effects, . 59

Kant's reaction against, 59, 60

Flchte's modification of, 60 j

of Hegel, extreme, 60.61

of Hegel, its influence, 61

Hamilton's concessions to, 62-64

Hamilton's classification of, 62

Idealism, modern, bow held by Lot//;, . 63

Berkeley's varying views of, 63

reasons for its prevalence, 64, 65

the objective form of, freest from ob-
jection, 65, 66

objective form of, compared with

natural realism, 66

assumes that mind can know only

ideas, 66

inconsistent with itself 66

must grant existence of self before

cognition of ideas, 66, 67

cannot consistently maintain that the
object perceived is different from

the act of perception, 67

Professor Knight on, 6"

ignores difference between body and

idea of body, 67

confounds outness with distance,...67, 68
finds in self the ground of unity for

mental phenomena, 68

should find in material substance
ground of unity for material phe-
nomena 68

Idealism, modern,confounds conditions
of external knowledge with objects

of knowledge, 68, 6>

each advocate of, must consistently
deny existence of any other save

himself, «»

takes refuge in consciousness of God,

69, 70

view of God, according to 70

is monistic, 70

denies that mind can know matter,.70, 71

its influence on Christian faith, 71-74

destroys distinction between possible

and actual, 71, 72

destroys distinction between truth

and error, 72

should logically declare that God is
the only cause in the realm of spirit,

72. 78

strikes at the roots of morality, 73

leads to solipsism, 73

as injurious as materialism, 73, 74

why opposed by Hamilton, 73

best remedy for, 74

its advocates, 166

its nature, 166

teaches an exaggerated Individualism, 166
commencing In particulars ends by

giving up individuality, 167

adopted by many modern theolo-
gians, 167

Identity, absolute, the system of, de-
clares matter and spirit formsof one

underlying substance, 6

Identity, based by Jonathan Edwards

on the absolute decree of God, 71

system of Edwards and the New The-
ology, 167

Idolatry, what? 484

Image, mental, not necessary to knowl-
edge, 50

Imagination, what? 527

alone, will not make a poet, 531

shares in man's eternal progress 543-

Impressions, mental, require thing im-
pressed and thing which impresses, 43
Incontinence, sins of, according to

Dante, 511

Inconceivability, to make it a test of

knowledge, erroneous, 51

Indestructibility of matter, a relative
not an absolute truth 44


Individuality, typified by nature, 156

In men's bodies and souls, 156

illustrates God's freedom, 156

men's, inferences from, 157-163

implies that each is guilty of peculiar

sins,.. 157

of sin, renders it a peculiar insult to

God and influence for evil, 157

of sin, requires a peculiar account to

God, 157

Individuality, of sin, renders each " the

sinner" and "chief of sinners," 158

of man, requires the adaptation of
peculiar wisdom and grace to save

him, 158

requires a personal election and call,. 158
requires an intercession on behalf of

each, 158

requires personal leadings of Provi-
dence 159

requires special discipline, 159

involves a special experience, 159

implies a peculiar work to do for God,

159, 160

involves a peculiar reward, 160

raised in heaven to its intensest

power, 161

should be characteristic of minister,. 555

Induction, Dr. Porter on, 85

Dr. Peabody on, 85

warrants only an expectation, 140

rests ultimately on fact of universal

design HO, HI

Inertia, a property of matter, 33

means that matter is not self-moving, 44
Infinite, because undefined, said to be

unknowable, 51

God is. as being: the ground of the

finite, 51, 76

Inspiration, Its Method, 148-155

Inspiration, differences of opinion as to

method of, 148

the dictation theory of, according to

Hooker, 148

involves instances of direct dictation, 148

a manifestly human element in, 148

Quenstedt's view of, 148

dictation-theory of, will not cover

all the facts, 149

dictation-theory, passage alleged in

its favor, examined, 149

dictation-theory of, contradicts the
usual method of God's working in

the soul 149

is a union of the human and the di-
vine, 150, 153

is more than mere " general instruc-
tions," 150, 151

the help of God granted in 161

something like the afflntux exper-
ienced hy divinely helped preacher,


theorists upon, affected by their views

of the miraculous, 152

in, God speaks through not to man,... 153

more than illumination, 153

God in, can transcend the powers of

man's mental and moral nature, 153

docetic view of inspiration, 153

its products attract by their hu-
man ness, 153

permits every imperfection in its pro-
ducts not inconsistent with truth,.. 153

Inspiration, how knowledge is com-
municated therein, 153

defined, 153

does not require the communication

of words 154

in what sense it extends to all Scrip-
ture, 155

are there degrees of ?...'. 155

Browning's teachings on, 535

'Instruments in the hands of God,'the

statement guarded 550

Intelletual nature, man's, disproves ma-
terialism, 35

Intellectual Philosophy, its results as

real as t hose of physical obscrvatW .n, 20
Intellectual pursuits, their advantages, 563
Intelligence, theory of an unconscious,

in nature, stated and refuted,. .26, 27, 83
Intelligences, myriads engaged in di-
vine messages to this earth, 364



Interpretation, Biblical, its status at
end of second quarter of the cen-
tury, 331

fourfold, according to Dante 505

Intuition, Schelling's theory of direct, 60

its relation to truth, 171

Intuitions, primitive, called into con-
sciousness by outward influences,.- 21

cannot be got rid of, 22

what according to Spencer, 50

Kant's view of, 60

more than regulative,.. 60

Irving, Edward, his error 215

Isaiah's vision, its bearing on missions,. 389
Isocrates' encomium on Heraclitus ap-
plied to Browning, 542

Italian cities in the middle ages, 499

Jackals in Palestine, 477

Jaffa visited, 477

James, Henry, his novels character-
ized, 561

Janet, on will setting in motion a series
of events which could not have oc-
curred without its interposition,... 24

Jeremiah, 10: 10, 180

Jericho, its ruins, 477

Jerome opposes pilgrimages, 486

Jerusalem, its appearance,. 478

Jesus, Society of, as an example, 367

Jevons, on author of Baconian philos-
ophy 40

Jocularity not incompatible with se-
riousness, - 536

John of Damascus, an early theologian, 4

John, 21: 21,22, 156

John the Baptist, his mission 227

Johnson, Dr. Samuel, of Yale, his in-
fluence on Jonathan Edwards, 188

Jones, Sir William, on "What consti-
tutes a State?" 447

Joppa visited, 477

Jordan, the varied character of its

course, 476

Josephus, description of Christ in his

works interpolated, 203

Joy, a reward of Heaveu, 161

Jude, 3, expounded, 558

Judea, Wilderness of, its description,.. 479
Judecca, the lowest Hell according to

Dante, 512, 513

Judgment, the final, John Nelson's

dream of, . 529

Kaffirs, Koussa, state of women among, 411

Kant, outcome of his philosophy, 8

his idea of our conception of God,... 16
his revolt against idealistic skepti-
cism, 59, 61

showed that sense perceptions in-
volve a priori conceptions, 60

failed to see that the testimony to the
noumena is as valid as that to the

phenomenn, 60

only claimed for intuitions a subjec-
tive or regulative existence, 60

his refutation of the ontological ar-
gument for the existence of God... 84
maintained that things conform to

cognition not cognition to things,.. 84
on women's carrying learning for
show as they carry useless watches, 422
Kaulbach's picture in the Royal Mu-
seum, Berlin, referred to 17

Kemble, Mrs., her impulse when before

an audience, 429

Kentucky, underground rivers of,
types of human impulses below

consciousness, 96

'Kept,' its double meaning in Genesis

3 : 24, 393

Khayyam, Omar, his fatalistic teach-
ing, 533

Kindergarten, its success, 425

Kinodom Of God And Its Comino, 358-36"

.Kingdom of God, Christ its King, 358

world-kingdoms imperfect types of,. 358
the only truly universal monarchy,.. 359

how prophesied, 359

set u p in soul, 360

its pledge of naturalization, the Holy

Spirit, 360

typified by divine rule in nature, 360

is of grace and not of force, 361

an actual union with the life of God

in Christ, 362

is one, 362

its erection the great end of God's

economy of redemption, 363

is not of this earth alone, 363

once established is never destroyed,.. 364

its almost Incredible greatness 365

it shall come, 365

agencies through which it comes, 365

demands the best energies of every
young man, 366

Kingdom of God, its majesty furnishes

an incitement to labor, 366

it shall bo a blessed place to the true

laborer, 367

to foes a falling stone grinding to

powder, 367

King's Chamber in Great Pyramid 473

Klngsley, Charles, on ancient tragedy,. 533
Kinship with the sinning a ground of

sympathetic suffering, 217

'Know ' explained as ' limit' or 'define,' 51
Knowledge rests on more than facts,.. 10

Spencer's theory of, 47

according to Spencer, transformed

sensations, 50

its sources according to Locke, 58

involves more than is conveyed by

sensation, 68

does not require identity between

knowerand thing known, 70

how much a man may lawfully ac-
quire 463

Knowledge, relativity of, 47

term borrowed from Mansel and

Hamilton 47

a watchword of Spencer's philoso-
phy, 47

puts into our knowledge a vitiating

subjective element, 47

a reprehensible mystification of truth, 48

Knox, encomium upon, 557, 280

Krauth on Idealism, 71

Krupp, adopted co-operative system at

Essen, 456

Labor, its advantages to a sinful race,. 391

its place In Political Economy, 446

chief origin of wealth, 446

Hobbes on, 446

Adam Smith on, 446

division of, its advantages, 448

productive and unproductive, 449

its value rests on mental and moral

qualities entering Into 449

its value ascertained by regarding it

as "service,".. 449

is likely to have a larger share of

profits than previously, 455

Landor, Walter Savage, on Browning,. 535
Language, formation of, an instance of

unconscious intelligence, 26

Laplace, his scheme of universe, 44

Law, fixed and not phenomenal, 10

produces phenomena, 10

involves causation 11

essential to logic, 11

natural, God's ordinary channel of

working, - 46

imperceptible to the senses, 48

new conception of, confirmatory of

Scripture-realism, 165

perfection of divine, 176

as related to God, 184

tyranny of modern Idea of, 184

Law, not an exhaustive expression of

divine will, 185

God's, a transcript of his being, 192

holiness in requirement, 192

divine and human, not co-ordinate,

245, 216

Laws of nature, what? . 184

how inun uses them, 181, 185

Laying-on of hands in Ordination, con-
veys no new grace, 265

symbolic of public side of ordination, 265

conveys authority, 265

Leadership, Training Fok, 311-318

Leaders, church must have, 314

Leadership desirable in the church 314

training for needed, 315

requires confidence in the truth, 317

Leadinos, God's, 560-562

Learning, according to Lord Bacon, 463

Leaving The Ninety And Nine,... 368-377

Lecky's philosophy, its results 58

Leclaire, his conduct as employer, 455

Leibnitz, his nixi intcltechis, 58

Leighton, Archbishop, on the ministry, 299
Leasing, on a revelation revealing noth-
ing, 1211

Lewes, his antagonism to metaphysics, 8

his idea of philosophy, 49

Leyden jar, brain resembles, 552

Licensure, what? 260

Life, superior to mechanical and chem-
ical forces, 34

its relation to protoplasm, 34

reveals idea both in animal and plant, 34

originates from preceding life

not the result but cause of organiza-

its origin from inorganic elements, an

unscientific assumption, 35

comes from an immaterial source,... 35

a reward of heaven, 161

present, finality of its decisions, 177

human, modern idea of its sacredness, 207
'Like people, like priest,' good sense of

adage, 557

Limitation, self-, divine, involved in

God's perfection, 75

greatest proof of will and power, 186

shown in person of Christ,. 186

Lion-like features of character, what? 396
Lives, human, according to Pantheism, 8
'Living creatures,' term applied to

cherubim, 396

'Living Temple,' Howe's,alluded to,... 4

Locke, his influence,. 5,7

derives our knowledge from sensa-
tion, 58

his notion of reflection, 58

not always consistent, 58

his dictum, 58

opened the way to French sensation-
alism, 58

influence of his teaching on morals, .. 58

Locke, influence of his teaching on re-
ligion,... 5»

influence on Berkeley, 58

Kant's criticism on his system, 60

on Inspiration, 155

influence on modern Idealism, 166

Logic, an overweening, at war with the

existing qualities of nature, 6

requires recognition of law, 11

Lombards and Pope Alexander IIi, 499

Lotze, his Idealism, 62

Love defined 193

"Love and Death." a painting by Watts, 525
"Love and Life," a painting by Watts, 5J5
Lucretius revived in modern material-
ists, 39

the influence of his teachings, 56

Luke 24: 26, 213

Luther, his mistake in not founding

Theological Semluaries, 300

Luxuries, required by high mental de-
velopment, 464

consumption of, how far right for

Christian, 464 , 467

Luxury, must not waste money in, 465

a temperate, what? 465

must be consistent with love of God

and man, 465

must not be permitted to harden

heart, 466

must not make this life the chief ob-
ject, 466

must be means to a higher end, 466

must not interfere with claims of re-
ligion, 466

indulgence in, a question of personal

conscience, 466, 467

Lyall, William, on will, 123

LyeU, Sir Charles, on geology as earth's

autobiography 45

M. C. B., the legend on the Maecabean

standard, 367

Madonna della Seggiola of Raphael, de-
scribed 413

Maker, in what sense man is 527

Malice, its punishment according to

Dante, 512

\Ian inl mucriszt, 37

Man, a drop of water which can reflect

heaven and earth, 8

each, born un Aristotelian or Platon-

ist, 23

a microcosm, 2*

conquers nature, 24

is what he eats, says Feuerbach, 37

cannot be evolved from mere brute,. 48
a drop of water which chooses wheth-
er it will fall into the Rhine or

Rhone, 123

the power which gave him being must

think and will, 181

never absolutely holy in this world, 189,190
Man, his duty to himself, 190,191

the intelligence and volet; of nature,. 395
before Fall, perhups the climax of

ereaturely perfectlon, 395

ennobled bythepossesfcionof the (qual-
ities typified by the cherubim. .395,396
how related to Pope and Emperor ac-
cording to Dante, 506

Mandevllle, Sir John, his travels, 500

Manhood, dignity of, taught by Chris-
tianity, 447

taught by Political Economy, 447

not an intuitive Idea, 447

denied by greatest masters of ancient

thought, 447

its development the aim of social sci-
ence, 448

prohibits that man be uxed, 448

Manhood In The Ministry, 548-557

Manse!, His treatment of religious 1aith

unsatisfactory, 16

his suggested practical answer to
Flchte's illustration of the un-
changeableness of natural se-
quences, 135

Maorics, fate of a wise man among, 318

Mar Saba, ascent to, 480

Marhelnecke, on the improbability of

women becoming too learned. 430

Marriage, covenant of, in Eden, 400

what it is, 406

age for, discussed 428

unlawful in one State may be lawful

in another 434

valid though both parties go Into an-
other Slate to evade laws of their

own, 436

by a person divorced in N. i'. State,
valid in that State, if legally con-
summated in another 434

to deceased wife's sister, though le-
gally consummated in Denmark,

held invalid in England 434

law of domicile applies to, according

to Lord Chancellor Campbell, 434

Judges Wcstbrook and Story would

apply law of domicile to, 434

of a person In N. Y. State not dissolved

by a divorce issued in Ohio, 435

should be equally with divorce under

law of domicile, 435

Hishop denies that law of domicile ap-
plies to, 436

*' wretched condition of law regard-
ing," 437

law of Scripture regarding, 437-440

sanctity of, among Hebrews, 437

formalities prescribed by Mosaic law
before its dissolution, their benefi-
cent Intent, 437

Christ's exposition of its original law, 438
some modification of Christ's teaching
by St. Paul, asserted and denied, 438

Marriage, not a mere civil contract, 442

an ordinance of God, 442

is the mutual merging in one another
of the personal liberties of the con-
tractors, , 442

not a mere partnership, 442

not a sacrament, 442

yet it is sacred, 442

law regulating, a part of international

law 433

has legal ubiquity of operation 433

its validity to be decided by law of

place where celebrated, 433

may be declared null and void In cer-
tain eases, wherever celebrated, by

express declaration of statute, 433

though illegal if contracted within X.
Y. State, yet if contracted without
the State is not illegal, because of
absence from Statutes of express
clause declaring such marriage null

and void, 433

the state of law in U. S. A. concerning, 434

Brook vs. Brook 434

Cropsey vs. Ogden, 435

Erken orach vs. Erkcnbrach, 437

Kerrlson vs. Kerrison, 434

Marshall vs. Marshall, 432, 433, 434

O'Dea vs.O'Dea, 437

People vs. Baker, 435

People vs. Hovey, 436

Ponsford vs. Johnson, 434

Thorp vs. Thorp, 436

Van Voorhis vs. Brintnall, 436

Martineuu, James, on philosophers

braining themselves, 9

on statistical averages) 24

on 'the ought to bo other than what

is.' 37

Martyr, Justin, on the youth of Christ, 202
Massey, Gerald, the poet of labor,

quoted on its anticipations, 457

Mastery of self, its nature, advantages

and conditions 563-566

Material cause, what? 92

Materialism, its vicious efforts after

monism, 6,7

the drift of unbelief 111 the present day, 31
colors science, literature, education,
philanthropy and theology of the

time, 31

must be met and neutralized by Chris-
tianity, 31

what? 31,32

propounded by Demouritus and Epi-
curus, 32

rises In periods of national and social

declension, 32

contains a small amount of truth, 32

a protest against Idealism, 32

ignores anything above or behind the
existence and working of material
elements, 32

Materialism, its refutation from three

different sources,

furnishes no proper cause for the uni-
verse, 33

its doctrine that force isa property of

matter untenable, 33

cannot explain the force subjected to

idea present in the universe, 33, 34

cannot explain the phenomena of life, 34

disproved by facts of our being, 35

cannot educe intellect from matter,.. 35
cannot reduce to physical measure-
ments thought or feeling,. 35

regards mind as a tablet on which seu-

sations make their mark,... 35

cannot make thought a link in any

series of material phenomena, 35

in its suggested explanation of mind
contradicts facts of consciousness,. 36

destroys free will, 36

its determinism, 36

its outcome rigidly necessitarian 36. 37

annihilates conscience, 3"

how Martineau came to revolt against

it, 37

gives up immortality of soul, 37

logically, it is Atheism, 37,38

disproved by facts of our religious ua-

ture, 38

in what it originates, 38

refuted by a souse of sin in the soul, 38
cannot explain the person of Christ,.. 38

impossible to the Berkelelau, 58

monistic in its scheme of the uni-
verse, — 70

an aruumcntum ail igunranttam,. 70

Materialistic Skepticism, 31-38

Mathematical truth, merely phenome-
nal, according to Positivism, 11

Matter, interpreted by mind, 3

and spirit, neither can be ignored,... 6
in the act of knowing it, what other

acts involved, 9

what, according to Positivism, . 11

not a sufficient cause for universe,... 33

in its last analysis, what? 43

Boscovitch's idea of, 43

if force, purely subjective 43

known with the same certainty we

know our existence, 43

not developed from loose forces in an

empty void. 44

indestructibility of, no a priori truth, 44

its inertia, 44

its motion inexplicable without ad-
justment, 44

external, Berkeley declined to postu-
late as cause of sensations, 58

definition of, by Mill, 59

definition of, by Huxley, 59

supposition of its existence, contrary
to common-sense according to
Berkeley, 59

Matter, according to prevailing philos-
ophy, 'only definable in terms of

sensation,' 64

only has meaning in connection with

mind, 66

its eternity held by most ante-Chris-
tian and many modern philosophers, 81
Maudsley. on design implying imper-
fection in God, 12

Maxwell, Professor Clerk, on atoms as

'manufactured articles,1 ,.. 44

McCosh, James, his scheme of philos-
ophy midway between Nescient and

Omniscient schemes, 15

Medicine, students of, in dauger of pass-
ing over spiritual facts, 19

Mechanical philosophy, the present

vogue, 31

employment destructive of virtue ac-
cording to Aristotle, 447

Memphis visited, 470, 475

Mental energy, not a physical force,... 35

not measured by physical tests, 35

Mental facts, demonstrable, 20

Mercantile theory, of Political Econ-
omy, its teachings and effects, 449

Metaphysical inquiry equally valid with

physicai, SO

Metaphysics, denied by philosophy of

Nescience, 8

and theology, both declared by Comte
a relic of the infancy of the race,... 13

a science of, 20

at basis of all other science, 20, 21

many terms of science have their

meaning from, 21,22

unconsciously admitted bydeniers,.. 22
Metellus, Censor, his opinion of women,


Middle Ages, great idea of, 492

Mihi Vircrc Chrixlm, a motto, 585

Mill, John Stuart, his erudition and acu-
men, 8

his inconsistency in use of word

'cause,' 22

Iils opinion of validity of mathemati-
cal axioms, 49

a Humist, 59

his definition of matter, 59

his definition of mind, 59

his object of worship, 77

his argument from seeming imperfec-
tions in nature, 83

on ' Sullied ton of Women,' 403

on marriage, 407

his portrait, 525

his idea of God in relation to uni-
verse, 542

Milton, John, his influence on English

religious thought, 507

Mind, not a modification effected In
brain of a common ultimate physi-
cal force, 6

Mind, what, according to philosophy of

Nescience, 8

as open to investigation as matter,... 9

what, according to Positivism, 11

in nature, as plain to observer as in-
telligence in other men is plain to

him, 27

presents the truest image of God, 28

active in its knowing, 35

connected with but not identical with

matter 35

its testimony to its own nature, 36

cannot be got from matter, 46

not a kibulu rasa at start, 48

its a priori cognitions, 48

defined by Mill, 59

defined by Berkeley, 59

not an idea, 66

not a succession of feelings, (16

Minister, its meaning, 250, 449

Christian, regard bestowed on his per-
son in early New England days, 285

his office now too generally regarded

as a mere profession, 286

should have a conviction that he is

called of God, 286

characteristics prominent in his

youth, — 545

his true influence arises from presence

of Christ within, 545

the advantages which flow from his
possession of the self-sacrificing

spirit of Christ, . 548

his two great principles, 548

must be a true man, 548, 551

his manhood to bo sought in Christ,.. 549

what he is not, 549

should seek after a self-determined

activity of all his powers, 550

should be a man of one purpose, 551

his pulpit should be the focus of a

world-wide whispering-gallery, 551

should preach as possessing 'one only

life,' - 551, 559

dependent on God for power, 552

obtains spiritual influence by submis-
sion to the laws of its communica-
tion, 553

should be an agent rather than an in-
strument, 553

not a hand-, but a power-machine,... 553
an arrow in the hand of the Al-
mighty, 553

should have enthusiasm, 553

should be a man of much prayer, 553

needs passive courage, 555

needs especially active courage, 555

should possess intelligent independ-
ence, 555

should be fearlessly frank of speech,. 555

influenced by the national spirit, 555

should impress by earnestness of phys-
ical energy,... 556

Minister, should not be impeded by tra-
ditional rules, 556

should cultivate practical force...555, 556
should have a better motto than' hold

the fort,' 556

should seek to fulfill in a sense 'like

people like priest,' 557

his prerogative, great boldness, 557

his courage should come from Christ

as the heart of his life, 557

must oppose to the skeptical dogma-
tism of the times the dogmatism of

faith, 557

should have a definite body of truth

, by which he can stand, 558

should have confidence and zeal in

the propagation of the truth,...558, 559
in what sense should preach develop-
ment, 559

how he should preach the gospel, 559

enjoys the leadings of God, 560

the subject of God's Providential lead-
ings, 561

the subject of the Spirit's leadings,

561, 562

must master himself if he would mas-
ter others,. 563

must master his besetting sins, 563

must master his intellectual powers,. 563
must submit to actual circumstances, 563

must avoid denunciation, 564

must not despair, 564

must bide his time, 564

is weakened by consciousness of

secret sins 564, 565

should exemplify the divine law, 565

should manifest the presence with

him of a personal Christ, 565

his true self must put down his false, 565

is a shepherd, - 567

should be open-minded to receive and

to communicate truth, 567

should avoid subterfuge, 567

should be hopeful and trustful,.. .567, 568.

should be sympathetic, 568

should not regard audience 'as rows

of cabbage,' 570

should recognize his hearers' needs,.. 570
should adapt himself as Christ
adapted himself to circumstances,

570, 571

should be master of spiritual diag-
nosis ' 571

advantages which become his from

adaptation in his preaching, 571, 572

should regard Bible as final standard

of appeal, 572

his vocation sublime, 574

should study daily original Scriptures, 575
should cultivate the homlletlc habit, 576
should cultivate the demonstrative

habit, 576

should maintain a believing habit, 576, 577

Minister, how he may cultivate right

habits, 577

himself, more than his preaching, an

influence, 577

will have doubts, 578

his doubts do not affect the truth of

the general Christian scheme 578

must not put too much stress on his

doubts 579

must not preach his doubts, 579

though doubting,must work and pray, 579
must cherish a proper high-minded-

ness, 581

must avoid an improper high-miudcd-

ness 581, 582

should seek humility by contemplat-
ing the cross, 583

should have zeal, 584

should avoid fanaticism, 584

his zeal should possess passionate de-
votion 584, 5S5

acquires zeal by taking Christ into

heart, 585

should receive Christ for personal

holiness and external influence, 585

Ministers, Christian, present demand

for, 299, 300

trustees of "the faith once delivered

to the saints," 558

Ministry, Claims Of Christian, On
Young Men In Courses Of Pre-
Paratory Study, 269-280

Ministry, Christian, fulling off of stu-
dents for, . - 179

oneness of race, an argument for en-
tering, 179

importance of guarding entrance to, 259

set up by God, 270

the highest human vocation, 2T0, 574

call to enter it, more common than

generally supposed,. 271

the nature of the call to, 271

duty of seeking out candidates for,.. 272
thorough preparation for, requisite,. 272

has its infelicities, 272, 273

compares favorably with other pro-
fessions, 273

has an attractive start, 273

has an assured social position 273

helps to a symmetrical manhood, 273-275
the agency of greatest usefulness to

mankind, 275, 276

requires self-sacrifice, 276

its claim for service rests on sin and

sorrow of world, 277

proffers immortal honors, 278

Ministry, Sources Of Supply For, 281-288
Ministry, decrease of trained men en-
tering it, 281-287

statistics showing fact 281, 282

not counterbalanced by increase of
ability among the diminished candi-
dates, 282

Ministry, decrease of trained men en-
tering, occurs in spite of a wide-
spread demand for able men, 283

may be explained by the prevailing
philosophy of the time, 283

may be explained by the rush for ma-
terial riches, 2X3, 285

may be explained by the secularizing
of our colleges, 284, 285

may arise from a change of view as
to the divine nature of the ministry, 283

may be remedied by ministers mak- .
ing their calling attractive, 286

may be remedied by ministers walk-
ing worthy of their vocation 287

may be remedied by laymen inducing
suitable young men to enter it, .287, 288

may be remedied by a provision for
proper training for the work, 288

may be remedied by affording student
suitable help during his time of
study, 288

should be made a matter of prayer,.. 288
Ministry, Lack Of Students For, 289-293

statistics showing number of men
in, to churches, 289

statistics showing number of un-
trained men in, 289

statistics showing falling off in stu-
dents lor, 289

men of culture and promise ceasing
to enter, 289, 290

strong churches ought to furnish men
for 290

Christians have been indifferent to its
supply, 291

parents are not anxious that their
children should enter, 2!>1

should draw its men from the best
families, 2!)2

if more reverenced, its ranks would

be fuller, 292, 293

Ministry", Education For: Its Prin-
Ciples And Its Necessity, 294-391

a divine appointment, 294, 295

requires a special educat ion, 295

Christian, and Mosaic priesthood dis-
tinguished, 295

must be abreast of life,. 296

of a past generation, ineffective now, 296

requires education because of skepti-
cal tendencies of the day, 296

requires special discipline because of
intensity of modern life, 297

requires special training because the
age one of organization, 298

requires its members to be consecra-
ted and ardent students of truth, 298, 299

training for it should be supplied by
our churches, 299

parents no longer anxious that their
children should enter, 299
Ministry. Education for: Its dignity,... 299

Archbishop Leighton on. 299

according to George Herbert. 299

Baptist, specially requires knowledge

of original Scriptures. - 300

Ministry, Education For, Its Idea

And Its Kequisitks, 302-313

requires special educational institu-
tions, 303

not numbers, but quality wanted, 30(1, 544
dearth of candidates for, explained,

319, 320

rule of admission to, narrower than

that of church-membership, 440

special qualifications required for,... 440
candidates for, must be ' blameless,' . 440
a man is disqualified for, whose earli-
er sin shows traces in his present

conduct, 441

a man is disqualified for, who has de-
fied 'the powers that be,' 441

•good report' necessary to 441

candidate for, must be, if husband at

all, husband of one wife 441

its 'throe onlies,' 545. 546

the word of God, its only weapon, ... 545

its true success, 545

faith in Christ, its energy, 54li

aided by Holy Spirit, 546

manhood a condition of success in,.. 548

must have power, 552

eutlmsiusm needed in, 553

a prophetic office. 553

for the period, spirit suituhlc to, 559

meets a crying want of humanity,... 56"

Minnesingers, their rise, 500

Miracles, not impossible or improbable, 19

Miracles, The Christian, 129-147

Miracles, As Attesting A Divine

Revelation 1211-147

Miracles, Christ inn. furnish principal

ovidenee for Christianity 129

the external certification which they

furnish evidential, 130

must be defended as being in the very

substance of Scripture, 131

cannot be sundered from the internal

evidences, 131

prove doctrine and doctrine miracles, 131

not a burden, but a support, 132

why so generally ignored,. 132

defined, 132, 133

not described in Scripture as viola-
tions or suspensions of natural law, 133
do not necessarily suspend or violate

natural law, 134

may be instances in which lower laws
and forces in nature are transcend-
ed and merged in higher ones, 134

are possible if God be possible,.. 136

do they require immediate volitions of

God at time of their occurrence. 136-139
* providential,' what? 13S. 137

Miracles, Christian, Babbago's theory
of 137

provided for in the original plan of
nature, 137, 138

'unusual, while natural law is habit-
ual, divine action,' 138

resultsof immediate divine operation,
reason for preferring to regard them
as, 138, 139

recurrence of, unproved, 139

if fully known to us wo could not ex-
plain them, 140

are they probable? 140, 143

presumption against them on account
of general uniformity of nature,... 140

uniformity of nature does not render
them impossible, 140, 141

principle of final cause will account
for them 141

shown to he not impossible by occur-
rence of geologic cataclysms, 141

probable, because physical universe
exists for moral ends 142

probable, iH'cnuse an exigency worthy
of such an interposition has oc-
curred 142, 143

are they supported by sufficient evi-
dence? 143, 144

the prfttfai inincipii in Hume's argu-
ment, 143. 144

can be matter of testimony like other
facts, 144

their central one, the resurrection of
Christ, considered in detail, 144, 145

ceased probably with llrst century, .. 145

ceased with completion of canon, 146

how distinguished from false, 146

the only miracles that rationally jus-
tify credence, 147

civilization has not destroyed belief

in them, 147

Missionaries, should respect the inde-
pendence of native churches, 381

are evangelists from home-churches, 382

should inculcate on native churches
duty of self-support and self-propa-
gation, 382

should have a double faith, 382

should develop native agency, 383

the character of the men who should
be, 383

should servo apprenticeship, 384

should be brought home frequently,. 384

should have interviews with home
Committee, 384

should be amenable to discipline at
at hand of executive, 384

Jesus Christ, the greatest of, 388

Missions, rest upon a conviction of the
oneness of the race 179, 373

are paralyzed by the teaching of a
future larger opportunity for the
heathen, 179

Missions, must follow lines of secular

effort, 370

rest on a self-imparting love, 371

commenced among a lapsed Semitic

race, 372

of apostles, did not overlook out-of-
the-way places, 372

to barbarous Britons, 372

re-creative in their influence, 372

a century, a brief time to test them,. - 373
a universal devotion to, would hasten

millennium, .375, 376

their present danger not enthusiasm,

but self-indulgence 375

safety of church lies in, 375

Missions, Economics Of, 378-386

Missions, seventy years of American

Baptist, 378

economics of, 378

should be established among degrad-
ed and weak tribes, 378

to Burmans and Karens contrasted,.. 379
must not overlook intellectual and re-
fined peoples, 379

should have persistent reinforcement, 379
must be an exhibition of Christian

life 379

find a help in lack of individuality

among heathen 379

evangelization the principal branch

of, 380

medical, not much needed, 380

education need not precede, 380

their converts should be gathered

into churches without delay, 381

their churches, character of 381

must not developo into episcopacy,.. 381
their converts not to be kept in per-
petual tutelage, 382

their slow progress in France ex-
plained, 382

importance of visiting-deputations to

their various fields, 385

separate fields should be assigned to

individual churches, 385

are the greatest argument for Chris-
tianity, 388

are the distinctive mark of Christian-
ity 388

the record of, has enlarged the con-
ception of humanity, 388

show what Christianity really is, .388, 389
based upon four fundamental doc-
trines, 389

Christianity is an argument for, 389

love for, connected with love to

Christ, 389

our attitude to, a test of character,... 389
Missions, modern theory of, founds it-
self on laws of civilization and pro-
gress, 369

pays little attention to commands and
promises of Scripture, 369

sions, modern theory of, would con-
fine its efTorts to the intelligent and

advancing races, 389"

adduces apostolic missions as planted

mostly in centres of influence, 389

would confine missions to America
since best races represented here,.. 370

an element of truth in, 370

wrong, because it would not preach

gospel to every creature, 371

violates that instiuct of Christian love

which stoops to the weakest, 371

is opposed to the method which has

been historically successful, 372

ignores the solidarity of the race, 37J

contemns the elevating grace of self-
abandonment, 371

contravenes the plan that gives most

glory to Christ, 375

deserts the example of our Savior,... 376
hesitates to east itself absolutely upon

the divine power and promise, 376

Missions, Theology Of, 387-390

Moffat, Robert, his mistake as to athe-
ism of certain African tribes, 78

Mohammedanism, to an extent a mis-
sionary religion, 388

its moral teaching, 388

Money, not, of itself, root of every evil, 461
Monism, in every form, fatal to theol-
ogy,! 7

is either Materialism or Pantheism,.. 7

false in every form, 24

adopted by Spencer, 47

its fascination for philosophic mind.. 55

Mont Blanc, illustration from, 5

Moody, D. L., an example of consecra-
tion, 565

Mount of Penitence, its discipline of

souls, 516, 517

Moral argument for existence of God,

see Anthropological

Moral inquiry as valid as physical re-
search, 20

Moral feelings affirm not advantage but

obligation, 53

ideus latent in mind of a child, 77

obligation, according to Spencer

founded in utility or happiness, 54

quality of an action, in what it resides,
according to Hopkins and Emmons, 117
Moral truth, as' positive' as physical,.. 20
demonstrable by its own evidence,... 20
has its place in every system of

thought, 22

Morality, Christian, its rules co-inci-
dent with those of utility, 451

Morals and science, complementary,. 20

Mosaic cosmogony, evolutionary, 45

Motion of matter, its source, 33

what implied in its existence, 44

evolutionary, requires co-ordinating
intelligence, 44
Motive is the man, 123

Motives, by which an unregenerate per-
son may be led to give preliminary

attention to truth, 119

not causes but occasions of an action,

121, 123

free agency power to choose between,


compounded of external presenta-
tions and internal dispositions, 122

do not determine will, 123

will obeys them, yet is active, elec-
tive, sovereign in its obedience,— 123
Mozley, on the two ruling ideas con-
cerning God, 143

MttUer, Julius, his modified determin-
ism, 122

on the attributes of God, 189

on Christ, if only human nature,

necessarily sinful, 205

Mulford, Elisha, his theology tends to
make God in human spirit the only

cause, 167

Munger, Theodore T., his New Theol-
ogy, 167

Murphy on conscience as an evidence

for God, 84

Naticinwumac frwjex, who in Political

Economy, 449

Natural Realism, Held an advocate of,. 61
Nature, adaptations in, according to
Positivism, results of mechanical

laws, 12

alone gives us no conception of mind

or of God, 23

must be interpreted by our know-
ledge of mind, 24

its conquest by man, the idea of mod-
ern civilization, . 24

becomes a revelation of God, if in-
terpreted by what we find within

ourselves, 29

the term defined, - 132

Nature, its uniformity, not absolute

and universal, 140

not a truth of reason,.. 141

not supported by science, 141

amenable to moral law, 142

the garment of Deity from which he

can4 make bare his arm,' 390

conquered by man's obedience, 553

Naville, Ernest, on human liberty, 95

Nazareth, its prominent features,.. .482, 483
Neaves, Lord, his witty lines on Mill

and Hume, 11

Nebular hypothesis, illustration from,. 2
'Necessary, the,' and ' customary ' can-
not be oonfounded 11

Necessary laws of mind must be as-
sumed in the very attempt to deny

them, 49

Nero, Paul's direction to obey him, how
to be understood, 402

Nero, the philosophy of Nescience com-
pared to, 8

Nescience, the philosophy of, denies di-
rect knowledge of mind, 8

demolishes all philosophy, 8

denies existence of mind, 8

how it explains what is called' mind,' ft
regards thought as mere cerebration, 8
looks 1ipon religious and moral con-
ceptions as only diseased imagina-
tions, 8

Comte, its coryphecus, 9

its stock argument against Theism,.. 51

Nestorianism, nouiinalistlc, 164

Newman, John Henry, his history af-
fected by his idealistic notions, 7

on miracles, - 138

Newton, his idea of gravitation, 33

Niger, the river, an illustration from,.. 16

Nile, description of, 470

Ninetv And Nine, Leavino The,.368-37"
usual interpretations of the parable,. 36*

author's interpretation, 369

Nominalism, what? 164

its two principal applications in the-
ology, 164

atomistic, 164

as regards divine nature involves vir-
tual tiithelam, 164

conceives of the divine attributes as

mere names, 164

regards mankind as a collection of in-
dividuals, 165-

inconsistent with a common Fall and

common Redemption, 165,

Nm> pltnl nmciimir, 101

JVon pome peccare, characteristic of

whom, 107

JVon posse non peceare, characteristic of

whom, 107

Noumena, testified to by reason 60

Oberlln "China Band," 385

Obligation founded in the moral char-
acter of God, 55

Occam, an early Nominalist, 164

'Occasional cause,' what? 9?

GMipus, his fate that also of evolu-
tion, 46

his fate an unchristian conception,... 120

Olives, Mount of, its appearance, 478

Olshausen, on the word of God, 165-

on divine knowing being equal to

willing 165

Omar, the Saracen Caliph, 48f>

Omar Khayyam, his teaching, 533

Oneness of self, origin of idea of unity

in nature, 22

Onlies, The Three, 544-54i>

Ontological argument for existence of
God, founded on abstract necessary

ideas of mind, 84

Is now generally abandoned, 84

its false assumption, 84

Orchids, Darwin on ' design' in arrange-
ments for their fertilization, 12

Order, idea of, its origin 22

Ordinances, their form significant, 247

their mutual order significant, 247

because monumental, must have form

carefully preserved, 247

Ordination, ("ouncii.s Of, Their

Powers And Duties, 239-268

Ordination, its importance, 260

of deacons, 260, 298

its preliminary stage, 260

its complementary stage, 260

the act of the local church, 260

council but assistant in, 260

may be attended to in extreme eases

without or in spite of a council, 260

its nature explained, 265

certain accompaniments or, 265

import of prayer and laying-on of

hands therein 265, 266

ministers coining from other bodies

should receive, 266

involves three things, 266

the public service in, its order de-
tailed, - 267

to whom should it be granted, 268

Ordination, councils of, they guurd en-
trance of ministry 259

called into existence by local church, 259

have advisory power only, 259

have moral influence, 259

neglect of their advice, a serious

step, 260

confer no special grace, 260

help local churches to determine upon

call and qualifications of candidate, 260
grant authorization to exercise gifts

within denomination, . 260

may have unordained members, 261

should discharge their duties most

solemnly and scrupulously 261

should be effectively constituted, 262

ministerial and lay elements in them

should be properly balanced, 262

their examination of candidates

should be public, 262

their deliberations subsequent to ex-
amination should be private, 262

proposed rules of procedure, 263-264

Organization, only explicable on hy-
pothesis of an organizing force su-
perior to matter, . 34

*' Orients himself," the expression al-
luded to, 302

Origen on 'development' in Genesis,.. 45
Othello's treatment of Dcsdemona re-
ferred to, 580

Ought, more imperative.than self-inter-
est, 54

Oung-pen-la, its influence, 374

Outness, what it is and what it sup-
poses, 67

Overbeck's picture of the child-Christ, 202

Ox-like character, what? 396

P., impressed upon forehead of each

penitent in Purgatory,.. 526

Palaestra of the Greeks referred to, 307

Palestine, recollections of, 474-179

method of travelling in, 474, 475

extent and accessibility of, 475

its advantageous situation, 475, 476

a sample land, 476

Mediterranean route through, 476,477

its mountaitiousness, - 477

objects of visiting. 479

what it was to the Crusaders, 496

Paley, utilitarian and materialistic, 5

did not sufficiently recognize divine

immanence, 167

Paradise, of the Divine I 'umcily, 520-522

its description the poet's loftiest ef-
fort therein, 518, 519

its nature too elevated for popular

appreciation, 519

is a state of will freed from earthly

desire, 519

in it, the capacity of perfection varies, 519
its law one of upward gravitation,... 519

Beatrice, Dante's guide in, 519

its outward surroundings accompani-
ments of character, 519

its heaven of the moon, 519

its heaven of Mercury, 520

its heaven of Venus, 520

its heaven of the Sun, 520

its heaven of Mars, 520

its heaven of Jupiter, 520

its heaven of Saturn, 520

its heaven of the Fixed Stars, 520

its heaven of the l*rimum Mubile, 520

among its privileges, a revelation of

the Trinity in Unity,. 520

its ruling conception, light qualified

by love, 521

in it, nearness to God and servieo to

his creatures are combined, 522

rank in, determined by strength of

vision of God 528

'The Rose of the Blessed,' its connec-
tion with the lower heavens, 522

constituted by a combination of holi-
ness and love 523

perfect sympathy and communion

between the spirits in 523

Parcimony, the law of, urged by Ham-
ilton against Berkeley 's views 64

Park, Dr., of Andover, on Original

Sin 169

on Will, 169

on Atonement, 174

rjappiivta, its meaning enlarged on, 555

Pascal, on the mutual dependence of

miracles and morals, 131

Pastor, Mental Qualities Requi-
Site To, r*ifi-56M

Paul, by inspiration reached a point
where divine sovereignty and hu-
man freedom appeared in harmony,


his speech on Mars' Hill 181

his designations of himself in hist ear-
lier and later epistles a mark of

growth in grace 210

Peabody, Kphruim. his illustration of

miracle, 139, 140

Pelagian view of original depravity

arises from a false view of will, 101

Pclaglus, his error nccording to N. W.

Taylor, 169

Penance, its three elements, 516

Penny, parable of, its meaning, 160

Perception, Internal, a dual cognition,. 43
Perfection the fundamental attribute

of God 51

Persian controversial maxim, 244

Personality, the grounds on which it is

attributed to God, 52

consistent with the uniformity of his

operations, 52

Peter of Picardy, 487

preaches crusades, .. - 487

at Council of Clermont, 487

Peter's, St., ut Rome, alluded to, 3, 242

Phenomena, the narrower and larger

meaning of the term, 30

Philippians 2: 12, 13, commented on, 115-117


Philosophy, at the basis of religion as a

science, 2

answers the questions of the logical

understanding as to religion, 3

deals with underlying facts, 3

analytic in its method, 3

it defines and correlates primary con-
ceptions of revelation, 3

furnishes with aclentlnc accuracy the
facts of man's mental constitution
which are required by Theology,... 3,4
has given Theology its logical order,. 4
its modern contributions to religion, 5
through Theology it affects the prac-

tieal life of church and nation, 5

its dangers are also those of religion, 5
and religion, both inclined to a vicious

monism, 5, 6

Idealistic, its inllucncc on John

Henry Newman, 7

Materialistic, its influence on Joseph

Priestley 7

Sensational, its Influence on France,.. 7
Kantian, its Influence in Germany,... 8
of Nescience, altogether antagonistic

to Christianity, 8, 9

an impartial, essential to the perfect

triumph of religion, 14

a true, a weapon for subduing the

world to Christ, 14

will exist while world stands, 14

Philosophy, a source of discipline and

strength for the preacher, 14

a true and false have been side by

side in all ages of the world, 15

is now being prosecuted according to

inductive methods, 16

a true, secured by retention of the

fundamental facts of consciousness, 16
vitiated by Hamilton's doctrine of the

relativity of knowledge, 16

finds its highest province in the Inter-
pretation and defence of the intu-
ition of God, 17

of Hegel, its influence, 31

the Mechanical, its present influence

accounted for, 31

the fashion of, changes, .31, 39. 283

false, bears relation to periods of na-
tional decadence, 81, 32

every false, has its modicum of truth, 32
Philosophy Of Evolution, The,...39-57

Philosophy, Cosmic, 39-57

Physical research, undue prosecution

of, its influence on our age, 32

Physician, the proper characteristics

of 19

In danger of materialism, 20

a, who learned the divinity of Christ
while praying to him on behalf of a

patient, 211

Physicians admonished, 30

Piaeenza, Council of, 487

Picture, a, not explained by an inven-
tory of the colors which compose it, 23

Pilgrimage, its history, 484

Pilgrims to Holy Sepulchre, their fanat-
icism, 478

washing in Jordan, 478

Pisans invade Syria, 486

Pitti Palace, a suggestive combination

of heathen and religious art in, 413

Poet, his three-fold function 326

can only take up a department of

poetry, 528'

must show the essential truth of

things 528

must have a large knowledge, 532

must have right views of human na-
ture, 532, 533

must have proper views of God, .533, 534
must have right views of the rela-
tions between man and G od, 534


Poetry, anew definition of, 526

deals with the universe, 527

cannot be compassed by any one finite

mind, 527

must idealize, 531-536

does not yield its full meaning to cur-
sory perusal, 539

requires lucid construction, 537-539

requires rhythmical and musical ex-
pression, 541

Political Economy, its relation to

Christianity, 443

what it is not, 443

includes moral influences, 443

Storch's definition of, 443

De Quincey's view of it, 443, 444

its (rreat principles have been gener-

ally settled 444

co-extensive with humanity, 444

it seeks to discover the methods and
results of the principle of self-in-
terest, 444

recognizes self-love as a rational prin-
ciple, 444

allied to Moral Philosophy, 444

a branch of Christianity in the con-
crete, 445

recognizes manhood as supreme, 446

gives an honorable place to human

labor. 446

is not materialistic, 447

its idea of service, 448

benevolence, inherent in, 450

a witness to Christianity, 458

not against wealth, 462

Political Economy and Christianity,
connected by their innermost prin-
ciples, 444

their mutual influence +45

any appurent antagonism between

them is hurtful, 445, 446

their relat ion one of pre-existent har-
mony, 446

are parts of one great system. 446

a human element in both, 446

both make man king of this lower

world, 447

a social element in both, 448

both recognize men's mutual needs

and interdependence, 448

both insist on value of 'service,' 449

both estimate labor according to men-
tal and moral elements which enter

into it, 449

both teach that the service of others
is compatible with one's highest in-
terests, 449

they differ mainly in their points of

view and fields of activity, 450

application of their common princi-
ples to Capital and Labor, 451-457

their rules will yet regulate mankind,

456, 457

some questions to which their joint

principles might be applied, 458

they give the same truths on differ-
ent planes, 458

one illustrates thi'other, 458

stand to each other as Mosaic law to

Christianity. 459

are iudissolubly connected, 459

are not co-ordinate, 459

their connection illustrated by haci-
yan-tree, 1 460

Polo, Marco, his travels, 50O

Pompeii, frescoes of, 56

Pope, the, 'a servant of servants,' 210-

Porter, his criticism of Hamilton, 62

on efficient causessubordiuatcto final

causes, 141

Positivism, denies knowledge of human

mind 8

denies metaphysics, H, 13

admits only a spontaneous vegetative

life 8

denies God, freedom, conscience, im-
mortality 8

accepted by minds of much erudition

and acumen, 8

has permeated the literature of the

day, 8

has effected in manv cases uncon-
sciously our theological views, 9

its coryplncus, Auguste Comte, 9

its postulate, nothing known but ma-
terial phenomena, 9

denies both efficient and final causes,


its teachings contradict conscious-
ness, 9

its teachings invalidate all knowledge

and science, .*. 9

teaches that cause is merely regular-
ity of sequence, 10

teaches that law is an arbitrary suc-

session of phenomena, 10

teaches <'X nihilo omfrfa Hunt 10-

denies causal judgment, 11

abolishes inductive logic, 11

immolates the intuitions,.. 11,13

makes mathematical truth purely

phenomenal, 11

makes morality mere matter of con-
vention, 11

denies conscience, 11

denies purpose in universe, 11

makes biology a part of physiology, - 11
relegates theology and metaphysics to

the Infancy of the race - 13

denies God, 13

insists on mere uniformity of nature, 13

its new cult described. 13,14

in its crude form, rejected by Spencer, 49
Positivists, numerous, intelligent and

of all shades, 8

deny purpose in universe 11,12

merge final causes in totality of

secondary causes. 12

their inference, that supposed imper-
fections in design implies absence of

purpose, replied to, 12

unconsciously use language which
implies the adaptation they expli-
citly deny, 12

beg t he question, 20-

Posse iion inxcare and po»se j>eecmv,
Augustine's formula of man's moral
state in Eden, 10T

Pounds, the parable of, its meaning,... 161
Poverty, not required by Christianity,. Ml
Powell, Baden, denies the literal de-
struction of the world by fire, 9

Power behind phenomena, an irresist-
ible, 11

its type and proof in the action of our

will on our organism, 11

Power, has its seat in mind, 25

Power in unregenerate to avoid certain

sins, 118, 119

to make himself more or less de-
praved 119

to suspend evil action and give atten-
tion to considerations which urge

obedience, 119

a reward of heaven,. 161

Preacher, should set forth true philo-
sophical principles, 15

and audience, their casual relations,.. 211
and audience, sure to meet again,— 211

Preacher's Doubts, Thk, 578-580

Preaching, a development of the re-
vealed word, 545

why supposed by some to have lost its

power, 551

'Prelude, the,' of Wordsworth, quoted, 1^

Preservation, self-, the law of life, 191

President. The Death Of The,.. 347-357

Press, the weapon of the church, 243

Pressure, requires something that
presses and something that is

pressed, 43

'Priesthood, a Chronic Disorder of the

Human Race,' 566

Priestley, Joseph, his philosophy affects

his theology, 7

Priests more powerful and universal

than kings, 77

Primogeniture, Dr. Johnson's sarcastio

eulogy of, 462

Prinntm mobile, according to Dante, ... 509
Principles often assumed which on
formal statement would be repudi-
ated, 245

Probation, individual as well as racial,. 119
sinner's individual, not removed by

inborn character, 125

after death, its relations to New Eng-
land Theology, 126

a fair one in Adam prevents inference

of a further one after death, 127

individual, is of grace 127

according to Scripture, ends with this

life, 127

second, doctrine examined, 174-177

is the phrase correct? 174, 175

is the present a proper one for all ?... 175
rests on nominallstic individualism, . 175
is neutralized only by Scripture doc-
trine of organic unity of race, 175

virtually denies guilt of mankind, .. 175
second, Scriptures oppose, 177

Production, we are bound to the utmost

possible, 463

Christian, ultimately that of holiness

in the earth, 463

economical, may be as extensive as
you please, if subservient to relig-
ious production 464

Productive and unproductive labor, Dr.

Chalmers on 449

Professional man, the worthy, his char-
acteristics, 19

Professions, the three, their mutual re-
lations 19

learned, not now three but a dozen, 283,284
Professor's Chaik, Learning In The,


Promise, the first 391

Propagation, science recognizes more

than one way of, in same species, .. 205
Prophesying, New Testament,what?... 553

Protoplasm, its relation to life, 34

living and dead, 34

Providence, Gulzot's comparison of, to

Homer's gods, 390

Providence and Holy Spirit, mutually

supplementary 557

Pnulaix qucaUo, its value in science,.. 82

Psalm 104, its main thought, 181

Psychical processes, their relation to

physical, 46

'Psychology without a soul,' 69

Ptolemy, his astronomical views, 508

Publication Society, American Baptist,

its origin, 238

based on a conviction that truth is an

organic whole, 238

based on a conviction that special
truths have been entrusted to the
keeping of the Baptist denomination 242
based on a conviction that modern

needs require modern measures,... 243
the success which has attended its

publications, 243

Punishment, what? 192

the impulse In, 194

never referred to love, 195

of wicked, consent of saints thereto,. 195
a manifestation of self-vindicating

holiness, 195

Punishment, future, alleged beneficial

cfTocts, 196, 197

Boecher on, 196

teaching of Universalists, 196, 197

Parker, Joel, on, 197

Patton, P. L.,on, 197

its reason lies in divine holiness 197

Purgatory, according to iiomlsh doc-
trine, 515

according to Dante, 515

and Hell, how related in Divine Com-
edy, 516

is divided into Ante-Purgatory and
Purgatory proper, 515, 516

Purgatory, a process rather than a

place, 517

has clear analogies in our every-day

life, 518

in the sense of a pout mortem purifica-
tion, unscrlptural, 518

faith in it often leads to fatal procras-
tination, 518

its purifications unscripturally repre-
sented as penal, 518

Purity, what? 189

of soul, gives clear instinct of immor-
tality, 191

Purpose; In nature, denied by Comtc,.. 26
Pyramid, the Great , ascent and entrance

of, 471-173

Qualities, secondary, what? 62

primary, what? 62

Quality, Mill's definition of. 22

Quatrefages, on limited geographical

distribution of Atheism, 78

Quenstedt, on the human element in
Holy Scripture being due to inspi-
ration, 148

Quincy, President of Harvard, anec-
dote of his opposition to co-educa-
tion,. 425

Quincy, Mass., educational revolution

there 426

Race, modern Idea of its solidarity an-
ticipated in Scripture 103

according to nominalism, 165

atomistic account of, 165

realistic doctrine of, 165

a tree, 165

Adam once the race, 165

the doctrine of its oneness, an anti-
dote to the exaggerated Individual-
ism of the day, 178

oneness of, its relation to ministry

and missions, 179

Race-sin, ignored by New Theology,... 166
Rangoon, prayer-meeting in heathen

temple at, 279

Realism. Natural, as held by Reid, 61

as held by Sir W.Hamilton, 62

and Idealism compared, 63-71

its simplest form, 66

possesses the universal belief of man-
kind, 66

represents the facts of experience,. .67-69

an objectionable form of, 164

its teaching on the divine attri-
butes, 165

mediaeval, 165

asserts real historical connection of

race, 165

Reason, a system whose order satisfies,
must have sprung from a designing

intelligence, 34

Redeemed in heaven, may render ser-
vice to God's creatures, 526

Reflection, what? according to Locke,. 58

Regeneration, the only parallel afforded
in experience to the apostasy of the

Fall . 110

not a mechanical work, 125

not produced by mere moral suasion, 125
produced by Christ's entrance into

soul, 125

its relation to conversion, 125

raau's will active In, 125

not a miracle, 132

and union with Christ, 824

Reid, Dr. Thomas, his contention

against Hume,..-b 61

advocated 'Philosophy of Common

Sense,' 61

his Natural Realism, 61

his inaccuracies, 61

his services to philosophy, 61

Sir W. Hamilton's annotations on, 62

Relativity of knowledge, consequences

of doctrine of, 16

Religion, speculative and practical,— &
as It exists In mind of child and of the-

loglan, VS

each of its sides tends to reproduce

the other, 2

its debt to philosophy, 2-5

rests on philosophy, 2, 3

owes to philosophy the defining and
correlating of its primary concep-
tions, 3-5-

its relations to Scholasticism, 4

its relations to Platonism, 4

its relations to Aristotclianism, 4

its relations to modern philosophy,... 4
and science, condition of their har-
mony, 20

and science, the truth common to

both, according to Spencer, 52

what, according to Spencer, 53

not a mere sense of mystery and de-
pendence 53

men must have, 77

faculty of, disclosed by presence of

superstition, 79

true, what it is?. 224

its origin not in fears, 391

Remarriage, prohibition of, only pen-
alty for adultery in American law,. 433
of a person who has a former husband

or wife living, felony in Tennessee, 433
of a woman divorced in Kentucky

upheld by a Tennessee court 433

of a woman in New York State, mar-
ried in New York State, but divorced
in Ohio, declared void in New V ork

courts, 437

not permitted by Paul, even in cases

of willful desertion, 438

Remarriage of guilty party to a divorce,
forbidden during life-time of inno-
cent complainant by Revised Stat-
utes of New York State until 1879, . 433

Remarriage of guilty party to adivorce,
though contracted outside of New
York State, declared in one ease by

New York courts null and void, 433

if divorce decreed in Massachusetts,
though contracted outside of that
State, by Statute declared null and

void, 433

no express declaration in New York
State Statutes that even if con-
tracted outside of State, it is null

and void 433

if valid according to laws of any State,

valid In New York State, 433

dictum of Justice Johnson in Court

of Appeals regarding, 435

puts the contractor under legal ban

in New York State, 436

a misdemeanor in New York State but

not bigamy, polygamy or adultery, 436
contractor guilty of contempt of New

York courts 436

prohibition of, has no effect outside

New York State 436

Remarriage in case of divorce on
ground of adultery, permitted to

Innocent party, 439

that it is not permitted to guilty party
an inference from the silence of

Christ, 440

its permissibility to guilty party, Dr.

Woolsey on, 440

of guilty party, a violation of law of

Scripture and of State, 440

Remorse, more than sense of unfitness

to surroundings, 53

Renan, on the Beatitudes, 415

Reparation, the desire to make, illus-
trations of, 216

Representative idea, Reid upon 61

'Respect the dreams of thy youth,', lit, 544
Responsibility, coextensive with our

range of active being, 97

for native depravity, 101

for human nature 101

Resurrection of Christ, the central mir-
acle of Christianity, 144

its evidence, 145

its probative value 145

main subject of apostolic preaching,. 145

teaching of ordinances, 145

Revelation, an external, affords mate-
rial for science, 75

internal and external, their connec-
tion, 172

book of, significance of fact that Scrip-

tureendswith, 363

Revolution, French, its connection

with philosophical teachings,.. 7

Revolutions, break out from below,..

488, 489

Revue Chretienne, on will asa choice be-
tween pre-existent mot Ives, 97

Reward, a peculiar, for each Christian

worker, 160'

of duty done, power to do more, 161

Rewards, are 'according to works,' 160

in what sense the same, 160

in what sense differing, 161

of heaven, what? 161

Rhine steamer and barge, illustration

from, 465, 466

Richardson, the extreme sentimental-
ity of his Cim-fosa, 536

Richter, Jean Paul, 156

Right, and wrong, reduced to conven-
tionalism by Positivism, 11

never confounded with advantage, in

language of world, 53

as a result of ancestral experiences,.. 53
as the adaptation of constitution to

circumstances, 53

an idea not inherent in things or ac-
tions, but brought to them by the

mind 54

an intuition, 54

and wrong, knowledge of, is an orig-
inal cognitive power of mind, 77

binds because it is the nature of Clod, 197
its full significance known only at the

the judgment, 197

Righteousness, the supreme attribute in

man, 195

'Ring and the Hook,' quotation from, 36

its subject described, . 529-531

its method defended. 538, 539

Ritual of divine appointment, pro-
foundly spiritual, 247

Robertson, F. W., on the make up of

truth, 5, 6

his compassion for the sincere doubt-
er, 23

his impatience with self-coinplaceut

infidelity, 23

on the folly of attempting the recon-
ciliation of truths which though ap-
parently contradictory are yet both

true,.. 115

on the doubt of God's personality be-
ing more terrible than that of one's

immortality, 186

Robinson, Dr., his anecdote of a moth-
er's consecration of her boy to the

ministry, 291, 292

Rochester, N. Y., a city of revivals, 387

Rochester Theological Seminary, its

curriculum described, 305, 306

addresses to graduating classes at , 544-.S86
author's address on occasion of grad-
uation of his first theological class

at, 546-548

allusion to its first quarter of a cen-
tury of existence, 554

Rockefeller Hall, its dedication, 302

Rome, as depicted In Revelation 358

Roscelin, a medlipval nominalist 164

* Rose of the Blessed,' according to

Dante, SOB

Rossetti, Miss F. M., her "Shadow of

Dante." 501, 506

Rothe, his conception of the divine at-
tributes, 164

Royce, an American Hegelian, 61

Safford, Daniel, his idea of benevolence, 464

Sakkara, Apis-cemetory at, 470

Salvation, entirely of God, 103, 104

Indian's view of, 105

Arminian view of 105

man's ability in, from God, 113

recognition of God's working In, tends

to practical religion, 117

limitations of divine agency in, 117

Samaritan Pentateuch, 482

Samuel, Second, 2 : 23, 347

Saracenic, invasion of Europe, 485

civilization threatened Europe, 485

Satan. Miltou'sand Dante's conceptions

of, compared, 513

Savings-Banks, an accompaniment of

civilization, 462

Schelling, his view of human know-
ledge, 8

held a direct intuition of self and God, 60
how his system differs from Fichte's, 60
Scholasticism, its iniiuenceon Theology, 4
Schools, large, their advantages and dis-
advantages,. 429

Schopenhauer, a valuable contributor

to facts of man's nature,. 97

Science, what it is, 9

a pre-equipment of mind necessary

to, 9

involves mind as well as matter, 9

ideas as well as facts essential to,..... 10
larger than observation and classifica-
tion 20

its terms derive value from meta-
physics, 21

has, according to Spencer, a truth in

common with religion, 52

assumes order and useful collocation

in the universe, 82

faith at basis of all science, 88

how related to religion 459

Scriptures, Holy, place of reason in re-
lation to, 572-574

Sects, their place in the dissemination

of truth, 241, 242

Selenology, the assumed science of, on

what dependent? 75

Self, its cognition necessary to the idea

of unity in mental phenomena, 68

Self-consciousness, a valid source of

knowledge, 20

the nature and value of its testimony

to existence of the ego, 68

Self-denial, its reflex influence on

church, 374

moves the heart of God 376

Self-interest, the fundamental law of

Political Economy, 444

has its morals, 444

its relation to universal benevolence,

444, 445

Bascom on, 459

man's highest, often at war with low-
er principles, 458

man's highest, its attainment requires

a power outside human nature, 459

Selfishness, not the best policj-, 456, 457

Self-limitation of God, in design and

creation 12

makes knowledge of him possible,... 51
as to his moral nature, the complet-

est, 51, 76

imposed only from within, 76

in the person of Christ, 186

Self-love, its place In Christianity and

Political Economy, 450, 451

Self-mastery, 562-566

Seljuks, conquest of Palestine by, 488

treatment of Christian pilgrims by,. - 488
Seminary, Theological, its site should

be a large city, 298, 311

should be liberally supported by the

churches 301

what its departments should be,. .303, 304
requires the ablest instructors pos-
sible, 304

Seminaries of Hamilton and Rochester,

their relations, 314

Seminary, Theological, the salaries of

its professors, 305

should be a store-house of literature, 306
should have a library, museum, and

lectureships, 306

training of the vocal organs should

be a part of its course 307

support of students at, 307, 308

relations between its professors and

students, 310, 311, 318

its chapel services, 312

its influences most permanent, 313

trains leaders for the churches, 316

must not lweome a kindergarten, 316

should combine practical with theo-
retical teaching, 317

should insist on highest and widest

culture, 318

seeks to ground in the revealed word, 545
its educators do not require servile

acquiescence in their instructions,. 547
the twofold aim of its discipline,— 547
seeks to develop habits of earnest, in-
dependent investigation, 547

seeks to encourage a spirit of love,... 547
should not cultivate the intellect ex-
clusively, 547

its teaching should set forth a definite

body of truth, 558

Seneca, on innate depravity, 101

Sensations, Berkeley's view of, 58

Sensations, may be caused by God di-
rectly 58

only objects of knowledge, 58

only deal with points In external ma-
terial, inind cognizes substance,— 68
Sensation proper, according to Hamil-
ton, 62

Sensational school, French, Locke's re-
lation to 58

Sensationalism of Locke, its outcome,. 7

Sensationalism, rhetorical, 571

its cure, 571

Sense-experiences of past generations

the alleged source of a jrriori ideas, 49
Sense-perception, according to Kant,.. 60
Sentimentality, its definition by Mill,.. 536
Separation of an illegally married pair

not always expedient, 440

Sepulchre, Church of Holy, scene at, on

Good Friday, 478

description of, 479

'Service,' its place in Political Economy, 448

Seth, a Hegelian, 61

"Seven ' Togethers,'" 834

Shakespeare, on complementary rela-
tion of the sexes, 204

hides his personality in his dramas, . 527

Shelley, his musical expression, 541

Shepherd, good, Christ as, painted on
communion-cups and walls of cata-
combs, 368

Signallty, the determining feature of

miracles, 138

Simony, its future punishment accord-
ing to Dante, 512

Sin, according to Hegclianlsm, 61

Romish view of, 102

its origin discussed 108-111

its source, an evil disposition, Ill

racial as well as personal, 124

self-isolating, 217

contemptible, the teaching of the

symbolism of the Divine Comedy,... 513
self-perversion of will, according to

Dante, 513

its future penalty, according to
Dante, not essentially external to

the sufferer, 514

according to Dante, tends to perma-
nence 514, 575

Sinful nature, why man is responsible

for, 118

'Sinner, the,' why? 158

Sins, of each individual peculiar to the

transgressor, 257

their three-fold division according to

Dante, 511

seven capital, 516

Skepticism, Materialistic, 31-38

Skepticism, modern, its drift and char-
acter, 29,31

Smith, Adam, taught Political Economy
in connection with Moral Science,.. 443

Smith, Adam, the founder of the sci-
ence of Political Economy,.. 443

Smith, Goldwin, on the automatic

theory of human nature, 27, 28

Smith, H. B., on causes, 92

Smith, Sydney, his witticism on Berke-
ley and Hume, 59

his opinion on the difference between

men and women, 403

Smyth, Dr. Newman, on a fair proba-
tion either in a pre-existent state or

after death, 127

Social questions, the problems of the

present, 452

Social Unions, their best functions, 461

Solipsism, Idealism logically leads to,.. 169
Son of man, the term Implies more than

humanity 206

'Song of Moses and the Lamb,' why

the redeemed sing, 365

Sorcery, its future punishment accord-
ing to Dante, 512

Soul, what in opinion of Humist, 50

present in every part of body at

once, 51

a mental image of, impossible, 51

as defined by Berkeley, 59

God can work in, 152

Southern cross, according to Dante,

shines on Mount of Penitence, 515

Sovereignty, divine, and human free-
dom, both facts, though Irreconci-
lable by our powers, 6

Space an a /nittH truth, cannot be fig-
ured to the imagination, ..48, 51

Speculation, however lofty, filters

down to the people, 5, 55

Spencer, Herbert, advocate of philoso-
phy of Nescience, 8

materialistic in his philosophy, 31

his one postulate, the persistence of

force, 40

his vicious use of <i priori reasoning, 41
does not regard force as connected

with will, 42

is logically an Absolute Idealist, 43

sets forth a method of the divine

working, 44

ignores or denies important facts 44

fails to explain origin of life and mind

44, 45

deserves thanks for emphasizing

truth of development in creation,. 45
regards universe as consisting only of

one substance, 4T

his theory of knowledge unsatisfac-
tory, 47, 48. 49

not a Posltivist, 49

recognizes a priori elements in human

knowledge, 49

the origin he assigns to a i>riori ele-
ments, 49

makes cognition to be recognition,.. 49

Spencer, Herbert, bis explanation of

existence of Intuitions, 50

a materialistic idealist, 50

a Humist, 50, 59

declares God to be inconceivable and

unknown, 50

his idea of 'conceive,' 50,51

on the absolute and Influite as un-
known, 50

attacks personality of God, 52

on the truth which is common to re-
ligion and science, 52, 53

his explanation of the existence of

the feeling of obligation, 53, 54

makes an action right because useful,

54, 55

what he considers conscience as, 55

regards the will as externally necessi-
tated, 55

is a monist, 55

his system delusively simple 55

his teaching acceptable to those who

dread a personal, holy God, 55

his teaching destructive to morality,

art and literature, 56

hissystem open to a reductin ad abmr-

dum, 58

on the cognition of self, 70

his explanation of idea of God, 87

on advantages of varied environment, 428

his dictum of style, 537

Spending and giving, a test of c haracter, 467
Spinoza, on design implying imperfec-
tion in designer, 12

Spirit, Holy, some of his influences may

be resisted, 128

some of his influences sufficient to se-
cure acceptance of Christ, 128

helps us to think ourselves into God's

thoughts, 254

helps to believing utterance of truth, 254

communicates contagious zeal, 255

associates laborer in sympathy with

God's heart, . 255

grants matter and manner of speech,


his stimulation healthy, 256

makes the teacher a magnet, 256

uses agents sometimes unconsciously, 256
bestowed by the Savior in recompense

for his sufferings, 257

from him who receives him he in turn

flows forth to others, 257

his ordinary illumination of believers,
its relation to proper Inspiration,... 170

makes us understand truth, 171

he revives and applies a past revela-
tion, 172

turns the outer into an inner word,.. 172
is the organ of internal revelation,. 172, 251
his office must not be exalted at ex-
pense of work of Christ, 172

every true teacher his assistant, 350

Spirit, Holy, brings spirit ual blessing to

the true teacher, 251

is not the invisible presence of Christ, 251
as sunlight on a darkened landscape,. 251

as oculist who removes cataract, 251

in him is the returning activity of the

Godhead, 252

is necessary to God himself, 252

manifests the secrets of eternity, 252

an inexhaustible reservoir always

available, 253

sensitizes the heart, 253

Spoils-system, Garfield's assassination

due to, 352

the system explained, 352

its unwholesome influence 352, 353

its operation at New York Custom

House, 352

its wide extent, 353

occupies unduly the time of President

and Cabinet, 353

defended by Garfield as Hepublican

nominee, 3T>3,35*

Garfield, as President, carries it out,. 354
its monstrosity will secure its aban-
donment, 356

State, the individual's relation to, ac-
cording to modern view, 207

should leave trade and commerce

alone, 450

Stephen, the protomartyr, first philo-
sophic historian, 337

Stoics, 15

Strikes, wholesome change of feeling in

relation to, 451, 455

Stuart, Moses, his influence on Bible

study 331

Substance, an a priori truth, 48

cognized by mind, 60

known to God and man, 60

its cognition necessary to idea of unity

in material phenomena, 68

material, its cognition as inevitable
an act of reason as the cognition
of mental substance or conscious

self, 68

Suicide, its future puuishment accord-
ing to Dante, 512

Superintendence of universe, God's,... 46
God's, its existence and nature set

forth by facts of creation, 46, 47

Support of theological students vindi-
cated, , 308

Sweden, progress of Baptist principles

in, 243

Swinburne, Algernon, his sensuous pa-
ganism, 56

deifies the body 536

Swiss valley, illustration from incident

in 378, 377

Sword, Edenlc, a manifestation of

wrath, 392

Sychar, a Sunday at, 482

Sympathy, not a sufficient explanation
of man's responsibility for Adam's

sin, 118

its nature, 568

its excellencies, 569

Synergism, unscriptural, 105

denied by Paul, 117

Synthetic conception, what? 60

Systems, delusive sometimes through

superficial simplicity, 6

may become simple through mutila-
tion, 6

Tabula ram, mind at first is not a 101

Tahiti, Ellis on the condition of woman

there 44

Talne, his materialistic tendency, 31

Tait, on the Impossibility of a jniorl
reasoning demonstrating any phys-
ical fact, 40, 41

Talbot, on metaphysics dealing with

realities, 283

Tandem-team idea of salvation, un-
scriptural, 117

Tastes, God cares for them, 465

Taylor, Isaac, on the influence of their
physical surroundings on the au-
thors of the liible, 476

Taylor, N. W„on Imputation, 169

on Depravity, 169

on Sin, 169

on Will, 169

on Pelagius, 169

Teacher's, The, Guide And Helpf.ii,


Teacher, the true, a helper of the Spirit, 250
dependent on Spirit as organ of in-
ternal revelation, 251

dependent on Spirit as refluent move-
ment of divine activity, 252

dependent on Spirit to render heart

of auditor sensitive,.... 253

dependent on Spirit for a life which

may incarnate the truth,.. 254

dependent on Spirit for emotional

intensity, 254,255

dependent onSpirit for union with God 255
dependent on Spirit for wIlat he shall

speak, 255

dependent on Spirit for how he shall

speak, 255

dependent on Spirit for when he shall

speak 255

the truc.receivesthe Spirit from Christ 257

by an act of surrender and faith, 257

to make him a blessing to others,.. . 257
Teacher, in a theological school, why

ordained? 324

of New Testament Language and In-
terpretation, should teach thor-
oughly, 325

should arrive at fixed opinions on

difficult questions, 325

should cultivate breadth,.. 325

Teacher, of N. T. Exegesis, should ex-
hibit boldness, 326

should cherish independence, 327

should be earnest, 327

should be reverent, 328

should be lovingly studious of God's

word, 328

Teaching truth, as the scattering of

perfumes in a triumphal progress,. 250
Teleological argument for the existence

of God, 81,82

more carefully stated, 82

invalidity of common objections to,.. 82

its exact value, 83

its limitations, 83

Telescope, as an illustration, 69

Tennyson, Lord, 21, 28, 28, 30, 38, 204. 204

his portrait, 525

is he a religious poet? 535

compared with Browning, 535

Theism, the stock objection of the phi-
losophy of Nescience to 51

Theism, Scientific, 75-89

Theism, Scientific, possible, 75

it« assumptions possible, 86

Theodorlc, 17

Theologic thought like a pendulum,... 6
Theological education, its true idea,... 302
Theological students, their support

should be by gift not loan, 309

should be regulated by their man.
ifested activity intellectually and

morally, 309

Theological students, why thought ir-
reverent? 312

Theology, its beginnings, 3

combines facts of revelation and facts

of consciousness, 3

how far it gets its facta from philos-
ophy 3

synthetic In its methods, 3

knowledge of its history requires

some study of philosophy, 5

contains factors logically irreconcil-
able, 6

Theology and Philosophy, their differ-
ent methods, 3

their mutual influence evidenced in
state of modern Continental

thought, 8

Theology, Comte's view of, 13

its relation to Revelation, 75

Th so LOOT, Tub Will In, 90-113

Theology, the two principal applica-
tions of Nominalism in, 164

Theology, The New, 164-179

Theology, The New, exaggerates indi-
vidualism, 164

its historical connections, 164-170

has a source in mediieval nominalism, 164

nominallstlc 164

false by defect 166

creatian, 166
Theology, the New, atomistic, 166

has a source in modern Idealism, 166

is indebted to Jonathan Edwards, 167

exaggerates the divine Immanence,.. 167

its prominent specific ideas, 170-177

borrows from many but related

schools, 170

its doctrine of Christian conscious-
ness, 170

its practical results, 178, 179

its teachings affect family life, 178

tends to rationalism rather than mys-
ticism 172

has emphasized the Spirit's work, 172

its doctrine of the extra-temporal

Christ, 172-174

emphasizes a valuable truth 173

obscures the historic Christ, 173

obscures the objective Atonement,

173, 174

its doctrine of second probation,. 174-177
teaches that sin consists in sinning,.. 175
teaches that dispositions arc only sin-
ful as leading to sin, 175

weakens our convictions of guilt of

heathen, 176

its teachings affect church-life,.. .178. 179

loses some sublime conceptions, 179

its influence on ministry, 179

its influence on missions, 179

Theology, New England, its teachers, 1611

rejects exercise-system, l69

becomes unmltigatedly Individualis-
tic, 169

its tendency,.. 170

Theology, Historical, its two branches, 304
Pastoral, a part of a Theological Sem-
inary training, 304

Practical, a part of a Theological Sem-
inary training 304

Systematic, a part of a Theological

Seminary training, . 304

Theology, at present acquiring a whole-
some realistic spirit, 445

is insisting on analogy between nat-
ural and moral law, 445

Theology, Scholastic, a sign of what?.. 497
"Things are only thought*," a Berke-

lelan aphorism, 61

"Thinking thinks," Hegel's dictum,..61, 70
Thomasius, on God as "the simply

one," 165

on nominalism in Theology, 165

on the divine attributes, 165, 189

Thompson, Sir William, his theory of
the introduction of life to this

planet 46

Thorwaldsen, his group, "Christ and

His Apostles," 233

"Thou art," inscription on Temple at

Delphi, 4

Thought, in philosophy of Nescience,
what? 8,13

Thought, a true system of, recognizes
the existence of metaphysical and

moral truth, 20

its monistic tendency towards Ideal-
ism or Materialism, 23

not a mode of motion, 46

Tleck on Dante, 523

Time, an a priori truth, 48

"Time, Death and Judgment," a paint-
ing by Watts, 525

Titus, his treatment of Jerusalem, 484

To airAwc God is not, 165

Toplady's hymn'on Christ's substitu-
tion, 21«

Tofu* in nrnni pirte, 51

Tourmaline, the, illustration from its

polarization of light 446

Tours, defeat of Saracens at, 485

Trade, rests on law of reciprocal benefit, 450
Trades-unions and similar combina-
tions, what objectionable in, 454

Trench, Archbishop, on "Providential

Miracles," 138

Troubadours, their rise, 500

Truth in solution, tends to crystallize,.. 2
Truth, often consists of two opposite
propositions, not in their ria media, 6
In Theology, contains the true but ir-
reconcilable factors of divine sov-
ereignty and human freedom, 6

In consciousness, involves in one du-
ality two different things, matter

and spirit, 6

sacrificed, if either of its factors ig-
nored 6-8

absolute, denied by Positivism, 11

a globe with two opposite poles, 23

an organic whole, 239

e-annot deny any part of, with impun-
ity, 239

Baptist tenets are part of, 239

special parts of, committed to special

keepers, 241

two possible plans of its dissemina-
tion, - 241

in spiritual things defined, 547

influence of clearer views of, 546, 547

and love, consistent and inseparable. 547

Truth And Love, 546-548

Tyndall. his materialism, 31

on " the passage from the physics of
the brain to the facts of conscious-
ness," 36

a Humist, 59

on scientific imagination, 28

Tyrian Ladder, its ascent. 477

Ulysses, his fate according to Dante,... 506

Unbelief, a stream of many eddies, 31

Unconscious Assumptions of Com-
Munion Polemics, 245-249

Uniformitarian theory of geology, re-
cently modified, 141

Uniformity of Nature, see Nature

Union With Christ, The Believer's


Union with Christ, believer's, has re-
ceived little formal treutment, 220

its neglect a reaction from exagger-
ations of mysticism, 220

is taught variously and abundantly in

Scripture, 220

illustrations of, 220

direct teachings of, 221

its scientific definition difficult, 221

is a fact of life, 221

a stage in the approximation of God

to his creatures 221

not a mere natural union, 221

not a mere moral union, 221

floes not destroy distinct subsistence

of either of the persons united, 221

is not mediated by sacraments, 221

as described in Scripture, 222

a union of soul with Christ, 222

represented by union of building and

foundation, 220

of husband and wife, 220

of vine and branches, 220

of members with human body, 220

of race with Adam, 220,221

differs from God's natural and provi-
dential concurrence with all spirits, 222
differs from unions of mere associa-
tion and sympathy, 222

differs from mere moral unions, 222

is a union of life, 222

preserves personality, 222

secures the energy of the Spirit of

Christ, 222

is organic, 222

secures reciprocity in the parts of the

organism, 222

is a vital union, 222

is indissoluble, 222

sacraments presuppose it, - 222

is inscrutable, 222

in what sense mystical, 222

possessed by all believers, 222

not consciously possessed by all be-
lievers, 222

its knowledge sometimes acquired

Inadvertently, 222

knowledge of it us a personal privi-
lege elevates Christian life, 223

is the focus of theology, 223

explains our relation to Adam, 223

throws light on the Atonement, 223

secures believer's subjective reconcil-
iation to God, 223

makes justification more than a mero

legal formality, 223

Luther on, 223

frees the Imputation of Christ's right-
eousness from arbitrariness, 224

is the essence of religion, 224

its relation to Regeneration, 224

Union with Christ, believer's, is cheer-
ing, 224

is purifying, 224

enables belicvertoappropriate proph-
ecies and promises primarily refer-

. ring to Christ 224

assists believer to reproduce Christ's

life, 224

involves fellowship with the Savior,.. 224

sanctifies the soul, 224

purifies and raises up the body, 224

by it Christ gives his life to the

church, 224

conveys assurance of salvation, 224

communicates courage, 224

removes indolence, 224

checks alike impatience and faithless

activity, 224

assists in prayer, 225

sets forth the religion which can save

humanity 225

the central truth of all theology and

religion 362, 548

the source of a minister's courage,... 557
Unitarians, their view of the absolute

simplicity of God, its results, 183

many advocate the eternity of mat-
ter, 183

tend to Pantheism, 183

Unity, an unregulated passion for, dep-
recated *

in mental and material phenomena,

how found, 68

Univeraalia in re, true though not inde-
pendent realities, — 18*

Universe, the, from the Positive posi-
tion, 11

denial of purpose in, 11,12

can produce a Comte but cannot equal

his intelligence 12

a godless, any superstition better

than such a conception, 28

"a thought of God," 29

contains an idea, 33

an expression of mind, 34

of one substance, according to Spen-
cer, - *T

seeming imperfections in its order,

discussed, 82,83

Its broadest signification given to

the word, 527

Universities, medteval, revival of

learning in, 500

University, the, ever hospitable to

ideas, 311

a teacher of philosophy, 39

Unpicturablc things, many, are true,.. 51
Unregenerate, certain remnants of

power lingering with, 118,119

vnotLtvj, its meaning enlarged on, 555

Usefulness, each Christian has his spe-
cial department of, 160

Utile, Cicero on, 55

Valedictory words to various classes
graduating from Rochester Theo-
logical Seminary,

546, 518, 551, 551, 557, 559,

560, 562, 566, 569, 572, 575, 577, 580, 583, 586

Value, lies in labor constituting a "ser- ♦
vice," 448

Values, other than material in Political
Economy, .. 449

Vedder, Elihu, his illustrations of Omar
Khayyam's Ruhqiyat, 533

Veitch, on Non-Egotistical Idealism,... 67
on the intelligibility of externality of
object, 67

Venus dc'Medici described, 413

Violence, its future punishment accord-
ing to Dante 512

Virgil, what he represents in Divine
Comedy, 507, 598

Virgin, house of, its translation from
Jerusalem to Rome, 482, 483

VUaNunva of Dante, 503

Vitry, James of, his typical ignorance
Of foreign lands, 500

Volition, conscious, is it necessary to
sin? 101,102

Voltaire, his explanation of the pres-
ence of fossils,. - 148

on influence of Purgatory, 525

Wallace, on difference between human
and animal intelligence, 46

War, the hope of the feudal dependant, 490
not waged from mere desire of ven-
geance, . 491

Watts, George Frederick, a very real-
istic painter 525

his collection of pictures at the Met-
ropolitan Museum of Art,.. 525

'We are born in faith,' Fichte's aphor-
ism, 21

Wealth, its trials, 461

Webster, Daniel, on "room high up,".. 282

Weeping at the grave, Jewish custom
of 477

Wellington, on "the finger of Provi-
dence," - - - 29

West Point, why quality of students at
present deteriorating there, 292

Whately, Richard, on a professorship of
Political Economy in each theologi-
cal school, 443

Whedon, on God's making himself
happy in wrong, 106

Whispering-gallery, illustration from,. 551

'White Rose' of highest heaven, the
resting-place of those who at the
same time are working in the sub-
ordinate heavens, 522

Wiberg, Andreas, his usefulness in
Sweden 243

Will, personal, superior to nature's laws, 25
only key to interpretation of nature, 25,26

Will, the results of denying its freedom,


infinite, need not manifest its whole

power 43

infinite, alone necessarily persists,— 43

Wii,u The, In Thbolooy, 90-113

Will, the difficulty of discussions con-
cerning, 90

facts regarding, 81

what facts enter into the liberty of,.. 81
the liberty of, shown In mental energy

specially, 81

its freedom held by Calvin, 92

requires some reason for its activity, 93

requires motive 83

its liberty not dependent on indeter-

mlnateness, 83

its motives within mind, 93

its strongest motive, the ruling pref-
erence, 93

its completer definition, 94

its freedom consistent with fixed di-
rection and form of its volitions, . 94
its freedom compatible with certainty

of action 95

as a faculty of volitions is canxa

conuanx 85

as related to character is eauta cant-
ata, 95

its formal freedom, 95

the origin of its necessity of evil,— 95

its civil freedom, 85

as treated in most moral philosophies, 95
has no power to change character,... 96

cannot disregard motive, 96

errors of philosophers regarding 96

a more comprehensive definition of, 96, 97
its place in the universe according to

Schopenhauer and Hartmann, 97

unconscious 97

further defined 97

Revue Chretienne on 9T

not a ' creative first cause," 97

author's theory of, required by a true
doctrine of divine foreknowledge,

98, 101

author's theory of, required by a true
doctrine of man's responsibility for

native depravity, ldl-103

author's uheory of, recapitulated and

tested by Scripture, 98-113

caprice-theory of, . - 99-101

author's theory of, necessary to a
Scriptural sense of the universality

of personal guilt, 102

author's theory of, necessary to a just
view of the extent of the divine

law, 102

how responsible for an inborn state

of, 103

author's theory of, harmonizes with
Scriptural teachings on the divine
initiative in salvation, 103

Will, author's view of, agreeable with
Scripture teaching on the perma-
nence of character in God and the

redeemed, - - .105-10"

author's view of, denned from objec-
tion, - 107-111

its motives never equally balanced,.. 107
may remain same while vast subordi-
nate improvements take place in

character, Ill, 112

Jonathan Edwards' theory of, insuffi-
cient, 120

always and everywhere acts only in

view of motives, 122

as related to motive, 122

its own determiner, 122

considered as absolutely originating, 123

obedient yet elective, 123

an undetermined cause, 123

chooses direction only, 123

and desire, how related, 123

sinners have not lost all natural

power of, 124

its natural freedom under grace be-
comes a higher freedom, 126

its ' formal' and ' real' freedom, 126

use of its ' formal' freedom may lead

to ' real' freedom, 126

may use its formal freedom till habit

is incurable, 126

human,can act on nature and produce
results which nature alone could

not accomplish, 134

human,not determined by natural law, 135
has a power superior to nature's laws, 135
the central fact in personality, human

and divine, 182

an independent, granted by God to

man, 360

strongest thing in being, save God, .. 550
Withered hand, a parable of salvation, 113
Woman, modern view of her dignity,.. 207

Woman's Place And Work,. 400-409

Woman, her place and work according

to Gen. 2:18, 400

her paradisaic state, 400

how received by Adam 400

in her nature equal with man, 400

in office subordinate to man, 401

one with man in life and work 401

her head is man, as Christ's head is

God, 401

her position not determined by curse, 401
divine curse upon, what does it mean? 402
her degradation among Hindus and

Jews, 402

any existing relics of injustice to her
in laws or manners should be put

away, 402

facilities of culture should be as free

to her as to man, 403

all suitable occupations should bo
open to, 403

Woman, her remuneration should be

equal to that of man, 403

reform in all things injuriously affect-
ing, has sympathy of Christian

teacher, 403

any prominent, entitled to fair judg-
ment, 403

by sex, subordinated in office to man, 403
her subordination to man not ex-
plained on force theory, 404

fitted by constitution for subordina-
tion, 404

the duties of maternity preclude at

times outdoor labor, 405

her grandest work, 405

the influence of Christianity and civi-
lization upon her position, 405, 406

the aspirations of the Buddhist, 406

false views of her position affect the

marriage bond, 408

and the franchise, 407, 408

her debt to Christianity, 409

how she may be man's helper, 409

how much she owes to Christ, 410, 414

her position in the east 410

at Athens and Home, 410, 411

in heathen lands, 411, 412

her degradation self-perpetuating,... 412
her nature consecrated by the mater-
nity of Jesus, 413

her status elevated by her share
equally with man in the redeeming

work of Christ, '.. 413

honored by being made the first her-
ald of the gospel 413

Teutonic reverence for, received new

impulse from Christianity 414

the passive virtues, usually deemed
feminine, specially recognized by

Christ 414

her work for women in heathen lands
a modern feature in Christian activ-
ity, 415

Woman, The Education Of A, 418-430

Woman's Rights agitation, its funda-
mental error, 405

reasons for solicitude concerning, 407

Women, heathen, their numbers and

condition, 412

elevated by Christ, 413

Christian, can to some extent repay
their debt to Christ by seeking to
extend the blessings they have re-
ceived to their sisters, 415

not accessible to men, in some eastern

countries, 416

heathen, their influence as wives and

mothers, 416

Mohammedans anxious for the educa-
tion of their, 416

their future missionary movements

forecast, 417

the writings of, their characteristics, 420

Women, eminent public, are exceptions

not examples, 42S

Women's American Baptist Missionary

Society, its special work, 416

its strength in 1883, 416

an opportunity for women to take

part directly in mission work,! 417

Woolman, John, bissympatheticsuffer

ings as a member of a sinful race,.. 217 Word, the spoken, its explanation more than a reference to vibrations of air

which constitute sound, 33

of God, its personality, 545

the only weapon of the Christian ministry, 545

relation of reason to, 572

Wordsworth, his poetry contrasted

with that of Swinburne, 56

his lines contrasting the fixity of the material universe with the errancy of spirit, 60

Wordsworth, compared with Browning, 582 deficient in a sense of the ludicrous,. 537 sometimes long-winded and weari

some 537

Work And Power, 552-554

Wundt, and his new German psychology,

Xenophon's saying concerning Cyrus.. 564 Youmans, his theory that so-called chemical elements art* but modifications of a common ultimate substance, 6

on transformation of force into consciousness, 24

Zeal Fok Christ, 583-58*

Zoal distinguished from fanaticism, — 584

Zenana work, what? 416

its ad vantages, 410

whom to be done by, 416

Zola, his literary work characterized,.. 531









This work is an enlarged and amended edition of the author's "Lectures on Theology," printed in 1876 for the use of students in the Rochester Theological Seminary. It contains nearly four times the amount of matter embraced in the former volume. The main text remains substantially the same, although important additions have been made to the treatment of the intuition of the divine existence, the classification of the attributes, the statement of the doctrine of decrees, the teaching as to race-sin and raceresponsibility, ability or inability, the ethical theory of the atonement, and the final state of the wicked. The section on the moral nature of man (conscience and will) is new; a few minor paragraphs of the older book have been omitted; and the work has been somewhat altered in arrangement.

The author's aim has been not so much the writing of a theology for theologians as the construction of a hand-book for the use of students for the ministry. The main text is intended to serve as the basis for daily recitation; the matter in smaller print is added by way of proof, explanation, or illustration. To save labor to the reader, Scripture passages referred to in the text have been printed in full in the appended notes — the Revised English Version, except where otherwise indicated, being used, and the readings of the American Committee being generally preferred. Minute references are given, under each head, to the various books which may serve as additional sources of information or suggestion. The writers referred to are not mentioned as authorities: it has been the aim, in general, to indicate not only the authors whose views are favored, but also those who best represent the views combated, in the text. The editions nsed are those found in the Library of the Seminary for whose students the text-book was originally written; fortunately these editions are, in general, the latest.

It has been thought well not only to give references to the best writers on the subjects treated, but also to introduce brief quotations from them, with a view to familiarize the reader with their general doctrinal position and to stimulate him to further reading of the works themselves. Many of these quotations are followed by explanatory or critical remarks, and in the smaller print considerable space is not unfrequently given to notes upon matters that could not be fully treated in the text, such as the history of systematic theology, the authorship of the Pentateuch, heathen systems of morality, heathen trinities, the Mosaic history of creation, the Sabbath, objections to the evolutionary theory of the origin of man, a tabular view of theories of imputation, notes on depravity, guilt, and penalty, the humanity of Christ, the Old Testament sacrifices, the doctrine of election, union with Christ, ordination to the ministry, the immortality of the soul, and the second coming of Christ.

It will be noticed that books are sometimes referred to which can hardly be called the best sources of information: in such cases the intention has often been to help the theological student to use intelligently the books he has; in other words, to enable the possessor of few books, and those not the best, to get from them all the good he can.

Attention is called to the element of Scriptural exposition that has been admitted. Under each of the chief doctrines, the main passages relied upon for proof are somewhat fully explained; while the attempt has been made to condense the results of the best modern exegesis into the few words of explanation immediately following many of the minor passages cited. Although much material for private study is thus added, the author does not regard the work, even in its present form, as more than an outline which needs to be filled in by the fuller expositions and discussions of the classroom. It is to be judged by its aim — to provide a basis and starting-point, a source of elementary knowledge and a stimulus to thought, in preparation for the oral instruction of a Theological Seminary.

The few copies of Dr. Strong's "Systematic Theology" yet remaining unsold are now offered to ministers and theological students in general. It is a volume of 780 pages, including an index of 158 pages. It comprises as much printed matter as the three volumes of the " Systematic Theology" of Dr. Hodge, and four times as much as the brief Compendinm printed by the author in 1876. The book is not sold nt bookstores, and there is no discount to any one. The undersigned is the only agent for its sale. A copy will be sent postpaid to any address on receipt of postal order for FIVE DOLLARS, by

O. W. JANSEN, Agent,
No. 6 Trevor Hall, Rochester, N. Tl.


PROFESSOR WILLIAM G. T. SHEDD. D. D., of the Union Theological Seminary, New York City. I am rejoiced to find that the orthodox faith has obtained yet another lucid statement and powerful defense. You have made a manual superior to any that I am acquainted with in the English language; and at the same time there is far more of the fulness and sequence of a theological treatise than is usually attained in a hand-book. I have recommended it to my classes as an exceedingly helpful work for them to obtain and study.

PRESIDENT ALVAH HOVEY, D. D., of the Newton Theological Institution, Newton Centre, Mass., in the Baptist Quarterly, October, 1886. Dr. Strong is entitled to high rank among the true knights of labor. . . . We think of his Systematic Theology as uniting the best thought of the past with that of the present, the Augustinlanism of the early church with the tempered Calvinism of to-day, .... The part which treats of Christian churches and ordinances will be found entirely satisfactory to Baptists, and at least profitable, because instructive, to Christians of every name. We rejoice, therefore, in the publication of this volume, on account of the truth which it teaches as well as on account of the scholarly manner in which that truth is taught. It must fill an important place in our theological literature. Its plan is comprehensive, its analysis thorough, its learning sound, its style lucid, and its reasoning vigorous. It is positive without being acrid, and the influence of its teaching will doubtless be specially useful because it is timely.

in a letter to the author.

Allow me to congratulate you upon the completion of so valuable a work It

seems to me to be a very self-consistent, scholarly, and complete work. With nearly all the views advocated in it I sympathize. Certainly there is no " Systematic Theology" which I would sooner place in the hands of a pupil, or of a son, than yours. If it speaks with slightly more confidence than I feel on a few difficult points, I am almost glad that it does; for I have no pleasure in hesitancy, and I believe that your views are not inconsistent with the Scriptures. But every one must speak and write according to the grace that is given him.

PROFESSOR E. D. MORRIS, D. D., of the Lane Theological Seminary, Cincinnati, O., in the New Turk Evanaelitt. This volume .... is much more than a hand-book or compendium, as it modestly claims to be: it is rather a broad and vigorous discussion, highly creditable as such to the author, and well worthy of a place among the standard American authorities in

this department The views on Inspiration are especially clear and convincing, and

the answers to current objections are vigorous and conclusive We find in it no

trace of sympathy with the loose, pernicious theories of the future life now advocated

in certain quarters We recommend it as not merely a handbook for the class-room,

but a scholarly, systematic, able treatise on the greatest of all themes.

In the New TorH Independent.

This book is a growth Its wide reading and careful discrimination are stamped

upon every page. It is, with its full indices, an admirable handbook for the preacher's study-table, aiding the student by its ample references to push his investigations in all

directions and to tho utmost limit There is a wholesome tonic in Dr. Strong's

masterly discussion of Inspiration We thank him for his able defense of this

citadel of tho Christian faith Tho conception of the Divine law is very lofty, and

is vigorously carried through in the discussions of sin and atonement Of course,

on the doctrine of the Sacraments, the author defends the Baptist views. Thcro is no taint of the open-communion heresy in him, though his temper is admirable in its

Christian catholicity It is much easier to criticise such a book than to write it:

and we regard it as one of the very best theological manuals in existence.

PRE8IDENT E. G. ROBINSON, D. DOf Brow* University, Providence, R. I. I fear you will think me very negligent in not long ago acknowledging the receipt of your admirable volume of Theology. The truth is, I have been crowded with work, and wanted to get a little time to examine the volume before writing you, but the fates ba^e been against me. I have only found time to read your preface and to dip in here ana there. I see you are eminently orthodox and not likely to lead astray.

PRESIDENT M. B. ANDERSON, LL. D., of the Untvehsitt Of Rochester. Accept my sincere thanks for your elaborate treatise on Systematic Theology. It is a monument of Industry and learning, and a conclusive proof that no labor or thought

has been spared in the discharge of the responsible duties of your office I beg

leave to congratulate you on the completion of a course of instruction so comprehensive in range and so complete in details.

PRESIDENT G. D. B. PEPPER, D. Dof Colby University, in The Watchman. Dr. Strong has a rare power of making just such clear, ooncise, exact statements of positions as a student ought to commit to memory, and he appends to these an expansion, partly in his own language, and largely in quotations from others and references to others, as gives the requisite completeness of view That the author is preeminently an artist and an architect appears in all his productions, but nowhere else so

signally or impressively as here Solidity and strength are combined with grace

and beauty. As to substance of doctrine the work is eminently conservative The

development of the doctrine of the church is in both form and matter very satisfactory. .... Cathollo and fair toward other denominations, the entire discussion is unflinchingly Baptist. Whatever grounds one may have for dissent with some of the positions taken in this volume. it must be conceded that the work has signal merit. It is an honor alike to its author, to Rochester Theological Seminary, to the Baptist denomination, and to the Christian church. It has a future.

REV. HENRY M. DEXTER, D. D., in the Congregationalist. One great preeminence which this manual has over every other which we recall is in

the fullness and completeness of its indexes Another valuable quality of the book

is its expository element. It has some features — mechanical and other—which give it

unusual value While storing away into a large octavo page an extraordinary

quantity of matter, it is yet beautifully clear and readable. .... Of course we should be more edified by his volume if eight or ten of its pages on baptism were essentially modified, but—with that exception —we regard the book as one of very great value, and to be warmly commended to all who love thorough discussion in theology, leading in general to right conclusions.

PROFESSOR A. H. NEWMAN, D. D., of the Toronto Baptist College, in the Canadian Baptist. It would be quite within bounds to say that Dr. Strong's book is the most important

contribution ever made by a Baptist to systematic theology We will go further.

It is, everything considered, the very best work in existence on the subject of which it treats. We say this not in ignorance of the great works of the Hodges, of H B. Smith,

of Dorner, and of other leading German theologians We do not hesitate to give

the preference to Dr. Strong's book as a well-balanced, complete treatise, adapted to the

wants of the present age It should have a place in the library of every student

and of every minister who wishes to keep abreast of the theological thinking of the age.

November, 1886.

It is a remarkable fact that no one of the many very able theological writers of the Baptist denomination of the last half-century has, until now, given to it and to the church-public a comprehensive treatise on Systematic Theology, though a number of very able monographs have appeared. But this lack is now abundantly supplied by the Issue of the work the transcript of whose title is given above Now that they have this comprehensive digest of Christian doctrine, they may be said to have contributed ,

their share to our theological literature The author seems to think, and in this we

agree with him, that one who undertakes to teach should have settled convictions of his

own We may speak of the system of Christian doctrines here given, as a whole,

as thoroughly biblical and eminently evangelical. The presentation of the doctrine of sin, of atonement, of justification, and of the Christian life, are all most excellent, and with these wrought into his thinking and experience, the Christian teacher will not be

likely to lead men very far astray By the production of this volume the author

has made not only those of his own denomination, but the whole church universal, his debtors.

of the Crozer Theolooical Seminary, in the Examiner.

Dr. Strong, as is well-known, belongs to the conservative school of theologians'

He writes with clearness, vigor, and scholarly precision. His definitions, a large part of the book, are concise, neat, und easily intelligible. His statements of the views of others are candid, and as full as the circumstances permitted them to be. The notes on the history of particular doctrines are valuable and stimulating. The citations of authorities indicate a very extensive and unusual acquaintance with the literatures especially the recent and contemporaneous literature, of the subject discussed. If Dr. Strong holds to the old in theology, it is not because he is not acquainted with the new; but because he is acquainted with it, and feels that the old is better. He disclaims writing for theologians, but there are few theologians who would not find his book exceptionally valuable and helpful.

January, 1887.

Theological science has produced in this country very few works of the scope and merit of this solid octavo. The only previous publication of the kind that bears comparison with it is Dr. Charles Hodge's " Systematic Theology," in three volumes. While this one volume comprises as much printed matter as those three, it has the advantage of smaller and therefore more convenient bulk, having the whole work, including a copious index of 158 pages, in a single book. It has also the merit of greater conciseness and condensation. It excels In the element of freshness. It is a comprehensive survey of modern theological opinions, exhibiting prodigious and well-digested learning, marked by an uncommon faculty of analysis, logical arrangement and exact definition, and stumped

throughout by conservatism, candor and charity Publications of this kind are

very much needed just now amid the general haze in the theological world, and while this may not solve all or many of the problems that are rife, it will help students to clear thinking and scriptural knowledge, two of the foremost requisites for a sound theology.

REV. CHARLES H. SPURGEON, in the Sword and Trowel, London, November, 1886. A remarkable body of divinity which may serve for Baptists as Hodge does for

Presbyterians Wo might take exceptions [to its doctrine of the Communion, the

Atonement, and the Second Advent], but when we have said all, we still feel that this is a great work, and that men who study it will be men indeed, if the Lord blesses them. . ... If our young ministers knew more of theology — that is to say, of the Word of God — they would not be so easily duped by pretenders to knowledge, who endeavor to protect their own ignorance by crying down a thorough and systematic study of revealed truth. Wo hope Dr. Strong will enable the English reader to procure his invaluable Cyclopaedia, for It is nothing less.

PROFESSOR A. C. KENDRICK, D. D., of the University Op Rochester. I have taken occasion to dip into the volume here and there and to assure myself of its great thoroughness and completeness. I anticipate much pleasure and profit in its further examination, and I feel sure that your students, as well as theological students in general, will find it a great and invaluable aid to their theological studies. It is in every respect un elegaut book, and will be a credit, I am sure, both to our Seminary and our city. Our city press is to be congratulated on such a specimen of book-making, and I cannot doubt that you will realize in the impulse and aid which it will give to theological study a rich reward of your labor.

PRESIDENT JOSEPH ANGD8, D. D., of the Baptist Colleoe, Regent's Park, London. I am greatly indebted for a copy of your Systematic Theology, which reached me a couple of days ago. I have spent some time in looking it over — with great interest and satisfaction. It is clear, sufficiently full, and eminently suggestive. Mr. John Sheppard used to say that no author should be allowed a copyright in any book unless he added an Index. Eveu if his notion had become law, your title to proprietorship would be complete. The Indexes are capital, and will prove of great value to all students.

REV. SAMUEL G. GREEN, D. D., Secretary of the London Religious Tkact Society. I like it [ Dr. Strong's book l far better than Dr. Hodge's " Outlines." I agree with it more, and there is more to stimulate thought. Half the use of such a text-book is in stimulating those who use it to think for themselves. I sometimes decidedly dissent from Dr. Strong, as e. g. on the Communion question, but I like the book none the less on that account.

REV. T. WITTON DA VIES, D. D., Professor of Hebrew in the Baptist College, Haverfordwest, Wales. I lately received a copy of Dr. Strong's Systematic Theology Dr. Davies, the President of the College, has borrowed my copy, and he is so pleased with it that he has resolved to introduce it into his classes as a text-book.

PRESIDENT W. T. STOTT, D. D., of Franklin Colleoe, in the Indiana Baptist. If it could once have been said that American Baptists have no representative authors In Christian and theological literature, it can be said no longer. Among the best books

on Systematic Theology that have appeared in this country is Dr. Strong's The

book contains more matter, possibly, than Dr. Hodge's, and will doubtless take the place

among Baptists that Dr. Hodge's does among Presbyterians It is a biblical and

scholarly exposition of the fundamental doctrines of theology The minister,

though he be not educated in the schools, may comprehend the drift and substance of every discussion, while the man of learning will see that he is reading after a mind that is broadly familiar with the present sum of human knowledge in science, philosophy, and history. We cannot but rejoice that so able an exposition of Scripture doctrines, as Baptists hold them, has appeared. Wc are sure that the volume will be a standard for a long tune to come.

PROFESSOR E. H. JOHNSON, D. D, of the Okozek Theological Seminary, in the National Baptist Cursory examination of the whole and closer reading of various parts warrant the prediction that Dr. Strong's "Systematic Theology" will prove to educated ministers and to theological students one of the most interesting and instructive surveys of the field yet afforded to the public. It has the advantage high in any science, of being recent,

and of being at once concise and comprehensive The general arrangement is

logical, often especially felicitous, the analysis of a doctrine thorough, the definitions

clear and firm, the discussions vigorous, the spirit both conservative and kind

A wide sweep of theological erudition has been required for the preparation of this

volume The friends of the Seminary presided over by Dr. Strong, and the lovers

of a wise orthodoxy, may well rejoice at the appearance of this exceptionally able and useful work.

REV. HENRY S. BURRAGE, D. D„ lh Zton's Advocate, Portland, Maine. The part of the work which treats of the church is very full and satisfactory. Here, as indeed in the volume throughout, we have clear analysis, careful exegesis, and a sufficiently elaborate discussion for a forcible presentation of the author's views. .... The volume is a storehouse of religious truth, a complete handbook of theology, which should be in the hands of every minister, and every intelligent layman. To such we commend it most heartily. Its publication is an honor to the Baptist name, as well as u> its author.

REV. JUSTIN A. SMITH, D. D.. in the Chicago Standard. It la especially desirable as a 'ibrary-book, a book to be kept at hand for frequent use by those .... who may need to have access to a statement of Christian doctrine, which shall be, while concise, still complete, presenting in few words a clear statement of the

truth on each point Whatever point in theological discussion or inquiry the reader

may wish to consult his author upon, he will be quite sure to find it included In

respect to its general treatment of the great themes of theology, the book seems to us deserving of high praise. It is a book for a Baptist to name with pride and satisfaction as be compares it with those which bear the names of emlneut theologians of other denominations. The signs of research, and of careful, scholarly and critical study of

authorities are on every page At the same time one feels that he is receiving the

instructions of an independent thinker, whose mind works along the lines of the old and orthodox theology because study and reflection have seen in that theology all the notes of ascertained truth The book is admirably printed, and in point of mechanism, every way, is perfect. An Immense amount of labor has been bestowed upon it, in the mechanical parts of which Dr. Strong has had efficient co-laborers, yet which must still remain, in his own case, an example of industry, patient research, and conscientious fidelity.

PRESIDENT JOHN H. CASTLE, D. D., of the Toronto Baptist College. I am under deep obligations for your courtesy in sending me a copy of your great work on Theology. It is a monument to your industry, wide-reading, skillful gleaning,

keen insight, clear statement, and above ail, to your fidelity to God's own Hook

I am proud to see this rich contribution to theological science emanating from one of our Baptist Seminaries, my own Alma Mater.

PROFESSOR MOSES COIT TYLER, of Cornell University. I am deeply impressed by the greatness and nobility of the work you have thus achieved, and I congratulate you, and rejoice with you. I am delighted with the type, which concentrates a vast amount of matter and is also clear and beautiful. But the comprehensiveness of the work, its analysis, order, great learning, and reverent spirit —all fill me with admiration.

REV. G. W. LASHER, D. D., In the Journal and Messenger, Cincinnati, O. The more we read, the more we admire the sincerity and exhaustlveness with which each subject is treated, the frankness with which objections are stated, and the legion i

and Scriptural acumen with which the truth is vindicated This volume is one of

the most exhaustive and satisfactory treatises that has ever fallen into our hands, .... The student who has this book in hand is put into communication with the master minds of the Christian world. . . ; . A second feature of the work with which we arc specially

pleased is its thoroughly biblicul character The final appeal is to the word of God,

and the work is what the title of the author's professorship in the Theological Seminary indicates as his special field —" Biblical Theology."

REV. A. E. DICKINSON", D. D., in the Religious Herald, Richmond, Va. While this book will be specially valuable to theological students, it may be studied with profit by others. Such a work needs no commendation from us, It will take its place as one of the great authorities on the subjects of which it treats. The work is dedicated very appropriately to John B. Trevor, a great and notable patron of higher education.

of Tarrytown, N. Y.

I have received your monumental volume, and I thank you for it. My own experience In book-making enables me In some degree to appreciate what such a book costs to the author. I have not yet read the whole of it, but I have sampled it here and there, always finding, what I should certainly have expected, marks of clear consecutive thinking and answerably lucid expression. I congratulate you on this great work happily achieved What next?

of Providence, R. I.

I am sure I Rhall enjoy your book, and I hope profit by it. I know what book-making on a small scale means, and I can imagino what a herculean task it was to get such a book through the press.

PRESIDENT HENRY G. WESTON, D. D., of the Crozer Theological Seminary. I was just on the point of writing to you to congratulate you on the deserved success

of your recent work Every one, so far as I hear, feels that pleasure with your

Theology. You have done admirably a work at once very difficult and very desirable. It is the more gratifying because of the influence it will have in keeping our young ministers walking in the old paths. I very heartily rejoice in the favor whioh your book everywhere meets,

St. Louis, Mo.

All students in the ministry will give it a hearty welcome .... The doctrinal statements are brief but clear, scriptural proof-texts are printed in full (a great convenience for the student), various theories are characterized and discussed with sufficient fullness, and bibliographical indications are given for those who may wish to pursue a topic further. .... There is a freshness and breadth in the ii:ustrative material that give a pleasant flavor to the strong meat of the doctrine. . . . , While we congratulate Dr. Strong upon his excellent work, we are prouder than ever of the denomination that produces such a scholarly, pious and orthodox exposition of the doctrines of the Holy Book. Let us add that the publisher's work has been beautifully done; the paper, type and binding of this handsome octavo are worthy of high praise.

REV. A. C. CAPERTON, D. D., in the Western Recorder, Louisville, Ivy. This is for Baptists the most Important treatise on systematic theology that has

appeared since Andrew Fuller Dr. Strong combines brevity of statement with

clearness In a remarkable degree Instead of unfolding his views and supporting

them by texts, he unfolds the Scriptures On the great doctrines and on our

distinctive principles, this work leaves little to be desired The denomination owe

Dr. Strong a debt of gratitude for this great work.

of Detroit, Michigan.

It would be an excellent gymnastic for any one. Christian, Jew, or heathen, to work

through these lucid arguments and powerful presentations The typography

adapts it for lay as well as for professional reading The indexes of this great

work represent something like fine art. They are six in number, and with the Table of Contents occupy 170 pages. These are the special work of Rev. R. K. Ecclcs, M. D., of Salem, O., and supply all probable needs for ready-reference of any kind to the book.

• Jena, Germany.

How shall I thank you for sending me your magnum opus to cheer me, as by daily visits from yourself, In this exile? If I were to speak without restraint, I fear that I should transgress even the privilege which our friendship gives, in expressing my admiration of the book. It is un honor to yourself, to t he denomination whose peculiar views it states with admirable clearness, and. above all. a real contribution to the knowledge of God and his relations to man—the subllmcst of all sciences.

Granville, Ohio.

The work is Intrinsically of the highest value. I am astonished at its comprehensiveness and minute carefulness. It is by far the most exhaustive, and satisfactory manual that I know. The style of publication also, in typography, paper, and general arrangement. is admirable. The Index leaves nothing to be desired. Taken altogether, it is a monumental work, and I shall prize it as such.

In the Baptist Weekly, New York. The appearance of Dr. Strong's " Systematic Theology" will be hailed with delight by

all who are interested in the study of Christian doctrine and church polity He has

no sympathy with the theory of a pre-mlllennlal advent By some. Dr. Strong's

pasitions will be regarded as too conservative But if there is any danger to be

apprehended to our doctrinal basis from the influence of the " new theology," it is fit, perhaps, that those who are charged with the responsibility of training young men for the ministry should be careful to keep in the old paths and not expose themselves to the charge of encouraging dangerous deviations. The mechanical execution of this volume is superior, reflecting great credit on the Rochester publisher. It is appropriately dedicated to the most generous friend of Rochester Theological Seminary, John B. Trevor, Esq.

Rochester, N. T.

The plan of the work and the untiring labor by which the purpose was carried out, merit the gratitude of all who desire definite knowledge on the great subject of which it treats. .... It is a magnificent thesaurus of learning on the science of sciences.

Yonkers, N. Y.

I see that at last you have launched your bark " Systematic Theology," and have been kind enough to inscribe my name on the " head-board." I hope the new craft may have the favoring gales of Ood's blessed spirit, and in due time make a return voyage to you freighted with the lading of precious souls.

PHOF. GEORGE B. STEVENS, D. Dof the Yale Theological Seminary, in the New Englander. It is a work of long and painstaking labor, and places before the student the material of theology in far greater completeness than mere lectures could possibly do. The only danger would be that the mass of literature and detailed exposition of theories brought to his attention might quite overwhelm and discourage him. But as a Compendium which places before the student in comprehensive form almost the whole "Stoff" of theology, it is certainly a model in form and execution. It differs from such coinpendiums as Luthardt's and Hase's, in giving larger place to the dogmatio development of its various themes, using the historical material as illustrative chiefly. The opinions of the author are developed from a strictly conservative position. He is a Calvlnlst, but not all. Though following mainly the lines marked out by Augustine, the mediaeval realism and Calvin, the author's theology has bent at some points under the pressure of philosophical objections to these types of doctrine. In his exposition of the views which are peculiar to his denomination, Dr. Strong appears as a champion of the high-church Baptist theory

REV. TALBOT W. CHAMBERS. D. D„ in the New York Observer. It is not a hasty publication, but one that represents the labor and repeated study of a lengthened period. This is likewise apparent from its fulness of matter and accuracy of statement. It covers the whole ground of dogma, and the author's views are expressed with precision and clearness, and with entire fairness toward opponents

The author is In harmony with the views of the Reformed Churches, and his system is substantially what is known as Old Calvinism, but he is not fettered by any symbol or

formula, and states his opinions in a genial and attractive form The treatment

of God and the classification of his attributes are fresh and vigorous, quite an advance

upon the methods common half a century ago The discussion of the decrees of

God is profound and thorough and careful. The true view is maintained, but with such a wise choice of terms as to forestall tho common objections which confound certainty

with necessity, and providence with fate The chapter on the consequences of

sin is very discriminating and very strong. . . . The volume closes with no less than six

elaborate indexes, and in this respect is a model of book-making The book is a

very important contribution to American theological literature, and is worthy to stand on the same shelf with the stately volumes of Dr. Hodge's Theology.

PROF. M. B. KIDDLE, D. D., of the Allegheny Theological Seminary, in the Sunday School Times, Philadelphia, January 15,1887. It is but natural that here in America, where Christianity is courageously facing some of the most burning social and ethical questions, there should appear great treatises on Systematic Theology. Greatness we can attribute to such works without endorsing all the positions taken by the authors, and we gladly class the new volume of Dr. A. H.

Strong among these great treatises He is candid and consistent in his utterances,

and may well win praises from those who differ from him The chief excellence of

the work seems to be the happy union of strictly logical method with human interest, taking that phrase in its widest sense. This is meant to be high praise, and it may encourage some of our readers to obtain this book and study it The volume is

dedicated to John B. Trevor, Esq., whose liberality enabled the author to publish it,

The worthy Baptist banker cannot have made many better investments Dr.

Strong's theology is "up with the times." He deals with living issues, and can be used with profit in forming a correct estimate of the most recent doctrinal disturbance. The new aspects of truth he never ignores; but all such treatises as this of necessity suggest

how old the main issues are If any of the readers of this notice suppose that all

the thinking of a robust type is done by a few literary essayists of unevangclical tendencies, let them get this book, study a chapter or two, and if they are capable of thinking deeply, they will admit that systematic theology still receives the attention of strong minds, and that the views deemed "antiquated" by some elegant essayists have still their competent defenders.

REV. PROF. FRANCIS L. PATTON, D. Dof Princeton Theoloqicai. Seminary, in the PraibyUrian Review, April, 1887. We advise theological students to buy this book and keep it within easy reach for reference. It is a handsome octavo of 758 pages, of which the last 158 are indexes. It is a marvel of compression and at the same time of clear statement. The reader is greatly helped by its mechanical execution as well as by the author's skill in the art of expression. By judicious use of large and small print Dr. Strong is able to present his arguments adequately, and at the same time introduce ample references to the literature of the several topics with which he deals. Every page gives evidence of his wide reading and painstaking scholarship. He evidently wishes his pupils to be reading men

and to theologize for themselves The chapter on the Existence of God shows

acquaintance with the latest phases of the theistic controversy, and is very discriminating The apologetic value of prophecy and of miracles is vindicated in a way that

exhibits very gratifying contrast to the hesitating and half-hearted manner of some of our recent apologetes. The defense of Inspiration and the exhibition of the various

theories regarding it is the best that we have seen in a work of this kind The

chapters that deal with Sin and Imputation arc among the finest in the volume.

April, 1887.

This is one of themost Important contributions made in recent years to the subject of systematic theology. The book is rendered especially valuable by its methodical arrangement, its clear and condensed statements of the theological positions controverted or maintained, its judicious quotations from acknowledged authorities, and its abundant references to contemporary and standard literature. It thus will fill the place in one's library not only of a doctrinal statement, but of an outline of the history of doctrine as well. The value of the volume is greatly enhanced by an index well-nigh unexampled in fulness, occupying no less than 156 pages. Throughout the volume the author defends, with great clearness and vigor, the main positions of evangelical theology, especially as held among the Baptist churches, though it is doubtful if the majority of his brethren will go with him in his advocacy of the traducian hypothesis respecting the origin of the

human soul On the chapters upon the Scriptures a Revelation from God we have

little but unqualified praise Dr. Strong's argument for miracles, though brief, is

admirably conciived With this clear and correct statement of principles, short

work can be made of the great mass of objections to the Bible, and the student will do better to read carefully the ten pages devoted to them by Dr. Strong, than to read many

elaborate volumes that could be mentioned specifically devoted to their solution. ....

The chapter upon decrees is among the best In the book Dr. Strong's chapter

upon Eschatology would be admirable at any time, and is especially so, as adapted to

correct the evil tendencies of the present But in a single article scant justice can

be done to a book so comprehensive in its scope and so elaborately wrought nut In its details as this of Dr. Strong's is. We hail with gratitude the publication of such works even where we do not altogether agree with the views of the author.

PRESIDENT JAMES CULBOSS, D. D., of the Baptist College, Bristol, England. Its "idea" is patiently and finely worked out. . . . It will prove of real practical value to theological students and Christian teachers—being clear and precise In style, fair in spirit, wide in its sweep, and full of information, of vigorous and reverent thinking and tokens of personal Insight. It promises to meet my craving for an ideal book on systematic theology — that shall be an orderly exhibition, in just proportion, of ascertained truths, by a good man. Too often the systematlzcr dictates to the exegete, and utters his imperious "Stand/" where there is no danger: In your case, so far as I have seen, systematlzcr and exegete are in partnership.

REV. WILLIS A. ANDERSON, in the Andover Review, July, 1887. Dr. Strong's method enables him to compress into a single volume an unusually full discussion. Large use is made of historical theology, and this element makes it a very

valuable compendium for the student and pastor Another characteristic is the

large place given to the Scriptures. Every position taken is fortificd by Biblical evidence, and the citations are printed In full in the subordinate text. The discussion la carried forward in a direct logical manner and characterized by breadth ami scholarly attainment. We note, as particularly satisfactory, Dr. Strong's vindication of the necessity of theology and its importance for right religious life, the discussion of the

existence of God, the Trinity, and the Person of Christ The severity of form

with which this treatise is cast befits tho type of theology, which is thoroughgoing Calvinism. The new theology, ancient or modern, receives no hospitality. The New England Improvements In their diversity, from Edwards down, find no place in this consistent Calvinlstic divinity. Yet it is so tempered with a Christian catholicity of spirit, and is so interpenetrated with the suggestions of modern thought, as to be

attractive and inspiring As a whole, the work la a credit to the intellectual

strength of the author, a monument of learning which his friends may well cherish. The faults are mainly those of the theological system which holds the author in its grasp. However much one may dissent from his positions, he must admit the force of his logic. We regard Dr. Strong's work as one of the strongest presentations that can be made for the extreme Calvinlstic system of theology. And though its conclusions may not commend themselves generally, even to his own denomination, the reverent temper and caihoUo spirit which pervade the book must command universal admiration.