5:1 But 1 of the times and the a seasons, brethren, ye have no need that I write unto you.
(1) The day that God has appointed for this judgment we do not know. But this is sure, that it will come upon men when they are not expecting it. 5:4 2 But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that that day should overtake you as a thief.
(a) See ( Acts 1:7 ).
(2) Returning to exhortations, he warns us who are enlightened with the knowledge of God, that it is our duty not to live securely in pleasures, lest we be suddenly taken in a dead sleep in pleasures. But contrary to this we are to have an eye to the Lord, and not allow ourselves to be oppressed with the cares of this world, for pleasures are fitting for the darkness of the night, and having an eye to the Lord is fitting for the light. 5:8 3 But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation.
(3) We must fight with faith and hope, and therefore we should certainly not lie snoring. 5:9 4 For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,
(4) He urges us forward by setting a most certain hope of victory before us. 5:10 5 Who died for us, that, whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with him.
(5) The death of Christ is a pledge of our victory, for he died so that we might be partakers of his life of power, indeed even while we live here. 5:11 6 Wherefore comfort yourselves together, and edify one another, even as also ye do.
(6) We must not only watch ourselves, but we are also bound to stir up, and to strengthen and encourage one another. 5:12 7 And we beseech you, brethren, to b know them which labour among you, and are over you in the c Lord, and admonish you;
(7) We must have consideration of those who are appointed to the ministry of the word, and the government of the church of God, and who do their duty. 5:13 And to esteem them very highly in love for d their works sake. 8 [And] be at peace among yourselves.
(b) That you acknowledge and take them for such as they are, that is to say, men worthy to be greatly esteemed of among you.
(c) In those things which pertain to Gods service: so is the ecclesiastical function distinguished from civil authority, and true shepherds from wolves.
(d) So then, when this reason ceases, then must the honour cease. (8) The maintenance of mutual harmony, is to be especially guarded. 5:14 9 Now we exhort you, brethren, warn them that are e unruly, comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be patient toward all [men].
(9) We must have consideration of every man, and the remedy must be applied according to the disease. 5:15 10 See that none render evil for evil unto any [man]; but ever follow that which is good, both among yourselves, and to all [men].
(e) That keep not their rank or standing.
5:16 11 Rejoice evermore.
(10) Charity ought not to be overcome by any injuries.
5:18 In every thing give thanks: for this is the f will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you.
(11) A quiet and appeased mind is nourished with continual prayers, giving regard to the will of God.
(f) An acceptable thing to God, and such as he approves well of. 5:19 12 Quench not the Spirit.
5:20 Despise not g prophesyings.
(12) The sparks of the Spirit of God that are kindled in us, are nourished by daily hearing the word of God: but true doctrine must be diligently distinguished from false.
(g) The explaining and interpreting of the word of God. 5:22 13 Abstain from all h appearance of evil.
5:23 And the very God of peace i sanctify you wholly; and [I pray God] your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.
(13) A general conclusion, that we waiting for the coming of Christ, do give ourselves to pureness in mind, will, and body, through the grace and strength of the Spirit of God.
(h) Whatever has but the very show of evil, abstain from it.
(i) Separate you from the world, and make you holy to himself through his Spirit, in Christ, in whom alone you will attain to that true peace. 5:24 14 k Faithful [is] he that calleth you, who also will l do [it].
5:25 15 Brethren, pray for us.
(14) The good will and power of God is a sure strengthening and encouragement against all difficulties, of which we have a sure witness in our calling.
(k) Always one, and ever like himself, who indeed performs whatever he promises. And an effectual calling is nothing else but a right declaring and true setting forth of Gods will: and therefore the salvation of the elect, is safe and sure.
(l) Who will also make you perfect.
(15) The last part of the epistle, in which with most authoritative charge he commends both himself and this epistle to them.