1:1 Now after the death of Joshua it came to pass, that the children of Israel a asked the LORD, saying, b Who shall go up for us against the Canaanites first, to fight against them?
1:3 And Judah said unto Simeon his c brother, Come up with me into my lot, that we may fight against the Canaanites; and I likewise will go with thee into thy lot. So Simeon went with him.
(a) By the judgment of Urim; Read ( Exodus 28:30 ; Numbers 27:21 ; 1 Samuel 28:6 )
(b) Who shall be our captain?
1:6 But Adonibezek fled; and they pursued after him, and caught him, and d cut off his thumbs and his great toes.
(c) For the tribe of Simeon had their inheritance within the tribe of Judah, ( Joshua 19:1 ).
1:8 Now the children of Judah had fought against Jerusalem, and had taken it, and smitten it with the edge of the sword, and set the e city on fire.
(d) This was Gods just judgment, as the tyrant himself confesses, that as he had done, so did he receive, ( Leviticus 24:19 Leviticus 24:20 ).
1:10 And Judah went against the Canaanites that dwelt in Hebron: (now the name of Hebron before [was] Kirjatharba:) and they slew f Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai.
(e) Which was later built again, and possessed by the Jebusites, ( 2 Samuel 5:6 ).
(f) These three were giants, and the children of Anak. 1:14 And it came to pass, when she came [to him], that she moved him to ask of her father a field: g and she lighted from off [her] ass; and Caleb said unto her, What wilt thou?
1:16 And the children of the h Kenite, Moses father in law, went up out of the city of palm trees with the children of Judah into the wilderness of Judah, which [lieth] in the south of Arad; and they went and dwelt among the people.
(g) Read ( Joshua 15:18 ).
1:18 Also Judah took i Gaza with the coast thereof, and Askelon with the coast thereof, and Ekron with the coast thereof.
(h) This was one of the names of Moses father in law, read ( Numbers 10:29 ).
1:21 And the children of Benjamin did not drive out the Jebusites that k inhabited Jerusalem; but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Benjamin in Jerusalem unto this day.
(i) These cities and others were later possessed by the Philistines, ( 1 Samuel 6:17 ).
(k) For after the tribe of Judah had burnt it, they built it again. 1:27 Neither did Manasseh drive out [the inhabitants of] Bethshean and her towns, nor Taanach and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Dor and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Ibleam and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Megiddo and her towns: l but the Canaanites would dwell in that land.
1:30 Neither did m Zebulun drive out the inhabitants of Kitron, nor the inhabitants of Nahalol; but the Canaanites dwelt among them, and became tributaries.
(l) Wherefore God permitted the Canaanites to still dwell in the land, read ( Judges 3:5 ).
(m) That is, the tribe of Zebulun as is also to be understood of the rest. 1:32 But the Asherites dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land: for they did not drive them n out.
(n) But made them pay tribute as the others did. 1:35 But the Amorites would dwell in mount Heres in Aijalon, and in Shaalbim: yet the o hand of the house of Joseph prevailed, so that they became tributaries.
(o) Meaning, when he was stronger than they. 1:36 And the coast of the Amorites [was] from the going up to Akrabbim, from the p rock, and upward.
(p) Or Selah, which was a city in Arabia.