4:1 a To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm of David. Hear me when I call, b O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me [when I was] in c distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer.
(a) Among those who were appointed to sing the psalms and to play on instruments, one was appointed chief to set the tune, and to begin: who had the charge because he was most excellent and he began this psalm on the instrument called Neginoth or in a tune so called. 4:2 O ye d sons of men, how long [will ye turn] my glory into shame? [how long] will ye e love vanity, [and] seek after leasing? Selah.
(b) You who are the defender of my just cause.
(c) Both of mind and body.
(d) You who think yourselves noble in this world. 4:3 But know that the LORD hath set apart him that is f godly for himself: the LORD will hear when I call unto him.
(e) Though your enterprises please you, yet God will bring them to nothing.
(f) A king who walks in his vocation. 4:4 g Stand in awe, and sin not: commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be h still. Selah.
(g) For fear of Gods judgment. 4:5 i Offer the sacrifices of righteousness, and put your trust in the LORD.
(h) Cease your rage.
(i) Serve God purely, and not with outward ceremonies. 4:6 [There be] many that say, Who will shew us [any] k good? LORD, lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon us.
(k) The multitude seeks worldly wealth, but David sets his happiness in Gods favour. 4:8 I will both lay me down in peace, and sleep: for thou, LORD, l only makest me dwell in safety.
(l) This word in Hebrew may be referred to God, as it is here translated, or to David, signifying that he should dwell as joyfully alone, as if he had many about him, because the Lord is with him.